Zyxel Wap3205 Users Manual V1.00 User掇 Guide

WAP3205 to the manual 32389abc-54d1-42dd-99fb-1a0a33285307

2015-01-23

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www.zyxel.com
www.zyxel.com
WAP3205
Wireless N Access Point
Copyright © 2009
ZyXEL Communications Corporation
Firmware Version 1.0
Edition 1, 6/2009
Default Login Details
IP Address http://192.168.1.2
Password 1234
About This User's Guide
WAP3205 User’s Guide 3
About This User's Guide
Intended Audience
This manual is intended for people who want to configure the WAP3205 using the
Web Configurator.
Related Documentation
•Quick Start Guide
The Quick Start Guide is designed to help you get up and running right away. It
contains information on setting up your network and configuring for Internet
access.
Support Disc
Refer to the included CD for support documents.
Documentation Feedback
Send your comments, questions or suggestions to: [email protected]
Thank you!
The Technical Writing Team, ZyXEL Communications Corp.,
6 Innovation Road II, Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsinchu, 30099, Taiwan.
Need More Help?
More help is available at www.zyxel.com.
About This User's Guide
WAP3205 User’s Guide
4
Download Library
Search for the latest product updates and documentation from this link. Read
the Tech Doc Overview to find out how to efficiently use the User Guide, Quick
Start Guide and Command Line Interface Reference Guide in order to better
understand how to use your product.
Knowledge Base
If you have a specific question about your product, the answer may be here.
This is a collection of answers to previously asked questions about ZyXEL
products.
•Forum
This contains discussions on ZyXEL products. Learn from others who use ZyXEL
products and share your experiences as well.
Customer Support
Should problems arise that cannot be solved by the methods listed above, you
should contact your vendor. If you cannot contact your vendor, then contact a
ZyXEL office for the region in which you bought the device.
See http://www.zyxel.com/web/contact_us.php for contact information. Please
have the following information ready when you contact an office.
Product model and serial number.
•Warranty Information.
Date that you received your device.
Brief description of the problem and the steps you took to solve it.
Document Conventions
WAP3205 User’s Guide 5
Document Conventions
Warnings and Notes
These are how warnings and notes are shown in this User’s Guide.
Warnings tell you about things that could harm you or your device.
Note: Notes tell you other important information (for example, other things you may
need to configure or helpful tips) or recommendations.
Syntax Conventions
The WAP3205 may be referred to as the “WAP3205”, the “device”, the “product”
or the “system” in this User’s Guide.
Product labels, screen names, field labels and field choices are all in bold font.
A key stroke is denoted by square brackets and uppercase text, for example,
[ENTER] means the “enter or “return” key on your keyboard.
“Enter” means for you to type one or more characters and then press the
[ENTER] key. “Select” or “choose” means for you to use one of the predefined
choices.
A right angle bracket ( > ) within a screen name denotes a mouse click. For
example, Maintenance > Log > Log Setting means you first click
Maintenance in the navigation panel, then the Log sub menu and finally the
Log Setting tab to get to that screen.
Units of measurement may denote the “metric” value or the “scientific” value.
For example, “k” for kilo may denote “1000” or “1024”, “M” for mega may
denote “1000000” or “1048576” and so on.
“e.g.,” is a shorthand for “for instance”, and “i.e.,” means “that is” or “in other
words”.
Document Conventions
WAP3205 User’s Guide
6
Icons Used in Figures
Figures in this User’s Guide may use the following generic icons. The WAP3205
icon is not an exact representation of your device.
WAP3205 Computer Notebook computer
Server Modem Firewall
Telephone Switch Router
Safety Warnings
WAP3205 User’s Guide 7
Safety Warnings
Do NOT use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming
pool.
Do NOT expose your device to dampness, dust or corrosive liquids.
Do NOT store things on the device.
Do NOT install, use, or service this device during a thunderstorm. There is a remote risk
of electric shock from lightning.
Connect ONLY suitable accessories to the device.
Do NOT open the device or unit. Opening or removing covers can expose you to
dangerous high voltage points or other risks. ONLY qualified service personnel should
service or disassemble this device. Please contact your vendor for further information.
Make sure to connect the cables to the correct ports.
Place connecting cables carefully so that no one will step on them or stumble over them.
Always disconnect all cables from this device before servicing or disassembling.
Use ONLY an appropriate power adaptor or cord for your device.
Connect the power adaptor or cord to the right supply voltage (for example, 110V AC in
North America or 230V AC in Europe).
Do NOT allow anything to rest on the power adaptor or cord and do NOT place the
product where anyone can walk on the power adaptor or cord.
Do NOT use the device if the power adaptor or cord is damaged as it might cause
electrocution.
If the power adaptor or cord is damaged, remove it from the power outlet.
Do NOT attempt to repair the power adaptor or cord. Contact your local vendor to order a
new one.
Do not use the device outside, and make sure all the connections are indoors. There is a
remote risk of electric shock from lightning.
Do NOT obstruct the device ventilation slots, as insufficient airflow may harm your
device.
Antenna Warning! This device meets ETSI and FCC certification requirements when using
the included antenna(s). Only use the included antenna(s).
If you wall mount your device, make sure that no electrical lines, gas or water pipes will
be damaged.
Your product is marked with this symbol, which is known as the WEEE mark. WEEE
stands for Waste Electronics and Electrical Equipment. It means that used electrical
and electronic products should not be mixed with general waste. Used electrical and
electronic equipment should be treated separately.
Safety Warnings
WAP3205 User’s Guide
8
Contents Overview
WAP3205 User’s Guide 9
Contents Overview
Introduction ............................................................................................................................17
Getting to Know Your WAP3205 ................................................................................................ 19
Introducing the Web Configurator .............................................................................................. 23
Monitor ....................................................................................................................................... 29
WAP3205 Modes ....................................................................................................................... 33
Easy Mode ................................................................................................................................. 35
Access Point Mode .................................................................................................................... 45
Client Mode ............................................................................................................................... 53
Universal Repeater Mode .......................................................................................................... 65
Tutorials ..................................................................................................................................... 73
Configuration .........................................................................................................................81
Wireless LAN ............................................................................................................................. 83
LAN .......................................................................................................................................... 101
Maintenance and Troubleshooting .....................................................................................105
Maintenance ............................................................................................................................ 107
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................119
Product Specifications ............................................................................................................. 125
Appendices and Index .........................................................................................................129
Contents Overview
WAP3205 User’s Guide
10
Table of Contents
WAP3205 User’s Guide 11
Table of Contents
About This User's Guide..........................................................................................................3
Document Conventions............................................................................................................5
Safety Warnings........................................................................................................................7
Contents Overview ...................................................................................................................9
Table of Contents....................................................................................................................11
Part I: Introduction................................................................................. 17
Chapter 1
Getting to Know Your WAP3205............................................................................................19
1.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 19
1.2 Applications ......................................................................................................................... 19
1.3 Ways to Manage the WAP3205 ........................................................................................... 19
1.4 Good Habits for Managing the WAP3205 ............................................................................ 20
1.5 LEDs .................................................................................................................................... 20
Chapter 2
Introducing the Web Configurator ........................................................................................23
2.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 23
2.2 Accessing the Web Configurator ......................................................................................... 23
2.2.1 Login Screen .............................................................................................................. 24
2.2.2 Password Screen ....................................................................................................... 25
2.2.3 Home Screen ............................................................................................................. 25
2.3 Resetting the WAP3205 ......................................................................................................27
2.3.1 Procedure to Use the Reset Button ........................................................................... 28
Chapter 3
Monitor.....................................................................................................................................29
3.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 29
3.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................ 29
3.3 Log ....................................................................................................................................... 29
3.4 Packet Statistics ............................................................................................................... 30
3.5 WLAN Station Status ....................................................................................................... 32
Table of Contents
WAP3205 User’s Guide
12
Chapter 4
WAP3205 Modes .....................................................................................................................33
4.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 33
4.1.1 Web Configurator Modes ........................................................................................... 33
4.1.2 Device Modes ............................................................................................................ 33
Chapter 5
Easy Mode ...............................................................................................................................35
5.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 35
5.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................ 36
5.3 What You Need to Know ......................................................................................................36
5.4 Navigation Panel ................................................................................................................. 37
5.5 Network Map ....................................................................................................................... 37
5.6 Control Panel ....................................................................................................................... 38
5.6.1 Wireless Security ....................................................................................................... 39
5.6.2 WPS ........................................................................................................................... 41
5.7 Status Screen in Easy Mode ............................................................................................... 42
Chapter 6
Access Point Mode.................................................................................................................45
6.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 45
6.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................ 45
6.3 What You Need to Know ......................................................................................................45
6.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to AP Mode ........................................................................... 46
6.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Access Point Mode ............................................ 46
6.3.3 Configuring your WLAN, LAN and Maintenance Settings .......................................... 47
6.4 AP Mode Status Screen ......................................................................................................47
Chapter 7
Client Mode..............................................................................................................................53
7.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 53
7.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................ 53
7.3 What You Need to Know ......................................................................................................54
7.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to Client Mode ....................................................................... 54
7.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Client Mode ........................................................ 54
7.4 Client Mode Status Screen ..................................................................................................55
7.5 Wireless LAN Profile Screen ............................................................................................... 57
7.5.1 Adding a New WLAN Profile ...................................................................................... 58
7.5.2 Site Survey Screen .................................................................................................... 62
7.5.3 WPS Screen ...............................................................................................................63
Chapter 8
Universal Repeater Mode.......................................................................................................65
Table of Contents
WAP3205 User’s Guide 13
8.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 65
8.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................ 65
8.3 What You Need to Know ......................................................................................................66
8.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to Universal Repeater Mode ................................................. 66
8.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Universal Repeater Mode .................................. 66
8.4 Universal Repeater Mode Status Screen ............................................................................ 67
8.5 Universal Repeater Screen ................................................................................................. 69
8.5.1 No Security ................................................................................................................. 70
8.5.2 Static WEP ................................................................................................................. 70
8.5.3 WPA(2)-PSK .............................................................................................................. 72
Chapter 9
Tutorials...................................................................................................................................73
9.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 73
9.2 Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point ................................................................ 73
9.3 Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS .......................................................................... 73
9.3.1 Push Button Configuration (PBC) .............................................................................. 74
9.3.2 PIN Configuration ....................................................................................................... 75
9.4 Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS) ...................................................... 77
9.4.1 Configure Your Notebook ........................................................................................... 79
Part II: Configuration ............................................................................. 81
Chapter 10
Wireless LAN...........................................................................................................................83
10.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................ 83
10.2 What You Can Do .............................................................................................................. 84
10.3 What You Should Know ..................................................................................................... 84
10.3.1 Wireless Security Overview ..................................................................................... 84
10.4 General Wireless LAN Screen .......................................................................................... 87
10.5 Wireless Security Screen ..................................................................................................88
10.5.1 No Security ............................................................................................................... 88
10.5.2 WEP Encryption ....................................................................................................... 89
10.5.3 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK .............................................................................................. 91
10.6 MAC Filter .......................................................................................................................... 92
10.7 Wireless LAN Advanced Screen ....................................................................................... 93
10.8 Quality of Service (QoS) Screen ....................................................................................... 95
10.9 WPS Screen ...................................................................................................................... 95
10.10 WPS Station Screen ........................................................................................................ 97
10.11 Scheduling Screen ........................................................................................................... 97
10.12 WDS Screen .................................................................................................................... 99
Table of Contents
WAP3205 User’s Guide
14
Chapter 11
LAN.........................................................................................................................................101
11.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 101
11.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................ 101
11.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................. 102
11.3.1 LAN TCP/IP ............................................................................................................ 102
11.3.2 IP Alias ................................................................................................................... 102
11.4 LAN IP Screen ................................................................................................................. 103
11.5 IP Alias Screen ................................................................................................................ 104
Part III: Maintenance and Troubleshooting ....................................... 105
Chapter 12
Maintenance ..........................................................................................................................107
12.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 107
12.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................ 107
12.3 General Screen .............................................................................................................. 108
12.4 Password Screen ............................................................................................................ 108
12.5 Time Setting Screen ........................................................................................................ 109
12.6 Firmware Upgrade Screen ...............................................................................................111
12.7 Configuration Backup/Restore Screen .............................................................................113
12.8 Reset/Restart Screen .......................................................................................................114
12.9 System Operation Mode Overview ...................................................................................115
12.10 Sys Op Mode Screen .....................................................................................................116
Chapter 13
Troubleshooting.................................................................................................................... 119
13.1 Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs .......................................................................119
13.2 WAP3205 Access and Login ........................................................................................... 120
13.3 Internet Access ................................................................................................................ 122
13.4 Resetting the WAP3205 to Its Factory Defaults .............................................................. 123
13.5 Wireless Router/AP Troubleshooting ............................................................................... 124
Chapter 14
Product Specifications.........................................................................................................125
14.1 Wall-mounting Instructions .............................................................................................. 126
Part IV: Appendices and Index ........................................................... 129
Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions......................................131
Table of Contents
WAP3205 User’s Guide 15
Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting ...........................................................................139
Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address ...........................................................149
Appendix D Wireless LANs ..................................................................................................167
Appendix E Common Services.............................................................................................179
Appendix F Legal Information ..............................................................................................183
Index.......................................................................................................................................191
Table of Contents
WAP3205 User’s Guide
16
17
PART I
Introduction
Getting to Know Your WAP3205 (19)
Connection Wizard (25)
Introducing the Web Configurator (23)
WAP3205 Modes (33)
Monitor (29)
Tutorials (73)
18
WAP3205 User’s Guide 19
CHAPTER 1
Getting to Know Your WAP3205
1.1 Overview
This chapter introduces the main features and applications of the WAP3205.
The WAP3205 extends the range of your existing wired network without additional
wiring, providing easy network access to mobile users. You can set up a wireless
network with other IEEE 802.11b/g/n compatible devices.
1.2 Applications
Your can create the following networks using the WAP3205:
Wired. You can connect to a broadband modem/router for Internet access and/
or connect network devices via the Ethernet ports of the WAP3205 so that they
can communicate with each other and access the Internet.
Wireless. Wireless clients can connect to the WAP3205 to access network
resources.
Figure 1 WAP3205 Network
1.3 Ways to Manage the WAP3205
Use any of the following methods to manage the WAP3205.
Web Configurator. This is recommended for everyday management of the
WAP3205 using a (supported) web browser.
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP3205
WAP3205 User’s Guide
20
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) button. You can use the WPS button or the WPS
section of the Web Configurator to set up a wireless network with your ZyXEL
Device.
1.4 Good Habits for Managing the WAP3205
Do the following things regularly to make the WAP3205 more secure and to
manage the WAP3205 more effectively.
Change the password. Use a password that’s not easy to guess and that consists
of different types of characters, such as numbers and letters.
Write down the password and put it in a safe place.
Back up the configuration (and make sure you know how to restore it).
Restoring an earlier working configuration may be useful if the device becomes
unstable or even crashes. If you forget your password, you will have to reset the
WAP3205 to its factory default settings. If you backed up an earlier
configuration file, you would not have to totally re-configure the WAP3205. You
could simply restore your last configuration.
1.5 LEDs
Figure 2 Front Panel
The following table describes the LEDs and the WPS button.
Table 1 Front Panel LEDs and WPS Button
LED COLOR STATUS DESCRIPTION
POWER Green On The WAP3205 is receiving power and functioning
properly.
Off The WAP3205 is not receiving power.
LAN 1-2 Green On The WAP3205 has a successful 10/100MB
Ethernet connection.
Blinking The WAP3205 is sending/receiving data through
the LAN.
Off The LAN is not connected.
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP3205
WAP3205 User’s Guide 21
WLAN Green On The WAP3205 is ready, but is not sending/
receiving data through the wireless LAN.
Blinking The WAP3205 is sending/receiving data through
the wireless LAN.
Off The wireless LAN is not ready or has failed.
WPS Green On WPS is enabled.
Blinking The WAP3205 is negotiating a WPS connection
with a wireless client.
Off The wireless LAN is not ready or has failed.
Table 1 Front Panel LEDs and WPS Button
LED COLOR STATUS DESCRIPTION
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP3205
WAP3205 User’s Guide
22
WAP3205 User’s Guide 23
CHAPTER 2
Introducing the Web
Configurator
2.1 Overview
This chapter describes how to access the WAP3205 Web Configurator and provides
an overview of its screens.
The Web Configurator is an HTML-based management interface that allows easy
setup and management of the WAP3205 via Internet browser. Use Internet
Explorer 6.0 and later or Netscape Navigator 7.0 and later versions or Safari 2.0
or later versions. The recommended screen resolution is 1024 by 768 pixels.
In order to use the Web Configurator you need to allow:
Web browser pop-up windows from your device. Web pop-up blocking is enabled
by default in Windows XP SP (Service Pack) 2.
JavaScripts (enabled by default).
Java permissions (enabled by default).
Refer to the Troubleshooting chapter (Chapter 13 on page 119) to see how to
make sure these functions are allowed in Internet Explorer.
2.2 Accessing the Web Configurator
1Make sure your WAP3205 hardware is properly connected and prepare your
computer or computer network to connect to the WAP3205 (refer to the Quick
Start Guide).
2Launch your web browser.
3Type "http://192.168.1.2" as the website address.
Your computer must be in the same subnet in order to access this website
address.
Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator
WAP3205 User’s Guide
24
2.2.1 Login Screen
The Web Configurator initially displays the following login screen.
Figure 3 Login screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 2 Login screen
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Password Type "1234" (default) as the password.
Language Select the language you want to use to configure the Web
Configurator. Click Login.
This shows the current weather, either in celsius or fahrenheit, of the
city you specify in Section 2.2.3.1 on page 26.
This shows the time (hh:mm:ss) and date (yyyy:mm:dd) of the
timezone you select in Section 2.2.3.2 on page 27 or Section 12.5 on
page 109. The time is in 24-hour format, for example 15:00 is 3:00 PM.
Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator
WAP3205 User’s Guide 25
2.2.2 Password Screen
You should see a screen asking you to change your password (highly
recommended) as shown next.
Figure 4 Change Password Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Note: The management session automatically times out when the time period set in
the Administrator Inactivity Timer field expires (default five minutes; go to
Chapter 12 on page 107 to change this). Simply log back into the WAP3205 if
this happens.
2.2.3 Home Screen
If you have previously logged into the Web Configurator but did not click Logout,
you may be redirected to the Home screen.
You can also open this screen by clicking Home ( or ) in the Easy
Mode or Expert Mode screens.
Table 3 Change Password Screen
LABEL DESCRIPTION
New Password Type a new password.
Retype to
Confirm Retype the password for confirmation.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Ignore Click Ignore if you do not want to change the password this time.
Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator
WAP3205 User’s Guide
26
The Home screen displays as follows.
Figure 5 Home Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
2.2.3.1 Weather Edit
You can change the temperature unit and select the location for which you want to
know the weather.
Click the icon to change the Weather display.
Figure 6 Change Weather
Table 4 Home Screen
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Go Click this to open the Easy mode Web Configurator.
Language Select a language to go to the Easy mode Web Configurator in
that language and click Login.
(This is just an example). This shows the current weather, either in
celsius or fahrenheit, of the city you specify in Section 2.2.3.1 on page
26.
(This is just an example). This shows the time (hh:mm:ss) and date
(yyyy:mm:dd) of the timezone you select in Section 2.2.3.2 on page 27
or Section 12.5 on page 109.
Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator
WAP3205 User’s Guide 27
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
2.2.3.2 Time/Date Edit
One timezone can cover more than one country. You can choose a particular
country in which the WAP3205 is located and have the WAP3205 display and use
the current time and date for its logs.
Click the icon to change the Weather display.
Figure 7 Change Password Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Note: You can also edit the timezone in Section 12.5 on page 109.
2.3 Resetting the WAP3205
If you forget your password or IP address, or you cannot access the Web
Configurator, you will need to use the RESET button at the back of the WAP3205
to reload the factory-default configuration file. This means that you will lose all
configurations that you had previously saved, the password will be reset to “1234”
and the IP address will be reset to “192.168.1.2”.
Table 5 Change Weather
LABEL DESCRIPTION
oC or oF Choose which temperature unit you want the WAP3205 to
display.
Change
Location Select the location for which you want to know the weather. If
the city you want is not listed, choose one that is closest to it.
Finish Click this to apply the settings and refresh the date and time display.
Table 6 Change Password Screen
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Change time
zone Select the specific country whose current time and date you
want the WAP3205 to display.
Finish Click this to apply the settings and refresh the weather display.
Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator
WAP3205 User’s Guide
28
2.3.1 Procedure to Use the Reset Button
1Make sure the power LED is on.
2Press the RESET button for longer than 1 second to restart/reboot the WAP3205.
3Press the RESET button for longer than five seconds to set the WAP3205 back to
its factory-default configurations.
WAP3205 User’s Guide 29
CHAPTER 3
Monitor
3.1 Overview
This chapter discusses read-only information related to the device state of the
WAP3205.
Note: To access the Monitor screens, you can also click the links in the Summary
table of the Status screen to view the packets sent/received as well as the
status of clients connected to the WAP3205.
3.2 What You Can Do
•Use the Log screen (Section 3.3 on page 29) to view the logs for the categories
such as system maintenance, system errors, and so on.
•use the Packet Statistics screen (Section 3.4 on page 30) to view port status,
packet specific statistics, the "system up time" and so on.
•Use the WLAN Station Status screen (Section 3.5 on page 32) to view the
wireless stations that are currently associated to the WAP3205.
3.3 Log
Use the View Log screen to see the logged messages for the WAP3205.
Log entries in red indicate system error logs. The log wraps around and deletes
the old entries after it fills.
Chapter 3 Monitor
WAP3205 User’s Guide
30
Click Monitor > Log.
Figure 8 Monitor > Log
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
3.4 Packet Statistics
Click the Packet Statistics (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen or
Monitor > Packet Statistics. Read-only information here includes port status,
Table 7 Monitor > Log
LABEL DESCRIPTION
#This field is a sequential value and is not associated with a specific
entry.
Time This field displays the time the log was recorded.
Message This field states the reason for the log.
Refresh Click Refresh to renew the log screen.
Clear Click Clear to delete all the logs.
Chapter 3 Monitor
WAP3205 User’s Guide 31
packet specific statistics and the "system up time". The Poll Interval(s) field is
configurable and is used for refreshing the screen.
Figure 9 Summary: Packet Statistics
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 8 Summary: Packet Statistics
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Port This is the WAP3205’s port type.
Status For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or Down when the line
is disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the
WLAN is enabled and Down when the WLAN is disabled.
TxPkts This is the number of transmitted packets on this port.
RxPkts This is the number of received packets on this port.
Collisions This is the number of collisions on this port.
Tx B/s This displays the transmission speed in bytes per second on this port.
Rx B/s This displays the reception speed in bytes per second on this port.
Up Time This is the total time the WAP3205 has been for each session.
System Up Time This is the total time the WAP3205 has been on.
Poll Interval(s) Enter the time interval in seconds for refreshing statistics in this field.
Set Interval Click this button to apply the new poll interval you entered in the Poll
Interval(s) field.
Stop Click Stop to stop refreshing statistics.
Chapter 3 Monitor
WAP3205 User’s Guide
32
3.5 WLAN Station Status
Click the WLAN Station Status (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen or
Monitor > WLAN Station Status. View the wireless stations that are currently
associated to the WAP3205 in the Association List. Association means that a
wireless client (for example, your network or computer with a wireless network
card) has connected successfully to the AP (or wireless router) using the same
SSID, channel and security settings.
Note: This screen is not available when the WAP3205 is in Client mode.
Figure 10 Summary: Wireless Association List
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 9 Summary: Wireless Association List
LABEL DESCRIPTION
# This is the index number of an associated wireless station.
MAC Address This field displays the MAC address of an associated wireless station.
Association Time This field displays the time a wireless station first associated with the
WAP3205’s WLAN network.
Refresh Click Refresh to reload the list.
WAP3205 User’s Guide 33
CHAPTER 4
WAP3205 Modes
4.1 Overview
This chapter introduces the different modes available on your WAP3205. First, the
term “mode” refers to two things in this User’s Guide.
Web Configurator mode. This refers to the Web Configurator interface you
want to use for editing WAP3205 features.
Device mode. This is the operating mode of your WAP3205, or simply how the
WAP3205 is being used in the network.
4.1.1 Web Configurator Modes
This refers to the configuration interface of the Web Configurator, which has two
modes:
Easy. The Web Configurator shows this mode by default. Refer to Chapter 5 on
page 35 for more information on the screens in this mode. This interface may be
sufficient for users who just want to use the device.
Expert. Advanced users can change to this mode to customize all the functions
of the WAP3205. Click Expert Mode after logging into the Web Configurator.
The User’s Guide Chapter 2 on page 23 through Chapter 12 on page 107
discusses the screens in this mode.
4.1.2 Device Modes
This refers to the operating mode of the WAP3205, which can act as a:
Access Point. Use this mode if you want to extend your network by allowing
network devices to connect to the WAP3205 wirelessly. Go to Section 6.4 on
page 47 view the Status screen in this mode.
Client. Use this mode if there is an existing wireless router or access point in
the network to which you want to connect your local network. Go to Section 7.4
on page 55 to view the Status screen in this mode.
Chapter 4 WAP3205 Modes
WAP3205 User’s Guide
34
Universal Repeater. In this mode, the WAP3205 can be an access point and a
wireless client at the same time. Use this mode if there is an existing wireless
router or access point in your network and you also want to allow clients to
connect to the WAP3205 wirelessly. Go to Section 6.4 on page 47 to view the
Status screen in this mode.
The following figure is a simple illustration of the device configuration modes of
the WAP3205.
Figure 11 Device Mode Example
For more information on these modes and to change the mode of your WAP3205,
refer to Chapter 12 on page 115.
The menu for changing device modes is available in Expert mode only.
Note: Choose your Device Mode carefully to avoid having to change it later.
In Client mode, you should know the SSID and wireless security details of the
access point to which you want to connect.
WAP3205 User’s Guide 35
CHAPTER 5
Easy Mode
5.1 Overview
The Web Configurator is set to Easy Mode by default. You can configure several
key features of the WAP3205 in this mode. This mode is useful to users who are
not fully familiar with some features that are usually intended for network
administrators.
When you log in to the Web Configurator, the following screen opens.
Figure 12 Easy Mode: Network Map
Network Map
Control Panel
Go to
Status
Screen
Navigation Panel
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
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Click Status to open the following screen screen.
Figure 13 Easy Mode: Status Screen
5.2 What You Can Do
You can do the following in this mode:
•Use this Navigation Panel (Section 5.4 on page 37) to opt out of the Easy
mode.
•Use the Network Map screen (Section 5.5 on page 37) to check if your
WAP3205 can ping the gateway and whether it is connected to the Internet. The
Network Map screen is not applicable when the WAP3205 is in Client Mode.
•Use the Control Panel (Section 5.6 on page 38) to configure wireless security.
•Use the Status Screen screen (Section 5.7 on page 42) to view read-only
information about the WAP3205, including the LAN IP, MAC Address of the
WAP3205 and the firmware version.
5.3 What You Need to Know
The Network Map screen is not applicable and Wireless Security in the control
panel is not configurable when the WAP3205 is in Client mode.
Control Panel
Status Screen
Go to
Network
Map
Screen
Navigation Panel
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 37
5.4 Navigation Panel
Use this navigation panel to opt out of the Easy mode.
Figure 14 Control Panel
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
5.5 Network Map
Note: The Network MAP is viewable by Windows XP (need to install patch), Windows
Vista and Windows 7 users only. For Windows XP (Service Pack 2) users, you
can see the network devices connected to the WAP3205 by downloading the
LLTD (Link Layer Topology Discovery) patch from the Microsoft Website.
Note: Don’t worry if the Network Map does not display in your web browser. This
feature may not be supported by your system. You can still configure the
Control Panel (Section 5.6 on page 38) in the Easy Mode and the WAP3205
features that you want to use in the Expert Mode.
Note: The Network Map is not applicable when the WAP3205 is in Client Mode.
Table 10 Control Panel
ITEM DESCRIPTION
Home Click this to go to the Login page.
Expert Mode Click this to change to Expert mode and customize features of
the WAP3205.
Logout Click this to end the Web Configurator session.
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
38
When you log into the Web Configurator, the Network Map is shown as follows.
Figure 15 Network Map
The line connecting the WAP3205 to the gateway becomes green when the
WAP3205 is able to ping the gateway. It becomes red when the ping initiating
from the WAP3205 does not get a response from the gateway. The same rule
applies to the line connecting the gateway to the Internet.
You can also view the devices (represented by icons indicating the kind of network
device) connected to the WAP3205, including those connecting wirelessly. Right-
click on the WAP3205 icon to refresh the network map and go to the Wizard. Right
click on the other icons to view information about the device.
5.6 Control Panel
The features configurable in Easy Mode are shown in the Control Panel.
Figure 16 Control Panel
Click the feature to open a screen where you can edit its settings.
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 39
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
5.6.1 Wireless Security
Use this screen to configure security for your the Wireless LAN. You can enter the
SSID and select the wireless security mode in the following screen.
Note: Wireless Security in the control panel is not configurable when the WAP3205
is in Client Mode.
Figure 17 Wireless Security
Table 11 Control Panel
ITEM DESCRIPTION
Wireless Security Click this to configure the wireless security, such as SSID, security
mode and WPS key on your WAP3205.
Refer to Section 5.6.1 on page 39 to see this screen.
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
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The following table describes the general wireless LAN labels in this screen.
Table 12 Wireless Security
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless
Network
Name (SSID)
(Service Set IDentity) The SSID identifies the Service Set with which a
wireless station is associated. Wireless stations associating to the access
point (AP) must have the same SSID. Enter a descriptive name (up to 32
keyboard characters) for the wireless LAN.
The default SSID is WAP3205.
Security
mode Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK to add security on this wireless network.
The wireless clients which want to associate to this network must have
same wireless security settings as this device. After you select to use a
security, additional options appears in this screen.
Select No Security to allow any client to connect to this network without
authentication.
Wireless
password This field appears when you choose wither WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK as
the security mode.
Type a pre-shared key from 8 to 63 case-sensitive keyboard characters.
Verify
password Type the password again to confirm.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to close this screen.
WPS Click this to configure the WPS screen.
You can transfer the wireless settings configured here (Wireless Security
screen) to another wireless device that supports WPS.
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 41
5.6.2 WPS
Use this screen to add a wireless station to the network with the WAP3205’s first
SSID using WPS. Click WPS in the Wireless Security to open the following
screen.
Figure 18 Wireless Security: WPS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 13 Wireless Security: WPS
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless
Security Click this to go back to the Wireless Security screen.
WPS Create a secure wireless network simply by pressing the button.
The WAP3205 scans for a WPS-enabled device within the range and
performs wireless security information synchronization.
Note: After you click the WPS button on this screen, you have to
press a similar button in the wireless station utility within 2
minutes. To add the second wireless station, you have to
press these buttons on both device and the wireless station
again after the first 2 minutes.
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
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5.7 Status Screen in Easy Mode
In the Network Map screen, click Status to view read-only information about the
WAP3205.
Figure 19 Status Screen in Easy Mode
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Register Create a secure wireless network simply by entering a wireless client's
PIN (Personal Identification Number) in the WAP3205’s interface and
pushing this button.
Type the same PIN number generated in the wireless station’s utility.
Then click Register to associate to each other and perform the wireless
security information synchronization.
Exit Click Exit to close this screen.
Table 13 Wireless Security: WPS
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Table 14 Status Screen in Easy Mode
ITEM DESCRIPTION
Name This is the name of the WAP3205 in the network. You can change
this in the Maintenance > General screen in Section 12.3 on
page 108.
Time This is the current system date and time.
The date is in YYYY:MM:DD (Year-Month-Day) format. The time is
in HH:MM:SS (Hour:Minutes:Seconds) format.
LAN IP This is the IP address of the LAN port.
MAC Address This is the MAC address of the WAP3205.
Firmware Version This shows the firmware version of the WAP3205.
The firmware version format shows the trunk version, model code
and release number.
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 43
Wireless Network
Name (SSID) This shows the SSID of the wireless network. You can configure
this in the Wireless Security screen (Section 5.6.1 on page 39;
Section 10.3.1.1 on page 85).
Security This shows the wireless security used by the WAP3205.
Table 14 Status Screen in Easy Mode
ITEM DESCRIPTION
Chapter 5 Easy Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
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WAP3205 User’s Guide 45
CHAPTER 6
Access Point Mode
6.1 Overview
The WAP3205 is set to access point mode by default. In this mode your WAP3205
bridges a wired network (LAN) and wireless LAN (WLAN) in the same subnet. See
the figure below for an example.
Figure 20 Wireless Internet Access in Access Point Mode
Note: See Chapter 9 on page 73 for an example of setting up a wireless network in
Access Point mode.
6.2 What You Can Do
•Use the Status screen (Section 6.4 on page 47) to view read-only information
about your WAP3205.
•Use the LAN screen (Chapter 11 on page 101) to set the IP address for your
WAP3205 acting as an access point.
•Use the Wireless LAN screens (Chapter 10 on page 83) to configure the
wireless settings and wireless security between the wireless clients and the
WAP3205.
6.3 What You Need to Know
See Chapter 9 on page 73 for a tutorial on setting up a network with the
WAP3205 as an access point.
Chapter 6 Access Point Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
46
6.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to AP Mode
1Log into the Web Configurator if you haven’t already. See the Quick start Guide for
instructions on how to do this.
2To use your WAP3205 as an access point, go to Maintenance > Sys OP Mode
and select Access Point mode.
Figure 21 Changing to Access Point mode
Note: You have to log in to the Web Configurator again when you change modes. As
soon as you do, your WAP3205 is already in Access Point mode.
6.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Access Point Mode
Log in to the Web Configurator in Access Point mode, do the following:
1Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP3205.
2The default IP address of the WAP3205 is “192.168.1.2”. In this case, your
computer must have an IP address in the range between “192.168.1.3” and
“192.168.1.254”.
3Click Start > Run on your computer in Windows. Type “cmd” in the dialog box.
Enter “ipconfig” to show your computer’s IP address. If your computer’s IP
address is not in the correct range then see Appendix C on page 149 for
information on changing your computer’s IP address.
4After you’ve set your computer’s IP address, open a web browser such as Internet
Explorer and type “192.168.1.2” as the web address in your web browser.
Note: After clicking Login, the Easy mode appears. Refer to Section on page 35 for
the Easy mode screens. Change to Expert mode to see the screens described
in the sections following this.
Chapter 6 Access Point Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 47
6.3.3 Configuring your WLAN, LAN and Maintenance Settings
See Configuration (81) for information on the configuring your wireless network
and LAN settings.
See Maintenance and Troubleshooting (105) for information on configuring your
Maintenance settings.
6.4 AP Mode Status Screen
Click to open the Status screen.
Figure 22 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
The following table describes the icons shown in the Status screen.
Table 15 Status Screen Icon Key: Access Point Mode
ICON DESCRIPTION
Click this icon to view copyright and a link for related product information.
Click this icon to go to Easy Mode. See Chapter 5 on page 35.
Click this to go to the Home page. See Chapter 3 on page 29.
Chapter 6 Access Point Mode
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The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Select a number of seconds or None from the drop-down list box to refresh
all screen statistics automatically at the end of every time interval or to not
refresh the screen statistics.
Click this button to refresh the status screen statistics.
Click this icon to see the Status page. The information in this screen depends
on the device mode you select.
Click this icon to see the Monitor navigation menu.
Click this icon to see the Configuration navigation menu.
Click this icon to see the Maintenance navigation menu.
Table 15 Status Screen Icon Key: Access Point Mode (continued)
ICON DESCRIPTION
Table 16 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Logout Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
Host Name This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance > General
screen. It is for identification purposes.
Firmware Version This is the firmware version and the date created.
Sys OP Mode This is the device mode (Section 4.1.2 on page 33) to which the WAP3205
is set - Access Point Mode.
LAN Information
MAC Address This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
IP Address This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
IP Subnet Mask This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
Default Gateway This shows the gateway IP address.
DHCP This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Client or None.
WLAN Information
WLAN OP Mode This is the device mode (Section 4.1.2 on page 33) to which the
WAP3205’s wireless LAN is set - Access Point Mode.
MAC Address This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
Status This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON.
Name (SSID) This shows a descriptive name used to identify the WAP3205 in the
wireless LAN.
Channel This shows the channel number which you select manually or the
WAP3205 automatically scans and selects.
Operating Channel This shows the channel number which the WAP3205 is currently using
over the wireless LAN.
Security Mode This shows the level of wireless security the WAP3205 is using.
802.11 Mode This shows the wireless standard.
Chapter 6 Access Point Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 49
6.4.0.1 Navigation Panel
Use the menu in the navigation panel to configure WAP3205 features in Access
Point mode.
WPS This displays Configured when the WPS has been set up.
This displays Unconfigured if the WPS has not been set up.
Click the status to display Network > Wireless LAN > WPS screen.
Interface Status
Interface This displays the WAP3205 port types. The port types are: LAN and
WLAN.
Status For the LAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or Up (line is up
or connected).
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when
the WLAN is disabled.
Rate For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or N/A when the line is
disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the WLAN
is enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled.
System Status
Item This column shows the type of data the WAP3205 is recording.
Data This column shows the actual data recorded by the WAP3205.
System Up Time This is the total time the WAP3205 has been on.
Current Date/Time This field displays your WAP3205’s present date and time.
System Resource
CPU Usage This displays what percentage of the WAP3205’s processing ability is
currently used. When this percentage is close to 100%, the WAP3205 is
running at full load, and the throughput is not going to improve anymore.
If you want some applications to have more throughput, you should turn
off other applications (for example, using bandwidth management.
Memory Usage This shows what percentage of the heap memory the WAP3205 is using.
System Setting
Configuration Mode This shows the web configurator mode you are viewing - Expert.
Summary
Packet Statistics Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen
(Section 3.4 on page 30). Use this screen to view port status and packet
specific statistics.
WLAN Station Status Click Details... to go to the Monitor > WLAN Station Status screen
(Section 3.5 on page 32). Use this screen to view the wireless stations
that are currently associated to the WAP3205.
Table 16 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Chapter 6 Access Point Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
50
The following screen and table show the features you can configure in Access Point
mode.
Figure 23 Menu: Access Point Mode
The following table describes the sub-menus.
Table 17 Navigation Panel: Access Point Mode
LINK TAB FUNCTION
Status This screen shows the WAP3205’s general device, system
and interface status information. Use this screen to access
the wizard, and summary statistics tables.
MONITOR
Log Use this screen to view the list of activities recorded by
your WAP3205.
Packet
Statistics Use this screen to view port status and packet specific
statistics.
WLAN Station
Status Use this screen to view the wireless stations that are
currently associated to the WAP3205.
CONFIGURATION
Network
Chapter 6 Access Point Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 51
Wireless
LAN General Use this screen to configure general wireless LAN settings.
Security Use this screen to configure wireless security settings.
MAC Filter Use the MAC filter screen to configure the WAP3205 to
block access to devices or block the devices from
accessing the WAP3205.
Advanced This screen allows you to configure advanced wireless
settings.
QoS Use this screen to configure Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of
Service (WMM QoS). WMM QoS allows you to prioritize
wireless traffic according to the delivery requirements of
individual services.
WPS Use this screen to configure WPS.
WPS
Station Use this screen to add a wireless station using WPS.
Scheduling Use this screen to schedule the times the Wireless LAN is
enabled.
WDS Use this screen to set up Wireless Distribution System
(WDS) on your WAP3205.
LAN IP Use this screen to configure LAN IP address and subnet
mask.
IP Alias Use this screen to have the WAP3205 apply IP alias to
create LAN subnets.
MAINTENANCE
General Use this screen to view and change administrative settings
such as system and domain names.
Password Password
Setup Use this screen to change the password of your WAP3205.
Time Time
Setting Use this screen to change your WAP3205’s time and date.
Firmware
Upgrade Use this screen to upload firmware to your WAP3205.
Backup/
Restore Use this screen to backup and restore the configuration or
reset the factory defaults to your WAP3205.
Reset/
Restart Restart This screen allows you to reboot the WAP3205 without
turning the power off.
Sys OP
Mode This screen allows you to select whether your device acts
as an access point, wireless client or both at the same
time.
Table 17 Navigation Panel: Access Point Mode
LINK TAB FUNCTION
Chapter 6 Access Point Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
52
WAP3205 User’s Guide 53
CHAPTER 7
Client Mode
7.1 Overview
Your WAP3205 can act as a wireless client. In wireless client mode, it can connect
to an existing network via an access point. Use this mode if you already have an
access point or wireless router in your network.
In the example below, one WAP3205 (A) is configured as a wireless client and
another is used as an access point (B). The WAP3205 has two clients that need to
connect to the Internet. The WAP3205 wirelessly connects to the available access
point (B).
Figure 24 Wireless Client Mode
After the WAP3205 and the access point connect, the WAP3205 acquires its WAN
IP address from the access point. The clients of the WAP3205 can now surf the
Internet.
7.2 What You Can Do
•Use the Status screen (Section 7.4 on page 55) to view read-only information
about your WAP3205.
•Use the LAN screen (Chapter 11 on page 101) to set the IP address for your
WAP3205.
•Use the Wireless LAN screen (Section 7.5 on page 57) to associate your
WAP3205 (acting as a wireless client) with an existing access point.
A
B
Chapter 7 Client Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide
54
7.3 What You Need to Know
With the exception of the Wireless LAN screens, the LAN, Monitor,
Configuration and Maintainance screens in Client mode are similar to the ones
in Access Point Mode. See Chapter 11 on page 101 through Chapter 12 on page
107 of this User’s Guide.
7.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to Client Mode
1Log into the Web Configurator if you haven’t already. See the Quick start Guide for
instructions on how to do this.
2To set your WAP3205 to Client Mode, go to Maintenance > Sys OP Mode and
select Client Mode.
Figure 25 Changing to Client mode
Note: You have to log in to the Web Configurator again when you change modes. As
soon as you do, your WAP3205 is already in Client mode.
7.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Client Mode
To login to Web Configurator in Client mode, do the following:
1Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP3205.
2The default IP address of the WAP3205 is “192.168.1.2”. If you did not change
this, you can use the same IP address in Client mode. Open a web browser such
as Internet Explorer and type “192.168.1.2” as the web address in your web
browser.
If you changed the IP address of your WAP3205 while in Access Point mode, use
this IP address in Client mode. The Client mode IP address is always the same as
the Access Point mode IP adderss.
Note: After clicking Login, the Easy mode appears. Refer to Chapter 5 on page 35 for
the Easy mode screens. Click Expert Mode to see the screens described in the
sections following this.
Chapter 7 Client Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 55
7.4 Client Mode Status Screen
Click to open the status screen.
Figure 26 Status: Client Mode
The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Table 18 Status Screen: Client Mode
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Logout Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
Host Name This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance > General
screen. It is for identification purposes.
Firmware Version This is the firmware version and the date created.
Sys OP Mode This is the device mode (Section 4.1.2 on page 33) to which the WAP3205
is set - Client Mode.
LAN Information
MAC Address This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
IP Address This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
IP Subnet Mask This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
DHCP This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Client or None.
WLAN Information
WLAN OP Mode This is the device mode (Section 4.1.2 on page 33) to which the
WAP3205’s wireless LAN is set - Client Mode.
MAC Address This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
Chapter 7 Client Mode
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56
Status This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON.
Name (SSID) This shows a descriptive name used to identify the WAP3205 in the
wireless LAN.
Connect Status This shows whether or not the WAP3205 has successfully associated with
an access point - Connected or Disassociated.
802.11 Mode This shows the wireless standard.
WPS This displays Configured when the WPS has been set up.
This displays Unconfigured if the WPS has not been set up.
Click the status to display Network > Wireless LAN > WPS screen.
Interface Status
Interface This displays the WAP3205 port types. The port types are: LAN and
WLAN.
Status For the LAN and WAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or Up
(line is up or connected).
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when
the WLAN is disabled.
Rate For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or N/A when the line is
disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the WLAN
is enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled.
System Status
Item This column shows the type of data the WAP3205 is recording.
Data This column shows the actual data recorded by the WAP3205.
System Up Time This is the total time the WAP3205 has been on.
Current Date/Time This field displays your WAP3205’s present date and time.
System Resource
CPU Usage This displays what percentage of the WAP3205’s processing ability is
currently used. When this percentage is close to 100%, the WAP3205 is
running at full load, and the throughput is not going to improve anymore.
If you want some applications to have more throughput, you should turn
off other applications (for example, using bandwidth management.
Memory Usage This shows what percentage of the heap memory the WAP3205 is using.
System Setting
Configuration Mode This shows the web configurator mode you are viewing - Expert.
Summary
Packet Statistics Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen
(Section 3.4 on page 30). Use this screen to view port status and packet
specific statistics.
Table 18 Status Screen: Client Mode
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Chapter 7 Client Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 57
7.5 Wireless LAN Profile Screen
Use this screen to view the wireless LAN profile settings of your WAP3205. Go to
Configuration > Wireless LAN > Profile to open the following screen.
Figure 27 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 19 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Profile List
# Select a profile to remove, modify or enable it.
Profile This displays the name of the pre-configured profile.
indicates the profile is activated and the WAP3205 connects to the
specified wireless network.
indicates the profile is activated but the specified wireless network is
not available or the WAP3205 fails to associate with the wireless
network.
SSID This displays the SSID of the wireless network with which this profile
associates.
Channel This displays the channel number used by this profile. Auto means the
WAP3205 automatically scans for and selects an available channel.
Authentication This displays the authentication method used by this profile.
Encryption This displays the data encryption method used by this profile.
Network Type This displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad Hoc) of this
profile.
Add Click this button to create a new profile.
Delete Select a profile and click this button to remove it.
Edit Select a profile and click this button to modify it.
Activate Select a profile and click this button to enable it.
Note: You can activate only one profile at a time.
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7.5.1 Adding a New WLAN Profile
Use this screen to create a new wireless LAN profile for your WAP3205. Click the
Add button in the Configuration > Wireless LAN > Profile screen to open the
following screen.
Figure 28 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile > Add
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
7.5.1.1 No Security
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect does not use
encryption.
Figure 29 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: No Security
Table 20 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile > Add
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
Network
Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security
Security
Mode Select the security mode of the access point to which you want to connect.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Canel to go back to the previous screen.
Chapter 7 Client Mode
WAP3205 User’s Guide 59
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
7.5.1.2 Static WEP
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect to uses WEP
security mode.
Figure 30 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WEP
Table 21 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: No Security
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
Network
Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security
Security
Mode Select No Security in this field.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Canel to go back to the previous screen.
Chapter 7 Client Mode
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The following table describes the labels in this screen..
Table 22 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WEP
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
Network
Name (SSID) Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security
Security
Mode Select Static WEP to enable data encryption.
PassPhrase Enter a Passphrase (up to 26 printable characters) and click Generate.
A passphrase functions like a password. In WEP security mode, it is
further converted by the WAP3205 into a complicated string that is
referred to as the “key”. This key is requested from all devices
wishing to connect to a wireless network.
WEP
Encryption Select 64-bit WEP or 128-bit WEP.
This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to
use.
Authenticatio
n Method Select Open or Shared Key from the drop-down list box.
This field specifies whether the wireless clients have to provide the WEP
key to log into the wireless network. Keep this setting at Open unless you
want to force a key verification before communication between the
wireless client and the ZyXEL Device occurs.
Select Shared Key to force the clients to provide the WEP key prior to
communication.
ASCII Select this option in order to enter ASCII characters as WEP key.
Hex Select this option in order to enter hexadecimal characters as a WEP key.
The preceding "0x", that identifies a hexadecimal key, is entered
automatically.
Key 1 to Key
4The WEP keys are used to encrypt data. Both the WAP3205 and the
wireless stations must use the same WEP key for data transmission.
If you chose 64-bit WEP, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
If you chose 128-bit WEP, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
You must configure at least one key, only one key can be activated at any
one time. The default key is key 1.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Canel to go back to the previous screen.
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7.5.1.3 WPA(2)-PSK
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect uses WPA(2)-PSK
security mode.
Figure 31 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
The following table describes the labels in this screen. .
Table 23 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
Network Name
(SSID) Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security
Security Mode Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK to add strong security on this wireless
network.
Encryption Type Select the type of wireless encryption employed by the access point to
which you want to connect.
Pre-Shared Key WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK uses a simple common password for
authentication.
Type the pre-shared key employed by the access point to which you
want to connect.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Canel to go back to the previous screen.
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7.5.2 Site Survey Screen
Use this screen to scan for and connect to a wireless network automatically. Go to
Configuration > Wireless LAN > Site Survey to open the following screen.
Figure 32 Client Mode: WLAN > Site Survey
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 24 Client Mode: WLAN > Site Survey
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Station Site Survey
# Select a wireless device and click Add Profile to open a configuration
screen where you can add the selected wireless device to a profile and
then enable it.
SSID This displays the SSID of the wireless device.
indicates the wireless device is added to an activated profile and the
WAP3205 is connecting to it.
BSSID This displays the MAC address of the wireless device.
Signal
Strength This displays the strength of the wireless signal. The signal strength
mainly depends on the antenna output power and the distance between
your WAP3205 and this device.
Channel This displays the channel number used by this wireless device.
Encryption This displays the data encryption method used by this wireless device.
Authentication This displays the authentication method used by this wireless device.
Network Type This displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad Hoc) of this
wireless device.
Rescan Click this button to search for available wireless devices within
transmission range and update this table.
Add Profile Select a wireless device and click this button to add it to a profile.
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7.5.3 WPS Screen
Use this screen to enable Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) on the WAP3205. Go to
Configuration > Wireless LAN > WPS to open the following screen.
Figure 33 Client Mode: WLAN > WPS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 25 Client Mode: WLAN > WPS
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Station Site Survey
# Use the radio button to select the wireless device to which you want to
connect using WPS.
SSID This displays the SSID of the wireless device.
BSSID This displays the MAC address of the wireless device.
Signal
Strength This displays the strength of the wireless signal. The signal strength
mainly depends on the antenna output power and the distance between
your WAP3205 and this device.
Ch. This displays the channel number used by this wireless device.
Auth. This displays the authentication method used by this wireless device.
Encrypt This displays the data encryption method used by this wireless device.
Ver. This displays the firmware version running on the wireless device.
Status This displays Conf. (configured) when WPS has been set up on the
wireless device.
This displays Unconf. (unconfigured) if WPS has not been set up on the
wireless device.
PIN This displays the PIN number of the WAP3205.
Renew PIN Click this button to generate a new PIN and display it in the PIN field.
PIN Start Click this button to perform wireless security information synchronization
using the PIN configuration method.
PBC Start Click this button to perform wireless security information synchronization
using the Push Button Configuration (PBC) method.
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Stop Click this button to cancel wireless security information synchronization.
Rescan Click this button to search for available for WPS-enabled devices within
transmission range and update this table.
Table 25 Client Mode: WLAN > WPS (continued)
LABEL DESCRIPTION
WAP3205 User’s Guide 65
CHAPTER 8
Universal Repeater Mode
8.1 Overview
Your WAP3205 can act as an access point and wireless client at the same time. In
this mode, the WAP3205 can connect to an existing network through another
access point and also lets wireless clients connect to the network through it. This
helps you expand wireless coverage when you have an access point or wireless
router already in your network.
In the example below, the WAP3205 (A) is configured as a universal repeater. It
has three clients that want to connect to the Internet. The WAP3205 wirelessly
connects to the available access point (B).
Figure 34 Universal Repeater Mode
After the WAP3205 and the access point connect, the WAP3205 acquires its IP
address from the access point. The clients of the WAP3205 can now surf the
Internet.
8.2 What You Can Do
•Use the Status screen (Section 7.4 on page 55) to view read-only information
about your WAP3205.
•Use the LAN screen (Chapter 11 on page 101) to set the IP address for your
WAP3205.
•Use the Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater screen (Section 7.5 on page 57)
to configure the security between the WAP3205 and another access point.
AB
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•Use other Wireless LAN screens (Chapter 10 on page 83) to configure the
wireless settings and wireless security between the wireless clients and the
WAP3205.
8.3 What You Need to Know
With the exception of the Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater screen, other
configuration screens in Universal Repeater mode are similar to the ones in Access
Point Mode. See Chapter 11 on page 101 through Chapter 12 on page 107 of this
User’s Guide.
8.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to Universal Repeater Mode
1Log into the Web Configurator if you haven’t already. See the Quick start Guide for
instructions on how to do this.
2To set your WAP3205 to Universal Repeater Mode, go to Maintenance > Sys
OP Mode and select Universal Repeater Mode.
Figure 35 Changing to Universal Repeater mode
Note: You have to log in to the Web Configurator again when you change modes. As
soon as you do, your WAP3205 is already in Universal Repeater mode.
8.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Universal Repeater
Mode
To login to Web Configurator in Client mode, do the following:
1Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP3205.
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2The default IP address of the WAP3205 is “192.168.1.2”. If you did not change
this, you can use the same IP address in Universal Repeater mode. Open a web
browser such as Internet Explorer and type “192.168.1.2” as the web address in
your web browser.
If you changed the IP address of your WAP3205 while in Access Point mode, use
this IP address in Universal Repeater mode. The Universal Repeater mode IP
address is always the same as the Access Point mode IP adderss.
Note: After clicking Login, the Easy mode appears. Refer to Chapter 5 on page 35 for
the Easy mode screens. Click Expert Mode to see the screens described in the
sections following this.
8.4 Universal Repeater Mode Status Screen
Click to open the status screen.
Figure 36 Status: Universal Repeater Mode
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The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Table 26 Status Screen: Universal Repeater Mode
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Logout Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
Host Name This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance > General
screen. It is for identification purposes.
Firmware Version This is the firmware version and the date created.
Sys OP Mode This is the device mode (Section 4.1.2 on page 33) to which the WAP3205
is set - Universal Repeater Mode.
LAN Information
MAC Address This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
IP Address This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
IP Subnet Mask This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
DHCP This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Client or None.
WLAN Information
WLAN OP Mode This is the device mode (Section 4.1.2 on page 33) to which the
WAP3205’s wireless LAN is set - Universal Repeater Mode.
MAC Address This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
Status This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON.
Name (SSID) This shows a descriptive name used to identify the WAP3205 in the
wireless LAN.
Channel This shows the channel number which you select manually or the
WAP3205 automatically scans and selects.
Operating Channel This shows the channel number which the WAP3205 is currently using
over the wireless LAN.
Security Mode This shows the level of wireless security the WAP3205 is using.
802.11 Mode This shows the wireless standard.
WLAN Station Status This shows whether a wireless station is currently associated with the
WAP3205.
WPS This displays Configured when the WPS has been set up.
This displays Unconfigured if the WPS has not been set up.
Click the status to display Network > Wireless LAN > WPS screen.
Interface Status
Interface This displays the WAP3205 port types. The port types are: LAN and
WLAN.
Status For the LAN and WAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or Up
(line is up or connected).
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when
the WLAN is disabled.
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8.5 Universal Repeater Screen
Use this screen to enter the SSID and select the wireless security mode used by
the wireless device to which you want to connect. Go to Configuration >
Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater to open the Universal Repeater screen.
The screen varies depending on security mode.
Rate For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or N/A when the line is
disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the WLAN
is enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled.
System Status
Item This column shows the type of data the WAP3205 is recording.
Data This column shows the actual data recorded by the WAP3205.
System Up Time This is the total time the WAP3205 has been on.
Current Date/Time This field displays your WAP3205’s present date and time.
System Resource
CPU Usage This displays what percentage of the WAP3205’s processing ability is
currently used. When this percentage is close to 100%, the WAP3205 is
running at full load, and the throughput is not going to improve anymore.
If you want some applications to have more throughput, you should turn
off other applications (for example, using bandwidth management.
Memory Usage This shows what percentage of the heap memory the WAP3205 is using.
System Setting
Configuration Mode This shows the web configurator mode you are viewing - Expert.
Summary
Packet Statistics Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen
(Section 3.4 on page 30). Use this screen to view port status and packet
specific statistics.
WLAN Station Status Click Details... to go to the Monitor > WLAN Station Status screen
(Section 3.5 on page 32). Use this screen to view the wireless stations
that are currently associated to the WAP3205.
Table 26 Status Screen: Universal Repeater Mode
LABEL DESCRIPTION
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8.5.1 No Security
Figure 37 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: No
Security
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
8.5.2 Static WEP
Figure 38 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: Static
WEP
Table 27 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: No
Security
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Universal Repeater Parameters
SSID Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
MAC Address
(Optional) Enter the MAC address of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security Mode Select No Security if the access point to which you want to connect
does not use encryption.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 28 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: Static WEP
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Universal Repeater Parameters
SSID Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
MAC Address
(Optional) Enter the MAC address of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security Mode Select Static WEP if the access point to which you want to connect uses
WEP data encryption.
Encryption
Type Select Open or Shared Key from the drop-down list box.
This field specifies whether the wireless clients have to provide the WEP
key to log into the wireless network. Keep this setting at Open unless
you want to force a key verification before communication between the
wireless client and the ZyXEL Device occurs.
Select Shared Key to force the clients to provide the WEP key prior to
communication.
WEP Key
WEP Default
Key Select a default WEP key to use for data encryption.
WEP Key 1 ~
WEP Key 4 The WEP keys are used to encrypt data. Both the WAP3205 and the
access point must use the same WEP key for data transmission.
If you chose HEX, enter 10 or 26 hexadecimal characters in the range of
"A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" (for example, 11AA22BB33) for a 64-bit or 128-bit
WEP key respectively.
If you chose ASCII, enter any 5 or 13 ASCII characters (case sensitive)
ranging from "a-z", "A-Z" and "0-9" (for example, MyKey) for a 64-bit or
128-bit WEP key respectively.
You must configure at least one key, only one key can be activated at any
one time.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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8.5.3 WPA(2)-PSK
Figure 39 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: WPA(2)-
PSK
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 29 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: WPA(2)-
PSK
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Universal Repeater Parameters
SSID Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
MAC Address
(Optional) Enter the MAC address of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security Mode Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK if the access point to which you want to
connect uses WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK.
Encryption
Type Select the type of wireless encryption employed by the access point to
which you want to connect.
Pre-Shared
Key WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK uses a simple common password for
authentication.
Type the password employed by the access point to which you want to
connect.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
WAP3205 User’s Guide 73
CHAPTER 9
Tutorials
9.1 Overview
This chapter provides tutorials for your WAP3205 (in access point or universal
repeater mode) as follows:
Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point
Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS
Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS)
9.2 Connecting to the Internet from an Access
Point
This section gives you an example of how to set up an access point (AP) and
wireless client (a notebook (B), in this example) for wireless communication. B
can access the Internet through the access point (A) wirelessly.
Figure 40 Wireless Access Point Connection to the Internet
9.3 Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS
This section gives you an example of how to set up wireless network using WPS.
This example uses the WAP3205 as the AP and NWD-211AN as the wireless client
which connects to a notebook.
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Note: The wireless client must be a WPS-aware device (for example, a WPS USB
adapter or PCI card).
There are two WPS methods for creating a secure connection. This tutorial shows
you how to do both.
Push Button Configuration (PBC) - create a secure wireless network simply
by pressing a button. See Section 9.3.1 on page 74.This is the easier method.
PIN Configuration - create a secure wireless network simply by entering a
wireless client's PIN (Personal Identification Number) in the WAP3205’s
interface. See Section 9.3.2 on page 75. This is the more secure method, since
one device can authenticate the other.
9.3.1 Push Button Configuration (PBC)
1Make sure that your WAP3205 is turned on and that it is within range of your
computer.
2Make sure that you have installed the wireless client (this example uses the NWD-
211AN) driver and utility in your notebook.
3In the wireless client utility, find the WPS settings. Enable WPS and press the WPS
button (Start or WPS button)
4Log into WAP3205’s Web Configurator and press the Push Button button in the
Network > Wireless Client > WPS Station screen.
Note: Your WAP3205 has a WPS button located on its panel, as well as a WPS button
in its configuration utility. Both buttons have exactly the same function; you can
use one or the other.
Note: It doesn’t matter which button is pressed first. You must press the second
button within two minutes of pressing the first one.
The WAP3205 sends the proper configuration settings to the wireless client. This
may take up to two minutes. Then the wireless client is able to communicate with
the WAP3205 securely.
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WAP3205 User’s Guide 75
The following figure shows you an example to set up wireless network and security
by pressing a button on both WAP3205 and wireless client (the NWD-211AN in this
example).
Figure 41 Example WPS Process: PBC Method
9.3.2 PIN Configuration
When you use the PIN configuration method, you need to use both WAP3205’s
configuration interface and the client’s utilities.
1Launch your wireless client’s configuration utility. Go to the WPS settings and
select the PIN method to get a PIN number.
2Enter the PIN number to the PIN field in the Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
Station screen on the WAP3205.
3Click Start buttons (or button next to the PIN field) on both the wireless client
utility screen and the WAP3205’s WPS Station screen within two minutes.
The WAP3205 authenticates the wireless client and sends the proper configuration
settings to the wireless client. This may take up to two minutes. Then the wireless
client is able to communicate with the WAP3205 securely.
Wireless Client
SECURITY INFO
COMMUNICATION
WITHIN 2 MINUTES
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The following figure shows you the example to set up wireless network and
security on WAP3205 and wireless client (ex. NWD-211AN in this example) by
using PIN method.
Figure 42 Example WPS Process: PIN Method
Authentication by PIN
SECURITY INFO
WITHIN 2 MINUTES
Wireless Client
COMMUNICATION
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WAP3205 User’s Guide 77
9.4 Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security
(No WPS)
This example shows you how to configure wireless security settings with the
following parameters on your WAP3205.
Follow the steps below to configure the wireless settings on your WAP3205.
The instructions require that your hardware is connected (see the Quick Start
Guide) and you are logged into the Web Configurator through your LAN connection
(see Section 2.2 on page 23).
1Open the Wireless LAN > General screen in the AP’s Web Configurator.
2Enter SSID_Example3 as the SSID and select a channel or select Auto Channel
Selection to have the WAP3205 scans for and select an available channel
automatically. Click Apply.
Figure 43 Tutorial: Network > Wireless LAN > General
3Click the Security tab.
SSID SSID_Example3
Channel Auto
Security WPA-PSK
(Pre-Shared Key: ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey)
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4Select the SSID (SSID_Example3) for which you want to configure the security.
Set security mode to WPA-PSK and enter ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey in
the Pre-Shared Key field. Click Apply.
Figure 44 Tutorial: Network > Wireless LAN > Security
5Open the Status screen. Verify your wireless and wireless security settings under
Device Information and check if the WLAN connection is up under Interface
Status.
Figure 45 Tutorial: Checking Wireless Settings
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WAP3205 User’s Guide 79
9.4.1 Configure Your Notebook
Note: We use the ZyXEL NWD-211AN wireless adapter utility screens as an example
for the wireless client. The screens may vary for different models.
1The WAP3205 supports IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g and IEEE 802.11n wireless
clients. Make sure that your notebook or computer’s wireless adapter supports
one of these standards.
2Wireless adapters come with software sometimes called a “utility” that you install
on your computer. See your wireless adapter’s User’s Guide for information on
how to do that.
3After you’ve installed the utility, open it. If you cannot see your utility’s icon on
your screen, go to Start > Programs and click on your utility in the list of
programs that appears. The utility displays a list of APs within range, as shown in
the example screen below.
4Select SSID_Example3 and click Connect.
Figure 46 Connecting a Wireless Client to a Wireless Network t
5Select WPA-PSK and type the security key in the following screen. Click Next.
Figure 47 Security Settings
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6The Confirm Save window appears. Check your settings and click Save to
continue.
Figure 48 Confirm Save
7Check the status of your wireless connection in the screen below. If your wireless
connection is weak or you have no connection, see the Troubleshooting section of
this User’s Guide.
Figure 49 Link Status
If your connection is successful, open your Internet browser and enter http://
www.zyxel.com or the URL of any other web site in the address bar. If you are able
to access the web site, your wireless connection is successfully configured.
81
PART II
Configuration
Wireless LAN (83)
LAN (101)
82
WAP3205 User’s Guide 83
CHAPTER 10
Wireless LAN
10.1 Overview
This chapter discusses how to configure the wireless network settings in your
WAP3205. See the appendices for more detailed information about wireless
networks.
The following figure provides an example of a wireless network.
Figure 50 Example of a Wireless Network
The wireless network is the part in the blue circle. In this wireless network,
devices A and B are called wireless clients. The wireless clients use the access
point (AP) to interact with other devices (such as the printer) or with the Internet.
Your WAP3205 is the AP.
AB
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10.2 What You Can Do
•Use the General screen (Section 10.4 on page 87) to enter the SSID, enable
intra-BSS traffic and select the channel.
•Use the Security screen (Section 10.5 on page 88) to configure wireless
security between the WAP3205 and the wireless clients.
•Use the MAC Filter screen (Section 10.6 on page 92) to allow or deny wireless
stations based on their MAC addresses from connecting to the WAP3205.
•Use the Advanced screen (Section 10.7 on page 93) to configure wireless
advanced features, such as set the RTS/CTS Threshold and HT physical mode.
•Use the QoS screen (Section 10.8 on page 95) to enable Wifi MultiMedia Quality
of Service (WMMQoS). This allows the WAP3205 to automatically set priority
levels to services, such as e-mail, VoIP, chat, and so on.
•Use the WPS screen (Section 10.9 on page 95) to quickly set up a wireless
network with strong security, without having to configure security settings
manually.
•Use the WPS Station screen (Section 10.10 on page 97) to add a wireless
station using WPS.
•Use the Scheduling screen (Section 10.11 on page 97) to set the times your
wireless LAN is turned on and off.
•Use the WDS screen (Section 10.12 on page 99) to configure Wireless
Distribution System on your WAP3205.
10.3 What You Should Know
Every wireless network must follow these basic guidelines.
Every wireless client in the same wireless network must use the same SSID.
The SSID is the name of the wireless network. It stands for Service Set IDentity.
If two wireless networks overlap, they should use different channels.
Like radio stations or television channels, each wireless network uses a specific
channel, or frequency, to send and receive information.
Every wireless client in the same wireless network must use security compatible
with the AP.
Security stops unauthorized devices from using the wireless network. It can also
protect the information that is sent in the wireless network.
10.3.1 Wireless Security Overview
The following sections introduce different types of wireless security you can set up
in the wireless network.
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10.3.1.1 SSID
Normally, the AP acts like a beacon and regularly broadcasts the SSID in the area.
You can hide the SSID instead, in which case the AP does not broadcast the SSID.
In addition, you should change the default SSID to something that is difficult to
guess.
This type of security is fairly weak, however, because there are ways for
unauthorized devices to get the SSID. In addition, unauthorized devices can still
see the information that is sent in the wireless network.
10.3.1.2 MAC Address Filter
Every wireless client has a unique identification number, called a MAC address.1 A
MAC address is usually written using twelve hexadecimal characters2; for
example, 00A0C5000002 or 00:A0:C5:00:00:02. To get the MAC address for each
wireless client, see the appropriate User’s Guide or other documentation.
You can use the MAC address filter to tell the AP which wireless clients are allowed
or not allowed to use the wireless network. If a wireless client is allowed to use the
wireless network, it still has to have the correct settings (SSID, channel, and
security). If a wireless client is not allowed to use the wireless network, it does not
matter if it has the correct settings.
This type of security does not protect the information that is sent in the wireless
network. Furthermore, there are ways for unauthorized devices to get the MAC
address of an authorized wireless client. Then, they can use that MAC address to
use the wireless network.
10.3.1.3 Encryption
Wireless networks can use encryption to protect the information that is sent in the
wireless network. Encryption is like a secret code. If you do not know the secret
code, you cannot understand the message.
1. Some wireless devices, such as scanners, can detect wireless networks but cannot use wireless networks.
These kinds of wireless devices might not have MAC addresses.
2. Hexadecimal characters are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F.
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The types of encryption you can choose depend on the type of user
authentication.
Usually, you should set up the strongest encryption that every wireless client in
the wireless network supports. Suppose the wireless network has two wireless
clients. Device A only supports WEP, and device B supports WEP and WPA-PSK.
Therefore, you should set up WEP in the wireless network.
Note: It is recommended that wireless networks use WPA-PSK or stronger
encryption. IEEE 802.1x and WEP encryption are better than none at all, but it
is still possible for unauthorized devices to figure out the original information
pretty quickly.
When you select WPA2-PSK in your WAP3205, you can also select an option
(WPA Compatible) to support WPA as well. In this case, if some wireless clients
support WPA and some support WPA2, you should set up WPA2-PSK (depending
on the type of wireless network login) and select the WPA Compatible option in
the WAP3205.
Many types of encryption use a key to protect the information in the wireless
network. The longer the key, the stronger the encryption. Every wireless client in
the wireless network must have the same key.
10.3.1.4 WPS
WiFi Protected Setup (WPS) is an industry standard specification, defined by the
WiFi Alliance. WPS allows you to quickly set up a wireless network with strong
security, without having to configure security settings manually. Depending on the
devices in your network, you can either press a button (on the device itself, or in
its configuration utility) or enter a PIN (Personal Identification Number) in the
devices. Then, they connect and set up a secure network by themselves. See how
to set up a secure wireless network using WPS in the Section 9.3 on page 73.
10.3.1.5 WDS
Wireless Distribution System or WDS security is used between bridged APs. It is
independent of the security between the wired networks and their respective APs.
If you do not enable WDS security, traffic between APs is not encrypted. When
WDS security is enabled, both APs must use the same pre-shared key.
Table 30 Types of Encryption for Each Type of Authentication
NO AUTHENTICATION
Weakest No Security
WEP
WPA-PSK
Strongest WPA2-PSK
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10.4 General Wireless LAN Screen
Use this screen to enter the SSID, select the channel and enable intra-BSS traffic.
Note: If you are configuring the WAP3205 from a computer connected to the wireless
LAN and you change the WAP3205’s SSID, channel or security settings, you
will lose your wireless connection when you press Apply to confirm. You must
then change the wireless settings of your computer to match the WAP3205’s
new settings.
Click Network > Wireless LAN to open the General screen.
Figure 51 Network > Wireless LAN > General
The following table describes the general wireless LAN labels in this screen.
Table 31 Network > Wireless LAN > General
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Wireless LAN This is turned on by default.
The current wireless state is reflected in this field.
Network
Name(SSID)
or
Name(SSID1
~3)
The SSID (Service Set IDentity) identifies the Service Set with which a
wireless client is associated. Enter a descriptive name (up to 32 printable
characters found on a typical English language keyboard) for the wireless
LAN.
You can configure up to four SSIDs to enable multiple BSSs (Basic Service
Sets) on the WAP3205. This allows you to use one access point to provide
several BSSs simutaneously. You can then assign varying security types to
different SSIDs. Wireless clients can use different SSIDs to associate with
the same access point.
Hide SSID Select this check box to hide the SSID in the outgoing beacon frame so a
wireless client cannot obtain the SSID through scanning using a site
survey tool.
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10.5 Wireless Security Screen
Use this screen to select the wireless security mode for each SSID. Click Network
> Wireless LAN > Security to open the Security screen. The screen varies
depending on what you select in the Security Mode field.
10.5.1 No Security
Select No Security to allow wireless clients to communicate with the access
points without any data encryption.
Enable
Intra-BSS
Traffic
A Basic Service Set (BSS) exists when all communications between
wireless clients or between a wireless client and a wired network client go
through one access point (AP).
Intra-BSS traffic is traffic between wireless clients in the BSS. When Intra-
BSS is enabled, wireless clients can access the wired network and
communicate with each other. When Intra-BSS is disabled, wireless clients
can still access the wired network but cannot communicate with each
other.
Channel
Selection Set the operating frequency/channel depending on your particular region.
Select a channel from the drop-down list box. The options vary depending
on the frequency band and the country you are in.
This option is only available if Auto Channel Selection is disabled.
Auto
Channel
Selection
Select the check box to have the WAP3205 automatically scan for and
select a channel which is not used by another device.
Operating
Channel This displays the channel the WAP3205 is currently using.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Table 31 Network > Wireless LAN > General
LABEL DESCRIPTION
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Note: If you do not enable any wireless security on your WAP3205, your network is
accessible to any wireless networking device that is within range.
Figure 52 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: No Security
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
10.5.2 WEP Encryption
WEP encryption scrambles the data transmitted between the wireless stations and
the access points to keep network communications private. It encrypts unicast
and multicast communications in a network. Both the wireless stations and the
access points must use the same WEP key.
Your WAP3205 allows you to configure up to four 64-bit or 128-bit WEP keys but
only one key can be enabled at any one time.
Table 32 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: No Security
LABEL DESCRIPTION
SSID Select the SSID for which you want to configure the security.
Security
Mode Choose No Security from the drop-down list box.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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Select Static WEP from the Security Mode list.
Figure 53 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP
The following table describes the wireless LAN security labels in this screen.
Table 33 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP
LABEL DESCRIPTION
SSID Select the SSID for which you want to configure the security.
Security
Mode Select Static WEP to enable data encryption.
PassPhrase Enter a Passphrase (up to 26 printable characters) and click Generate.
A passphrase functions like a password. In WEP security mode, it is further
converted by the WAP3205 into a complicated string that is referred to as
the “key”. This key is requested from all devices wishing to connect to a
wireless network.
WEP
Encryption Select 64-bits or 128-bits.
This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to
use.
Authenticatio
n Method Select Auto or Shared Key from the drop-down list box.
This field specifies whether the wireless clients have to provide the WEP
key to login to the wireless client. Keep this setting at Auto unless you
want to force a key verification before communication between the
wireless client and the WAP3205 occurs.
Select Shared Key to force the clients to provide the WEP key prior to
communication.
ASCII Select this option in order to enter ASCII characters as WEP key.
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10.5.3 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK from the Security Mode list.
Figure 54 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Hex Select this option in order to enter hexadecimal characters as a WEP key.
The preceding "0x", that identifies a hexadecimal key, is entered
automatically.
Key 1 to Key
4The WEP keys are used to encrypt data. Both the WAP3205 and the
wireless stations must use the same WEP key for data transmission.
If you chose 64-bit WEP, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
If you chose 128-bit WEP, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
You must configure at least one key, only one key can be activated at any
one time. The default key is key 1.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Table 33 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Table 34 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
LABEL DESCRIPTION
SSID Select the SSID for which you want to configure the security.
Security Mode Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK to enable data encryption.
WPA
Compatible This field appears when you choose WPA2-PSK as the Security Mode.
Check this field to allow wireless devices using WPA-PSK security
mode to connect to your WAP3205.
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10.6 MAC Filter
The MAC filter screen allows you to configure the WAP3205 to give exclusive
access to devices (Allow) or exclude devices from accessing the WAP3205 (Deny).
Every Ethernet device has a unique MAC (Media Access Control) address. The MAC
address is assigned at the factory and consists of six pairs of hexadecimal
characters, for example, 00:A0:C5:00:00:02. You need to know the MAC address
of the devices to configure this screen.
To change your WAP3205’s MAC filter settings, click Network > Wireless LAN >
MAC Filter. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 55 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter
The following table describes the labels in this menu.
Pre-Shared Key WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses a simple common password for
authentication.
Type a pre-shared key from 8 to 63 case-sensitive keyboard characters.
Group Key
Update Timer The Group Key Update Timer is the rate at which the AP sends a new
group key out to all clients.
The default is 3600 seconds (60 minutes).
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Table 34 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Table 35 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Access Policy
SSID Select the SSID for which you want to configure MAC filtering.
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10.7 Wireless LAN Advanced Screen
Use this screen to allow wireless advanced features, such as the output power,
RTS/CTS Threshold and high-throughput physical mode settings.
Click Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 56 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced
Policy Define the filter action for the list of MAC addresses in the MAC Address
table.
Select Disable to deactivate the MAC filtering rule you configure below.
Select Allow to permit access to the WAP3205, MAC addresses not listed
will be denied access to the WAP3205.
Select Reject to block access to the WAP3205, MAC addresses not listed
will be allowed to access the WAP3205
Add a
station Mac
Address
Enter the MAC addresses of the wireless station that are allowed or denied
access to the WAP3205 in these address fields. Enter the MAC addresses in
a valid MAC address format, that is, six hexadecimal character pairs, for
example, 12:34:56:78:9a:bc. Click Add.
MAC Filter Summary
Delete Click the delete icon to remove the MAC address from the list.
MAC
Address This is the MAC address of the wireless station that are allowed or denied
access to the WAP3205.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Table 35 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter
LABEL DESCRIPTION
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 36 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced
LABEL DESCRIPTION
RTS/CTS
Threshold Data with its frame size larger than this value will perform the RTS
(Request To Send)/CTS (Clear To Send) handshake.
Enter a value between 256 and 2432.
Fragmentatio
n Threshold The threshold (number of bytes) for the fragmentation boundary for
directed messages. It is the maximum data fragment size that can be
sent. Enter an even number between 256 and 2346.
Output Power Set the output power of the WAP3205 in this field. If there is a high
density of APs in an area, decrease the output power of the WAP3205 to
reduce interference with other APs. Select one of the following 100%,
90%, 75%, 50%, 25% or 10%. See the product specifications for
more information on your WAP3205’s output power.
Network
Mode Select 11b only to allow only IEEE 802.11b compliant WLAN devices to
associate with the WAP3205.
Select 11g only to allow only IEEE 802.11g compliant WLAN devices to
associate with the WAP3205.
Select 11 b/g mixed mode to allow both IEEE802.11b and IEEE802.11g
compliant WLAN devices to associate with the WAP3205. The transmission
rate of your WAP3205 might be reduced.
Select 11 b/g/n mixed mode to allow both IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g
and IEEE802.11n compliant WLAN devices to associate with the WAP3205.
The transmission rate of your WAP3205 might be reduced.
HT (High Throughput) Physical Mode - Use the fields below to configure the 802.11
wireless environment of your WAP3205.
Operating
Mode Choose this according to the wireless mode(s) used in your network.
Mixed - Select this if the wireless clients in your network use different
wireless modes (for example, IEEE 802.11b/g and IEEE 802.1n modes)
Green - Select this if the wireless clients in your network uses only one
type of wireless mode (for example, IEEEE 802.11 n only)
Channel
Bandwidth Select the channel bandwidth you want to use for your wireless network.
It is recommended that you select 20/40 (20/40 MHz).
Select 20 MHz if you want to lessen radio interference with other wireless
devices in your neighborhood.
Guard
Interval Select Auto to increase data throughput. However, this may make data
transfer more prone to errors.
Select Long to prioritize data integrity. This may be because your wireless
network is busy and congested or the WAP3205 is located in an
environment prone to radio interference.
Extension
Channel This is set to Auto by default.
If you select 20/40 as your Channel Bandwidth, the extension channel
enables the WAP3205 to get higher data throughput. This also lowers
radio interference and traffic.
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10.8 Quality of Service (QoS) Screen
The QoS screen allows you to automatically give a service (such as VoIP and
video) a priority level.
Click Network > Wireless LAN > QoS. The following screen appears.
Figure 57 Network > Wireless LAN > QoS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
10.9 WPS Screen
Use this screen to enable/disable WPS, view or generate a new PIN number and
check current WPS status. To open this screen, click Network > Wireless LAN >
WPS tab.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Table 36 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Table 37 Network > Wireless LAN > QoS
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Enable WMM QoS Check this to have the WAP3205 automatically give a service a
priority level according to the ToS value in the IP header of packets
it sends. WMM QoS (Wifi MultiMedia Quality of Service) gives high
priority to voice and video, which makes them run more smoothly.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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Note: With WPS, wireless clients can only connect to the wireless network using the
first SSID on the WAP3205.
Figure 58 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 38 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
LABEL DESCRIPTION
WPS Setup
Enable WPS Select this to enable the WPS feature.
PIN Number This displays a PIN number last time system generated. Click Generate
to generate a new PIN number.
Status
Status This displays Configured when the WAP3205 has connected to a
wireless network using WPS or when Enable WPS is selected and
wireless or wireless security settings have been changed. The current
wireless and wireless security settings also appear in the screen.
This displays Unconfigured if WPS is disabled and there are no
wireless or wireless security changes on the WAP3205 or you click
Release_Configuration to remove the configured wireless and
wireless security settings.
Release
Configuration This button is only available when the WPS status displays Configured.
Click this button to remove all configured wireless and wireless security
settings for WPS connections on the WAP3205.
802.11 Mode This is the 802.11 mode used. Only compliant WLAN devices can
associate with the WAP3205.
SSID This is the name of the wireless network (the WAP3205’s first SSID).
Security This is the type of wireless security employed by the network.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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10.10 WPS Station Screen
Use this screen when you want to add a wireless station using WPS. To open this
screen, click Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station tab.
Note: After you click Push Button on this screen, you have to press a similar button
in the wireless station utility within 2 minutes. To add the second wireless
station, you have to press these buttons on both device and the wireless station
again after the first 2 minutes.
Figure 59 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
10.11 Scheduling Screen
Use this screen to set the times your wireless LAN is turned on and off. Wireless
LAN scheduling is disabled by default. The wireless LAN can be scheduled to turn
Table 39 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Push Button Use this button when you use the PBC (Push Button Configuration)
method to configure wireless stations’s wireless settings. See Section
9.3.1 on page 74.
Click this to start WPS-aware wireless station scanning and the wireless
security information synchronization.
Or input
station’s PIN
number
Use this button when you use the PIN Configuration method to
configure wireless station’s wireless settings. See Section 9.3.2 on page
75.
Type the same PIN number generated in the wireless station’s utility.
Then click Start to associate to each other and perform the wireless
security information synchronization.
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on or off on certain days and at certain times. To open this screen, click Network
> Wireless LAN > Scheduling tab.
Figure 60 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 40 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Wireless LAN Scheduling
Enable Wireless
LAN Scheduling Select this to enable Wireless LAN scheduling.
Scheduling
WLAN Status Select On or Off to specify whether the Wireless LAN is turned on or off.
This field works in conjunction with the Day and For the following
times fields.
Day Select Everyday or the specific days to turn the Wireless LAN on or off.
If you select Everyday you can not select any specific days. This field
works in conjunction with the For the following times field.
For the
following times
(24-Hour
Format)
Select a begin time using the first set of hour and minute (min) drop
down boxes and select an end time using the second set of hour and
minute (min) drop down boxes. If you have chosen On earlier for the
WLAN Status the Wireless LAN will turn on between the two times you
enter in these fields. If you have chosen Off earlier for the WLAN Status
the Wireless LAN will turn off between the two times you enter in these
fields.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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10.12 WDS Screen
A Wireless Distribution System (WDS) is a wireless connection between two or
more APs. Use this screen to set the operating mode of your WAP3205 to AP +
Bridge or Bridge and establish wireless links with other APs. You need to know
the MAC address of the peer device, which also must be in bridge mode.
Note: You must enable the same wireless security settings on the WAP3205 and on
all wireless clients that you want to associate with it.
Click Network > Wireless LAN > WDS tab. The following screen opens with the
Basic Setting set to Disabled, and Security Mode set to No Security.
Figure 61 Network > Wireless LAN > WDS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 41 Network > Wireless LAN > WDS
LABEL DESCRIPTION
WDS Setup
Basic Settings Select the operating mode for your WAP3205.
Disable - The WAP3205 works as an access point only and cannot
establish wireless links with other APs.
AP + Bridge - The WAP3205 functions as a bridge and access point
simultaneously.
Bridge - The WAP3205 acts as a wireless network bridge and
establishes wireless links with other APs.
You need to know the MAC address of the peer device, which also must
be in bridge mode. The WAP3205 can establish up to five wireless links
with other APs.
Local MAC
Address This is the MAC address of your WAP3205.
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Phy Mode Select the Phy mode you want the WAP3205 to use. This dictates the
maximum size of packets during data transmission.
This field is not available when you select Disable in the Basic Setting
field.
Remote MAC
Address This is the MAC address of the peer device that your WAP3205 wants to
make a bridge connection with.
You can connect to up to 4 peer devices.
Security
EncrypType Select whether to use WEP, TKIP or AES encryption for your WDS
connection in this field.
Otherwise, select No Security.
EncrypKey The Encryp key is used to encrypt data. Peers must use the same key
for data transmission.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes to WAP3205.
Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Table 41 Network > Wireless LAN > WDS
LABEL DESCRIPTION
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CHAPTER 11
LAN
11.1 Overview
This chapter describes how to configure LAN settings.
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many
computers are attached. A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate
area, usually the same building or floor of a building. The LAN screens can help
you configure a LAN DHCP server, manage IP addresses, and partition your
physical network into logical networks.
Figure 62 LAN Example
The LAN screens can help you manage IP addresses.
11.2 What You Can Do
•Use the IP screen (Section 11.4 on page 103) to change the IP address for your
WAP3205 and DNS server information.
•Use the IP Alias screen (Section 11.5 on page 104) to have the WAP3205 apply
IP alias to create LAN subnets.
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11.3 What You Need To Know
There are two separate IP networks, one inside the LAN network and the other
outside the WAN network as shown next.
Figure 63 LAN and WAN IP Addresses
The LAN parameters of the WAP3205 are preset in the factory with the following
values:
IP address of 192.168.1.2 with subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
11.3.1 LAN TCP/IP
The WAP3205 has built-in DHCP server capability that assigns IP addresses and
DNS servers to systems that support DHCP client capability.
11.3.2 IP Alias
IP alias allows you to partition a physical network into different logical networks
over the same Ethernet interface. The WAP3205 supports three logical LAN
interfaces via its single physical Ethernet interface with the WAP3205 itself as the
gateway for each LAN network.
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11.4 LAN IP Screen
Use this screen to change the IP address for your WAP3205. Click Network >
LAN > IP.
Figure 64 Network > LAN > IP
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 42 Network > LAN > IP
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Get from DHCP
Server Click this to deploy the WAP3205 as an access point in the network.
When you enable this, the WAP3205 gets its IP address from the
network’s DHCP server (for example, your ISP or router). Users
connected to the WAP3205 can now access the network (i.e., the
Internet if the IP address is given by the ISP or a router with Internet
access).
The Web Configurator may no longer be accessible unless you know
the IP address assigned by the DHCP server to the WAP3205.
Otherwise, you need to reset the WAP3205 to be able to access the
Web Configurator again (see Section 12.7 on page 113 for details on
how to reset the WAP3205).
Also when you select this, you cannot enter an IP address for your
WAP3205 in the field below.
Use Defined LAN
IP Address Click this if you want to specify the IP address of your WAP3205. Or if
your ISP or network administrator gave you a static IP address to
access the network or the Internet.
IP Address Type the IP address in dotted decimal notation. The default setting is
192.168.1.2. If you change the IP address you will have to log in again
with the new IP address.
IP Subnet Mask The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP
address. Your WAP3205 will automatically calculate the subnet mask
based on the IP address that you assign. Unless you are implementing
subnetting, use the subnet mask computed by the WAP3205.
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11.5 IP Alias Screen
Use this screen to have the WAP3205 apply IP alias to create LAN subnets. Click
LAN > IP Alias.
Figure 65 Network > LAN > IP Alias
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Gateway IP
Address Enter a gateway IP address (if your ISP or network administrator gave
you one) in this field.
DNS Assignment
First DNS Server
Second DNS
Server
Select From ISP if your ISP or router to which the WAP3205 connects
dynamically assigns DNS server information (and the WAP3205's WAN
IP address). The field to the right displays the (read-only) DNS server
IP address that the ISP assigns.
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server. Enter
the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do not
configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a computer
in order to access it.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
Table 42 Network > LAN > IP
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Table 43 Network > LAN > IP Alias
LABEL DESCRIPTION
IP Alias Check this to enable IP alias.
IP Address Type the IP alias address of your WAP3205 in dotted decimal notation.
IP Subnet Mask The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP
address. Your WAP3205 will automatically calculate the subnet mask
based on the IP address that you assign. Unless you are implementing
subnetting, use the subnet mask computed by the WAP3205.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
105
PART III
Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
Maintenance (107)
Troubleshooting (119)
106
WAP3205 User’s Guide 107
CHAPTER 12
Maintenance
12.1 Overview
This chapter provides information on the Maintenance screens.
12.2 What You Can Do
•Use the General screen (Section 12.3 on page 108) to set the timeout period of
the management session.
•Use the Password screen (Section 12.4 on page 108) to change your
WAP3205’s system password.
•Use the Time screen (Section 12.5 on page 109) to change your WAP3205’s
time and date.
•Use the Firmware Upgrade screen (Section 12.6 on page 111) to upload
firmware to your WAP3205.
•Use the Backup/Restore screen (Section 12.8 on page 114) to view
information related to factory defaults, backup configuration, and restoring
configuration.
•Use the Reset/Restart screen (Section 12.8 on page 114) to reboot the
WAP3205 without turning the power off.
•Use the Sys OP Mode screen (Section 12.10 on page 116) to select how you
want to use your WAP3205.
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12.3 General Screen
Use this screen to set the management session timeout period. Click
Maintenance > General. The following screen displays.
Figure 66 Maintenance > General
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
12.4 Password Screen
It is strongly recommended that you change your WAP3205's password.
If you forget your WAP3205's password (or IP address), you will need to reset the
device. See Section 12.8 on page 114 for details
Click Maintenance > Password.
Figure 67 Maintenance > Password
Table 44 Maintenance > General
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Administrator
Inactivity Timer Type how many minutes a management session can be left idle before
the session times out. The default is 5 minutes. After it times out you
have to log in with your password again. Very long idle timeouts may
have security risks. A value of "0" means a management session never
times out, no matter how long it has been left idle (not
recommended).
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
12.5 Time Setting Screen
Use this screen to configure the WAP3205’s time based on your local time zone. To
change your WAP3205’s time and date, click Maintenance > Time. The screen
appears as shown.
Figure 68 Maintenance > Time
Table 45 Maintenance > Password
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Password Setup Change your WAP3205’s password (recommended) using the fields as
shown.
Old Password Type the default password or the existing password you use to access
the system in this field.
New Password Type your new system password (up to 30 characters). Note that as
you type a password, the screen displays an asterisk (*) for each
character you type.
Retype to Confirm Type the new password again in this field.
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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he following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 46 Maintenance > Time
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Current Time and Date
Current Time This field displays the time of your WAP3205.
Each time you reload this page, the WAP3205 synchronizes the time
with the time server.
Current Date This field displays the date of your WAP3205.
Each time you reload this page, the WAP3205 synchronizes the date
with the time server.
Current Time and Date
Manual Select this radio button to enter the time and date manually. If you
configure a new time and date, Time Zone and Daylight Saving at the
same time, the new time and date you entered has priority and the
Time Zone and Daylight Saving settings do not affect it.
New Time
(hh:mm:ss)
This field displays the last updated time from the time server or the
last time configured manually.
When you select Manual, enter the new time in this field and then
click Apply.
New Date
(yyyy/mm/dd)
This field displays the last updated date from the time server or the
last date configured manually.
When you select Manual, enter the new date in this field and then
click Apply.
Get from Time
Server Select this radio button to have the WAP3205 get the time and date
from the time server you specified below.
Auto Select Auto to have the WAP3205 automatically search for an
available time server and synchronize the date and time with the time
server after you click Apply.
User Defined
Time Server
Address
Select User Defined Time Server Address and enter the IP
address or URL (up to 20 extended ASCII characters in length) of
your time server. Check with your ISP/network administrator if you
are unsure of this information.
Time Zone Setup
Time Zone Choose the time zone of your location. This will set the time
difference between your time zone and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Daylight Savings Daylight saving is a period from late spring to early fall when many
countries set their clocks ahead of normal local time by one hour to
give more daytime light in the evening.
Select this option if you use Daylight Saving Time.
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12.6 Firmware Upgrade Screen
Find firmware at www.zyxel.com in a file that (usually) uses the system model
name with a “*.bin” extension, e.g., “WAP3205.bin”. The upload process uses
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and may take up to two minutes. After a
successful upload, the system will reboot.
Start Date Configure the day and time when Daylight Saving Time starts if you
selected Daylight Savings. The o'clock field uses the 24 hour
format. Here are a couple of examples:
Daylight Saving Time starts in most parts of the United States on the
first Sunday of April. Each time zone in the United States starts using
Daylight Saving Time at 2 A.M. local time. So in the United States you
would select First, Sunday, April and type 2 in the o'clock field.
Daylight Saving Time starts in the European Union on the last Sunday
of March. All of the time zones in the European Union start using
Daylight Saving Time at the same moment (1 A.M. GMT or UTC). So
in the European Union you would select Last, Sunday, March. The
time you type in the o'clock field depends on your time zone. In
Germany for instance, you would type 2 because Germany's time
zone is one hour ahead of GMT or UTC (GMT+1).
End Date Configure the day and time when Daylight Saving Time ends if you
selected Daylight Savings. The o'clock field uses the 24 hour
format. Here are a couple of examples:
Daylight Saving Time ends in the United States on the last Sunday of
October. Each time zone in the United States stops using Daylight
Saving Time at 2 A.M. local time. So in the United States you would
select Last, Sunday, October and type 2 in the o'clock field.
Daylight Saving Time ends in the European Union on the last Sunday
of October. All of the time zones in the European Union stop using
Daylight Saving Time at the same moment (1 A.M. GMT or UTC). So
in the European Union you would select Last, Sunday, October. The
time you type in the o'clock field depends on your time zone. In
Germany for instance, you would type 2 because Germany's time
zone is one hour ahead of GMT or UTC (GMT+1).
Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205.
Reset Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
Table 46 Maintenance > Time
LABEL DESCRIPTION
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Click Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade. Follow the instructions in this screen
to upload firmware to your WAP3205.
Figure 69 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Note: Do not turn off the WAP3205 while firmware upload is in progress!
After you see the Firmware Upload In Process screen, wait two minutes before
logging into the WAP3205 again.
The WAP3205 automatically restarts in this time causing a temporary network
disconnect. In some operating systems, you may see the following icon on your
desktop.
Figure 70 Network Temporarily Disconnected
After two minutes, log in again and check your new firmware version in the
Status screen.
If the upload was not successful, an error message appears. Click Return to go
back to the Firmware Upgrade screen.
Table 47 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade
LABEL DESCRIPTION
File Path Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this field or click
Browse... to find it.
Browse... Click Browse... to find the .bin file you want to upload. Remember that
you must decompress compressed (.zip) files before you can upload them.
Upload Click Upload to begin the upload process. This process may take up to
two minutes.
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12.7 Configuration Backup/Restore Screen
Backup configuration allows you to back up (save) the WAP3205’s current
configuration to a file on your computer. Once your WAP3205 is configured and
functioning properly, it is highly recommended that you back up your configuration
file before making configuration changes. The backup configuration file will be
useful in case you need to return to your previous settings.
Restore configuration allows you to upload a new or previously saved
configuration file from your computer to your WAP3205.
Click Maintenance > Backup/Restore. Information related to factory defaults,
backup configuration, and restoring configuration appears as shown next.
Figure 71 Maintenance > Backup/Restore
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 48 Maintenance > Backup/Restore
LABEL DESCRIPTION
Backup Click Backup to save the WAP3205’s current configuration to your
computer.
File Path Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this field or click
Browse... to find it.
Browse... Click Browse... to find the file you want to upload. Remember that you
must decompress compressed (.ZIP) files before you can upload them.
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Note: If you uploaded the default configuration file you may need to change the IP
address of your computer to be in the same subnet as that of the default
WAP3205 IP address (192.168.1.2). See Appendix C on page 149 for details
on how to set up your computer’s IP address.
12.8 Reset/Restart Screen
System restart allows you to reboot the WAP3205 without turning the power off.
Click Maintenance > Reset/Restart to open the following screen.
Figure 72 Maintenance > Reset/Restart
Click Restart to have the WAP3205 reboot. This does not affect the WAP3205's
configuration.
Upload Click Upload to begin the upload process.
Note: Do not turn off the WAP3205 while configuration file upload is in
progress.
After you see a “configuration upload successful” screen, you must then
wait one minute before logging into the WAP3205 again. The WAP3205
automatically restarts in this time causing a temporary network
disconnect.
If you see an error screen, click Back to return to the Backup/Restore
screen.
Reset Pressing the Reset button in this section clears all user-entered
configuration information and returns the WAP3205 to its factory
defaults.
You can also press the RESET button on the rear panel to reset the
factory defaults of your WAP3205. Refer to the chapter about
introducing the Web Configurator for more information on the
RESET button.
Table 48 Maintenance > Backup/Restore
LABEL DESCRIPTION
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12.9 System Operation Mode Overview
The Sys OP Mode (System Operation Mode) function lets you configure your
WAP3205 as an access point, wireless client or both at the same time. You can
choose between Access Point Mode, Client Mode and Universal Repeater
Mode depending on your network topology and the features you require from
your device.
The following describes the device modes available in your WAP3205.
Access Point
An access point enabled all ethernet ports to be bridged together and be in the
same subnet. To connect to the Internet, another device, such as a router, is
required.
Figure 73 Access Point Mode
Client
WAP3205 in client mode connects to an existing access point wirelessly. It acts
just like a wireless client in notebooks/computers.
Figure 74 Client Mode
Access Point
Wireless
Client
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Universal Repeater
WAP3205 in Universal Repeater mode work as an access point and wireless client
simutaneously.
Figure 75 Universal Repeater Mode
12.10 Sys Op Mode Screen
Use this screen to select how you want to use your WAP3205.
Figure 76 Maintenance > Sys OP Mode
The following table describes the labels in the General screen.
Table 49 Maintenance > Sys OP Mode
LABEL DESCRIPTION
System Operation Mode
Access Point Select Access Point Mode if your device bridges traffic between clients
on the same network.
In Access Point mode all Ethernet ports have the same IP address.
The default IP address of the device on the local network is
192.168.1.2.
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Note: If you select the incorrect System Operation Mode you may not be able to
connect to the Internet.
Client Mode Select Client Mode if your device needs a wireless client to connect to an
existing access point.
You cannot configure wireless LAN settings like MAC filtering, QoS,
WDS and scheduling in the client mode.
The IP address of the device on the local network is the same as the IP
address given to the WAP3205 while in access point mode (default is
192.168.1.2).
Universal
Repeater
Mode
Select Universal Repeater Mode if you want to have wireless clients
associate with the WAP3205 and also want to connect the WAP3205 to an
existing access point.
In addition to wireless LAN settings between the WAP3205 and wireless
clients, you also need to configure security and wireless settings
between the WAP3205 and another access point.
WDS is not available when the WAP3205 is in universal repeater mode.
The IP address of the device on the local network is the same as the IP
address given to the WAP3205 while in access point mode (default is
192.168.1.2).
Apply Click Apply to save your settings.
Reset Click Reset to return your settings to the default (Router)
LABEL DESCRIPTION
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WAP3205 User’s Guide 119
CHAPTER 13
Troubleshooting
This chapter offers some suggestions to solve problems you might encounter. The
potential problems are divided into the following categories.
Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs
WAP3205 Access and Login
Internet Access
Resetting the WAP3205 to Its Factory Defaults
Wireless Router/AP Troubleshooting
13.1 Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs
The WAP3205 does not turn on. None of the LEDs turn on.
1Make sure you are using the power adaptor or cord included with the WAP3205.
2Make sure the power adaptor or cord is connected to the WAP3205 and plugged in
to an appropriate power source. Make sure the power source is turned on.
3Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor or cord to the WAP3205.
4If the problem continues, contact the vendor.
One of the LEDs does not behave as expected.
1Make sure you understand the normal behavior of the LED. See Section 1.5 on
page 20.
2Check the hardware connections. See the Quick Start Guide.
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3Inspect your cables for damage. Contact the vendor to replace any damaged
cables.
4Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor to the WAP3205.
5If the problem continues, contact the vendor.
13.2 WAP3205 Access and Login
I don’t know the IP address of my WAP3205.
1The default IP address is 192.168.1.2.
2If you changed the IP address and have forgotten it,
and your WAP3205 is a DHCP client, you can find your IP address from the
DHCP server. This information is only available from the DHCP server which
allocates IP addresses on your network. Find this information directly from the
DHCP server or contact your system administrator for more information.
reset your WAP3205 to change all settings back to their default. This means
your current settings are lost. See Section 13.4 on page 123 in the
Troubleshooting for information on resetting your WAP3205.
I forgot the password.
1The default password is 1234.
2If this does not work, you have to reset the device to its factory defaults. See
Section 13.4 on page 123.
I cannot see or access the Login screen in the Web Configurator.
1Make sure you are using the correct IP address.
The default IP address is 192.168.1.2.
If you changed the IP address (Section 11.4 on page 103), use the new IP
address.
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If you changed the IP address and have forgotten it, see the troubleshooting
suggestions for I don’t know the IP address of my WAP3205.
2Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as
expected. See the Quick Start Guide.
3Make sure your Internet browser does not block pop-up windows and has
JavaScripts and Java enabled. See Appendix A on page 131.
4Make sure your computer is in the same subnet as the WAP3205. (If you know
that there are routers between your computer and the WAP3205, skip this step.)
If there is a DHCP server on your network, make sure your computer is using
a dynamic IP address. See Section 14.3 on page 139.
If there is no DHCP server on your network, make sure your computers IP
address is in the same subnet as the WAP3205. See Appendix B on page 139.
5Reset the device to its factory defaults, and try to access the WAP3205 with the
default IP address. See Section 12.7 on page 113.
6If the problem continues, contact the network administrator or vendor, or try one
of the advanced suggestions.
Advanced Suggestion
If your computer is connected wirelessly, use a computer that is connected to a
LAN port.
I can see the Login screen, but I cannot log in to the WAP3205.
1Make sure you have entered the password correctly. The default password is
1234. This field is case-sensitive, so make sure [Caps Lock] is not on.
2This can happen when you fail to log out properly from your last session. Try
logging in again after 5 minutes.
3Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor or cord to the WAP3205.
4If this does not work, you have to reset the device to its factory defaults. See
Section 13.4 on page 123.
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13.3 Internet Access
I cannot access the Internet.
1Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as
expected. See the Quick Start Guide.
2Make sure the WAP3205 is connected to a broadband modem or router with
Internet access.
3If you are trying to access the Internet wirelessly, make sure the wireless settings
in the wireless client are the same as the settings in the AP.
•Go to Network > Wireless LAN > General > WDS and check if the
WAP3205 is set to bridge mode. Select Disable and try to connect to the
Internet again.
4Disconnect all the cables from your device, and follow the directions in the Quick
Start Guide again.
5Go to Maintenance > Sys OP Mode. Check your System Operation Mode
setting.
Select Access Point Mode if your WAP3205 bridges traffic between clients on
the same network.
Select Client Mode if your WAP3205 needs a wireless client to connect to an
existing access point.
Select Universal Repeater Mode if you want to have wireless clients
associate with the WAP3205 and also want to connect the WAP3205 to an
existing access point.
6If the problem continues, contact your ISP.
I cannot access the Internet anymore. I had access to the Internet (with the
WAP3205), but my Internet connection is not available anymore.
1Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as
expected. See the Quick Start Guide and Section 1.5 on page 20.
2Reboot the WAP3205.
3If the problem continues, contact your ISP.
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The Internet connection is slow or intermittent.
1There might be a lot of traffic on the network. Look at the LEDs, and check Section
1.5 on page 20. If the WAP3205 is sending or receiving a lot of information, try
closing some programs that use the Internet, especially peer-to-peer applications.
2Check the signal strength. If the signal strength is low, try moving the clients
closer to the AP if possible, and look around to see if there are any devices that
might be interfering with the wireless network (for example, microwaves, other
wireless networks, and so on).
3Reboot the WAP3205.
4If the problem continues, contact the network administrator or vendor, or try one
of the advanced suggestions.
Advanced Suggestions
Check the settings for QoS. If it is disabled, you might consider activating it.
13.4 Resetting the WAP3205 to Its Factory
Defaults
If you reset the WAP3205, you lose all of the changes you have made. The
WAP3205 re-loads its default settings, and the password resets to 1234. You have
to make all of your changes again.
You will lose all of your changes when you push the RESET button.
To reset the WAP3205,
1Make sure the power LED is on.
2Press the RESET button for longer than 1 second to restart/reboot the WAP3205.
3Press the RESET button for longer than five seconds to set the WAP3205 back to
its factory-default configurations.
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If the WAP3205 restarts automatically, wait for the WAP3205 to finish restarting,
and log in to the Web Configurator. The password is “1234”.
If the WAP3205 does not restart automatically, disconnect and reconnect the
WAP3205’s power. Then, follow the directions above again.
13.5 Wireless Router/AP Troubleshooting
I cannot access the WAP3205 or ping any computer from the WLAN (wireless AP
or router).
1Make sure the wireless adapter on the wireless station is working properly.
2Make sure the wireless adapter installed on your computer is IEEE 802.11
compatible and supports the same wireless standard as the WAP3205.
3Make sure your computer (with a wireless adapter installed) is within the
transmission range of the WAP3205.
4Check that both the WAP3205 and your wireless station are using the same
wireless and wireless security settings.
WAP3205 User’s Guide 125
CHAPTER 14
Product Specifications
The following tables summarize the WAP3205’s hardware and firmware features.
Table 50 Hardware Features
Dimensions (W x D x
H) 162 mm x 115 mm x 33 mm
Weight 245 g
Power Specification Input: 100~240 V AC, 50~60 Hz
Output: 12 V DC 1A
Two Ethernet ports Auto-negotiating: 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps in either half-duplex or full-
duplex mode.
Auto-crossover: Use either crossover or straight-through Ethernet
cables.
LEDs PWR, LAN1-2 WLAN, WPS
Reset Button The reset button is built into the rear panel. Use this button to
restore the WAP3205 to its factory default settings. Press for 1
second to restart the device. Press for 5 seconds to restore to
factory default settings.
WPS button Press the WPS on two WPS enabled devices within 120 seconds
for a security-enabled wireless connection.
Antenna The WAP3205 is equipped with two 2dBi (2.4GHz) detachable
antennas to provide clear radio transmission and reception on the
wireless network.
Operation
Environment Temperature: 0º C ~ 40º C / 32ºF ~ 104ºF
Humidity: 20% ~ 90%
Storage Environment Temperature: -30º C ~ 70º C / -22ºF ~ 158ºF
Humidity: 20% ~ 95%
Table 51 Firmware Features
FEATURE DESCRIPTION
Default IP Address 192.168.1.2
Default Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
Default Password 1234
Wireless Interface Wireless LAN
Default Wireless SSID ZyXEL
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14.1 Wall-mounting Instructions
Complete the following steps to hang your WAP3205 on a wall.
1Select a position free of obstructions on a sturdy wall.
2Drill two holes for the screws.
Be careful to avoid damaging pipes or cables located inside the
wall when drilling holes for the screws.
3Do not insert the screws all the way into the wall. Leave a small gap of about 0.5
cm between the heads of the screws and the wall.
Device Management Use the Web Configurator to easily configure the rich range of
features on the WAP3205.
Wireless Functionality Allows IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g and/or IEEE 802.11n
wireless clients to connect to the WAP3205 wirelessly. Enable
wireless security (WPA(2)-PSK) and/or MAC filtering to protect
your wireless network.
Note: The WAP3205 may be prone to RF (Radio
Frequency) interference from other 2.4 GHz devices
such as microwave ovens, wireless phones,
Bluetooth enabled devices, and other wireless LANs.
Firmware Upgrade Download new firmware (when available) from the ZyXEL web
site and use the Web Configurator to put it on the WAP3205.
Note: Only upload firmware for your specific model!
Configuration Backup &
Restoration Make a copy of the WAP3205’s configuration and put it back on
the WAP3205 later if you decide you want to revert back to an
earlier configuration.
Wireless LAN Scheduler You can schedule the times the wireless LAN is enabled/
disabled.
Time and Date Get the current time and date from an external server when
you turn on your WAP3205. You can also set the time manually.
These dates and times are then used in logs.
IP Multicast IP Multicast is used to send traffic to a specific group of
computers. The WAP3205 supports versions 1 and 2 of IGMP
(Internet Group Management Protocol) used to join multicast
groups (see RFC 2236).
Logging Use logs for troubleshooting. You can view logs in the Web
Configurator.
Table 51 Firmware Features
FEATURE DESCRIPTION
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WAP3205 User’s Guide 127
4Make sure the screws are snugly fastened to the wall. They need to hold the
weight of the WAP3205 with the connection cables.
5Align the holes on the back of the WAP3205 with the screws on the wall. Hang the
WAP3205 on the screws.
Figure 77 Wall-mounting Example
The following are dimensions of an M4 tap screw and masonry plug used for wall
mounting. All measurements are in millimeters (mm).
Figure 78 Masonry Plug and M4 Tap Screw
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129
PART IV
Appendices and
Index
Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java
Permissions (131)
IP Addresses and Subnetting (139)
Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address
(149)
Wireless LANs (167)
Common Services (179)
Legal Information (183)
Index (191)
130
WAP3205 User’s Guide 131
APPENDIX A
Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts
and Java Permissions
In order to use the Web Configurator you need to allow:
Web browser pop-up windows from your device.
JavaScripts (enabled by default).
Java permissions (enabled by default).
Note: Internet Explorer 6 screens are used here. Screens for other Internet Explorer
versions may vary.
Internet Explorer Pop-up Blockers
You may have to disable pop-up blocking to log into your device.
Either disable pop-up blocking (enabled by default in Windows XP SP (Service
Pack) 2) or allow pop-up blocking and create an exception for your device’s IP
address.
Disable pop-up Blockers
1In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Pop-up Blocker and then select Turn Off
Pop-up Blocker.
Figure 79 Pop-up Blocker
You can also check if pop-up blocking is disabled in the Pop-up Blocker section in
the Privacy tab.
Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
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132
1In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Internet Options, Privacy.
2Clear the Block pop-ups check box in the Pop-up Blocker section of the screen.
This disables any web pop-up blockers you may have enabled.
Figure 80 Internet Options: Privacy
3Click Apply to save this setting.
Enable pop-up Blockers with Exceptions
Alternatively, if you only want to allow pop-up windows from your device, see the
following steps.
1In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Internet Options and then the Privacy tab.
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WAP3205 User’s Guide 133
2Select Settings…to open the Pop-up Blocker Settings screen.
Figure 81 Internet Options: Privacy
3Type the IP address of your device (the web page that you do not want to have
blocked) with the prefix “http://”. For example, http://192.168.167.1.
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4Click Add to move the IP address to the list of Allowed sites.
Figure 82 Pop-up Blocker Settings
5Click Close to return to the Privacy screen.
6Click Apply to save this setting.
JavaScripts
If pages of the Web Configurator do not display properly in Internet Explorer,
check that JavaScripts are allowed.
Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
WAP3205 User’s Guide 135
1In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Security tab.
Figure 83 Internet Options: Security
2Click the Custom Level... button.
3Scroll down to Scripting.
4Under Active scripting make sure that Enable is selected (the default).
5Under Scripting of Java applets make sure that Enable is selected (the
default).
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6Click OK to close the window.
Figure 84 Security Settings - Java Scripting
Java Permissions
1From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Security
tab.
2Click the Custom Level... button.
3Scroll down to Microsoft VM.
4Under Java permissions make sure that a safety level is selected.
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5Click OK to close the window.
Figure 85 Security Settings - Java
JAVA (Sun)
1From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Advanced
tab.
2Make sure that Use Java 2 for <applet> under Java (Sun) is selected.
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3Click OK to close the window.
Figure 86 Java (Sun)
WAP3205 User’s Guide 139
APPENDIX B
IP Addresses and Subnetting
This appendix introduces IP addresses and subnet masks.
IP addresses identify individual devices on a network. Every networking device
(including computers, servers, routers, printers, etc.) needs an IP address to
communicate across the network. These networking devices are also known as
hosts.
Subnet masks determine the maximum number of possible hosts on a network.
You can also use subnet masks to divide one network into multiple sub-networks.
Introduction to IP Addresses
One part of the IP address is the network number, and the other part is the host
ID. In the same way that houses on a street share a common street name, the
hosts on a network share a common network number. Similarly, as each house
has its own house number, each host on the network has its own unique
identifying number - the host ID. Routers use the network number to send packets
to the correct network, while the host ID determines to which host on the network
the packets are delivered.
Structure
An IP address is made up of four parts, written in dotted decimal notation (for
example, 192.168.1.1). Each of these four parts is known as an octet. An octet is
an eight-digit binary number (for example 11000000, which is 192 in decimal
notation).
Therefore, each octet has a possible range of 00000000 to 11111111 in binary, or
0 to 255 in decimal.
Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
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140
The following figure shows an example IP address in which the first three octets
(192.168.1) are the network number, and the fourth octet (16) is the host ID.
Figure 87 Network Number and Host ID
How much of the IP address is the network number and how much is the host ID
varies according to the subnet mask.
Subnet Masks
A subnet mask is used to determine which bits are part of the network number,
and which bits are part of the host ID (using a logical AND operation). The term
“subnet” is short for “sub-network.
A subnet mask has 32 bits. If a bit in the subnet mask is a “1” then the
corresponding bit in the IP address is part of the network number. If a bit in the
subnet mask is “0” then the corresponding bit in the IP address is part of the host
ID.
The following example shows a subnet mask identifying the network number (in
bold text) and host ID of an IP address (192.168.1.2 in decimal).
Table 52 Subnet Mask - Identifying Network Number
1ST
OCTET:
(192)
2ND
OCTET:
(168)
3RD
OCTET:
(1)
4TH
OCTET
(2)
IP Address (Binary) 11000000 10101000 00000001 00000010
Subnet Mask (Binary) 11111111 11111111 11111111 00000000
Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
WAP3205 User’s Guide 141
By convention, subnet masks always consist of a continuous sequence of ones
beginning from the leftmost bit of the mask, followed by a continuous sequence of
zeros, for a total number of 32 bits.
Subnet masks can be referred to by the size of the network number part (the bits
with a “1” value). For example, an “8-bit mask” means that the first 8 bits of the
mask are ones and the remaining 24 bits are zeroes.
Subnet masks are expressed in dotted decimal notation just like IP addresses. The
following examples show the binary and decimal notation for 8-bit, 16-bit, 24-bit
and 29-bit subnet masks.
Network Size
The size of the network number determines the maximum number of possible
hosts you can have on your network. The larger the number of network number
bits, the smaller the number of remaining host ID bits.
An IP address with host IDs of all zeros is the IP address of the network
(192.168.1.0 with a 24-bit subnet mask, for example). An IP address with host
IDs of all ones is the broadcast address for that network (192.168.1.255 with a
24-bit subnet mask, for example).
Network Number 11000000 10101000 00000001
Host ID 00000010
Table 53 Subnet Masks
BINARY
DECIMAL
1ST
OCTET 2ND
OCTET 3RD
OCTET 4TH
OCTET
8-bit mask 11111111 00000000 00000000 00000000 255.0.0.0
16-bit
mask 11111111 11111111 00000000 00000000 255.255.0.0
24-bit
mask 11111111 11111111 11111111 00000000 255.255.255.0
29-bit
mask 11111111 11111111 11111111 11111000 255.255.255.24
8
Table 52 Subnet Mask - Identifying Network Number
1ST
OCTET:
(192)
2ND
OCTET:
(168)
3RD
OCTET:
(1)
4TH
OCTET
(2)
Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
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As these two IP addresses cannot be used for individual hosts, calculate the
maximum number of possible hosts in a network as follows:
Notation
Since the mask is always a continuous number of ones beginning from the left,
followed by a continuous number of zeros for the remainder of the 32 bit mask,
you can simply specify the number of ones instead of writing the value of each
octet. This is usually specified by writing a “/” followed by the number of bits in
the mask after the address.
For example, 192.1.1.0 /25 is equivalent to saying 192.1.1.0 with subnet mask
255.255.255.128.
The following table shows some possible subnet masks using both notations.
Table 54 Maximum Host Numbers
SUBNET MASK HOST ID SIZE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF
HOSTS
8 bits 255.0.0.0 24 bits 224 – 2 16777214
16 bits 255.255.0.0 16 bits 216 – 2 65534
24 bits 255.255.255.0 8 bits 28 – 2 254
29 bits 255.255.255.2
48 3 bits 23 – 2 6
Table 55 Alternative Subnet Mask Notation
SUBNET
MASK ALTERNATIVE
NOTATION LAST OCTET
(BINARY) LAST OCTET
(DECIMAL)
255.255.255.0 /24 0000 0000 0
255.255.255.12
8/25 1000 0000 128
255.255.255.19
2/26 1100 0000 192
255.255.255.22
4/27 1110 0000 224
255.255.255.24
0/28 1111 0000 240
255.255.255.24
8/29 1111 1000 248
255.255.255.25
2/30 1111 1100 252
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Subnetting
You can use subnetting to divide one network into multiple sub-networks. In the
following example a network administrator creates two sub-networks to isolate a
group of servers from the rest of the company network for security reasons.
In this example, the company network address is 192.168.1.0. The first three
octets of the address (192.168.1) are the network number, and the remaining
octet is the host ID, allowing a maximum of 28 – 2 or 254 possible hosts.
The following figure shows the company network before subnetting.
Figure 88 Subnetting Example: Before Subnetting
You can “borrow” one of the host ID bits to divide the network 192.168.1.0 into
two separate sub-networks. The subnet mask is now 25 bits (255.255.255.128 or
/25).
The “borrowed” host ID bit can have a value of either 0 or 1, allowing two
subnets; 192.168.1.0 /25 and 192.168.1.128 /25.
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The following figure shows the company network after subnetting. There are now
two sub-networks, A and B.
Figure 89 Subnetting Example: After Subnetting
In a 25-bit subnet the host ID has 7 bits, so each sub-network has a maximum of
27 – 2 or 126 possible hosts (a host ID of all zeroes is the subnet’s address itself,
all ones is the subnet’s broadcast address).
192.168.1.0 with mask 255.255.255.128 is subnet A itself, and 192.168.1.127
with mask 255.255.255.128 is its broadcast address. Therefore, the lowest IP
address that can be assigned to an actual host for subnet A is 192.168.1.1 and
the highest is 192.168.1.126.
Similarly, the host ID range for subnet B is 192.168.1.129 to 192.168.1.254.
Example: Four Subnets
The previous example illustrated using a 25-bit subnet mask to divide a 24-bit
address into two subnets. Similarly, to divide a 24-bit address into four subnets,
you need to “borrow” two host ID bits to give four possible combinations (00, 01,
10 and 11). The subnet mask is 26 bits
(11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000) or 255.255.255.192.
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Each subnet contains 6 host ID bits, giving 26 - 2 or 62 hosts for each subnet (a
host ID of all zeroes is the subnet itself, all ones is the subnet’s broadcast
address).
Table 56 Subnet 1
IP/SUBNET MASK NETWORK NUMBER LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address (Decimal) 192.168.1. 0
IP Address (Binary) 11000000.10101000.00000001. 00000000
Subnet Mask (Binary) 11111111.11111111.11111111. 11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.0 Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.1
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.63 Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.62
Table 57 Subnet 2
IP/SUBNET MASK NETWORK NUMBER LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address 192.168.1. 64
IP Address (Binary) 11000000.10101000.00000001. 01000000
Subnet Mask (Binary) 11111111.11111111.11111111. 11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.64 Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.65
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.127 Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.126
Table 58 Subnet 3
IP/SUBNET MASK NETWORK NUMBER LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address 192.168.1. 128
IP Address (Binary) 11000000.10101000.00000001. 10000000
Subnet Mask (Binary) 11111111.11111111.11111111. 11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.128 Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.129
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.191 Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.190
Table 59 Subnet 4
IP/SUBNET MASK NETWORK NUMBER LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address 192.168.1. 192
IP Address (Binary) 11000000.10101000.00000001
. 11000000
Subnet Mask (Binary) 11111111.11111111.11111111
. 11000000
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Example: Eight Subnets
Similarly, use a 27-bit mask to create eight subnets (000, 001, 010, 011, 100,
101, 110 and 111).
The following table shows IP address last octet values for each subnet.
Subnet Planning
The following table is a summary for subnet planning on a network with a 24-bit
network number.
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.192 Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.193
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.255 Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.254
Table 59 Subnet 4 (continued)
IP/SUBNET MASK NETWORK NUMBER LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
Table 60 Eight Subnets
SUBNET SUBNET
ADDRESS FIRST ADDRESS LAST
ADDRESS BROADCAST
ADDRESS
1 0 1 30 31
232 33 62 63
364 65 94 95
496 97 126 127
5128 129 158 159
6160 161 190 191
7192 193 222 223
8224 225 254 255
Table 61 24-bit Network Number Subnet Planning
NO. “BORROWED”
HOST BITS SUBNET MASK NO. SUBNETS NO. HOSTS PER
SUBNET
1255.255.255.128 (/25) 2126
2255.255.255.192 (/26) 462
3255.255.255.224 (/27) 830
4255.255.255.240 (/28) 16 14
5255.255.255.248 (/29) 32 6
6255.255.255.252 (/30) 64 2
7255.255.255.254 (/31) 128 1
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The following table is a summary for subnet planning on a network with a 16-bit
network number.
Configuring IP Addresses
Where you obtain your network number depends on your particular situation. If
the ISP or your network administrator assigns you a block of registered IP
addresses, follow their instructions in selecting the IP addresses and the subnet
mask.
If the ISP did not explicitly give you an IP network number, then most likely you
have a single user account and the ISP will assign you a dynamic IP address when
the connection is established. If this is the case, it is recommended that you select
a network number from 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.0. The Internet Assigned
Number Authority (IANA) reserved this block of addresses specifically for private
use; please do not use any other number unless you are told otherwise. You must
also enable Network Address Translation (NAT) on the WAP3205.
Once you have decided on the network number, pick an IP address for your
WAP3205 that is easy to remember (for instance, 192.168.1.1) but make sure
that no other device on your network is using that IP address.
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP address. Your
WAP3205 will compute the subnet mask automatically based on the IP address
Table 62 16-bit Network Number Subnet Planning
NO. “BORROWED”
HOST BITS SUBNET MASK NO. SUBNETS NO. HOSTS PER
SUBNET
1255.255.128.0 (/17) 232766
2255.255.192.0 (/18) 416382
3255.255.224.0 (/19) 88190
4255.255.240.0 (/20) 16 4094
5255.255.248.0 (/21) 32 2046
6255.255.252.0 (/22) 64 1022
7255.255.254.0 (/23) 128 510
8255.255.255.0 (/24) 256 254
9255.255.255.128 (/25) 512 126
10 255.255.255.192 (/26) 1024 62
11 255.255.255.224 (/27) 2048 30
12 255.255.255.240 (/28) 4096 14
13 255.255.255.248 (/29) 8192 6
14 255.255.255.252 (/30) 16384 2
15 255.255.255.254 (/31) 32768 1
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that you entered. You don't need to change the subnet mask computed by the
WAP3205 unless you are instructed to do otherwise.
Private IP Addresses
Every machine on the Internet must have a unique address. If your networks are
isolated from the Internet (running only between two branch offices, for example)
you can assign any IP addresses to the hosts without problems. However, the
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has reserved the following three
blocks of IP addresses specifically for private networks:
10.0.0.0 — 10.255.255.255
172.16.0.0 — 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 — 192.168.255.255
You can obtain your IP address from the IANA, from an ISP, or it can be assigned
from a private network. If you belong to a small organization and your Internet
access is through an ISP, the ISP can provide you with the Internet addresses for
your local networks. On the other hand, if you are part of a much larger
organization, you should consult your network administrator for the appropriate IP
addresses.
Regardless of your particular situation, do not create an arbitrary IP address;
always follow the guidelines above. For more information on address assignment,
please refer to RFC 1597, Address Allocation for Private Internets and RFC 1466,
Guidelines for Management of IP Address Space.
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APPENDIX C
Setting up Your Computers IP
Address
All computers must have a 10M or 100M Ethernet adapter card and TCP/IP
installed.
Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP, Macintosh OS 7 and later operating systems and
all versions of UNIX/LINUX include the software components you need to install
and use TCP/IP on your computer. Windows 3.1 requires the purchase of a third-
party TCP/IP application package.
TCP/IP should already be installed on computers using Windows NT/2000/XP,
Macintosh OS 7 and later operating systems.
After the appropriate TCP/IP components are installed, configure the TCP/IP
settings in order to "communicate" with your network.
If you manually assign IP information instead of using dynamic assignment, make
sure that your computers have IP addresses that place them in the same subnet
as the Prestige’s LAN port.
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Windows 95/98/Me
Click Start, Settings, Control Panel and double-click the Network icon to open
the Network window.
Figure 90 WIndows 95/98/Me: Network: Configuration
Installing Components
The Network window Configuration tab displays a list of installed components.
You need a network adapter, the TCP/IP protocol and Client for Microsoft
Networks.
If you need the adapter:
1In the Network window, click Add.
2Select Adapter and then click Add.
3Select the manufacturer and model of your network adapter and then click OK.
If you need TCP/IP:
1In the Network window, click Add.
2Select Protocol and then click Add.
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3Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers.
4Select TCP/IP from the list of network protocols and then click OK.
If you need Client for Microsoft Networks:
1Click Add.
2Select Client and then click Add.
3Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers.
4Select Client for Microsoft Networks from the list of network clients and then
click OK.
5Restart your computer so the changes you made take effect.
Configuring
1In the Network window Configuration tab, select your network adapter's TCP/IP
entry and click Properties
2Click the IP Address tab.
If your IP address is dynamic, select Obtain an IP address automatically.
If you have a static IP address, select Specify an IP address and type your
information into the IP Address and Subnet Mask fields.
Figure 91 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: IP Address
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3Click the DNS Configuration tab.
If you do not know your DNS information, select Disable DNS.
If you know your DNS information, select Enable DNS and type the
information in the fields below (you may not need to fill them all in).
Figure 92 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: DNS Configuration
4Click the Gateway tab.
If you do not know your gateway’s IP address, remove previously installed
gateways.
If you have a gateway IP address, type it in the New gateway field and click
Add.
5Click OK to save and close the TCP/IP Properties window.
6Click OK to close the Network window. Insert the Windows CD if prompted.
7Turn on your Prestige and restart your computer when prompted.
Verifying Settings
1Click Start and then Run.
2In the Run window, type "winipcfg" and then click OK to open the IP
Configuration window.
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3Select your network adapter. You should see your computer's IP address, subnet
mask and default gateway.
Windows 2000/NT/XP
The following example figures use the default Windows XP GUI theme.
1Click start (Start in Windows 2000/NT), Settings, Control Panel.
Figure 93 Windows XP: Start Menu
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2In the Control Panel, double-click Network Connections (Network and Dial-
up Connections in Windows 2000/NT).
Figure 94 Windows XP: Control Panel
3Right-click Local Area Connection and then click Properties.
Figure 95 Windows XP: Control Panel: Network Connections: Properties
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4Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (under the General tab in Win XP) and then
click Properties.
Figure 96 Windows XP: Local Area Connection Properties
5The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window opens (the General tab in
Windows XP).
If you have a dynamic IP address click Obtain an IP address
automatically.
If you have a static IP address click Use the following IP Address and fill in
the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default gateway fields.
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•Click Advanced.
Figure 97 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
6 If you do not know your gateway's IP address, remove any previously installed
gateways in the IP Settings tab and click OK.
Do one or more of the following if you want to configure additional IP addresses:
•In the IP Settings tab, in IP addresses, click Add.
•In TCP/IP Address, type an IP address in IP address and a subnet mask in
Subnet mask, and then click Add.
Repeat the above two steps for each IP address you want to add.
Configure additional default gateways in the IP Settings tab by clicking Add
in Default gateways.
•In TCP/IP Gateway Address, type the IP address of the default gateway in
Gateway. To manually configure a default metric (the number of transmission
hops), clear the Automatic metric check box and type a metric in Metric.
•Click Add.
Repeat the previous three steps for each default gateway you want to add.
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•Click OK when finished.
Figure 98 Windows XP: Advanced TCP/IP Properties
7In the Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window (the General tab in
Windows XP):
•Click Obtain DNS server address automatically if you do not know your
DNS server IP address(es).
If you know your DNS server IP address(es), click Use the following DNS
server addresses, and type them in the Preferred DNS server and
Alternate DNS server fields.
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If you have previously configured DNS servers, click Advanced and then the
DNS tab to order them.
Figure 99 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
8Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window.
9Click Close (OK in Windows 2000/NT) to close the Local Area Connection
Properties window.
10 Close the Network Connections window (Network and Dial-up Connections
in Windows 2000/NT).
11 Turn on your Prestige and restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
1Click Start, All Programs, Accessories and then Command Prompt.
2In the Command Prompt window, type "ipconfig" and then press [ENTER]. You
can also open Network Connections, right-click a network connection, click
Status and then click the Support tab.
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Macintosh OS 8/9
1Click the Apple menu, Control Panel and double-click TCP/IP to open the TCP/
IP Control Panel.
Figure 100 Macintosh OS 8/9: Apple Menu
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2Select Ethernet built-in from the Connect via list.
Figure 101 Macintosh OS 8/9: TCP/IP
3For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP Server from the
Configure: list.
4For statically assigned settings, do the following:
•From the Configure box, select Manually.
Type your IP address in the IP Address box.
Type your subnet mask in the Subnet mask box.
Type the IP address of your Prestige in the Router address box.
5Close the TCP/IP Control Panel.
6Click Save if prompted, to save changes to your configuration.
7Turn on your Prestige and restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties in the TCP/IP Control Panel window.
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Macintosh OS X
1Click the Apple menu, and click System Preferences to open the System
Preferences window.
Figure 102 Macintosh OS X: Apple Menu
2Click Network in the icon bar.
Select Automatic from the Location list.
Select Built-in Ethernet from the Show list.
•Click the TCP/IP tab.
3For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP from the Configure list.
Figure 103 Macintosh OS X: Network
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4For statically assigned settings, do the following:
•From the Configure box, select Manually.
Type your IP address in the IP Address box.
Type your subnet mask in the Subnet mask box.
Type the IP address of your Prestige in the Router address box.
5Click Apply Now and close the window.
6Turn on your Prestige and restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties in the Network window.
Linux
This section shows you how to configure your computer’s TCP/IP settings in Red
Hat Linux 9.0. Procedure, screens and file location may vary depending on your
Linux distribution and release version.
Note: Make sure you are logged in as the root administrator.
Using the K Desktop Environment (KDE)
Follow the steps below to configure your computer IP address using the KDE.
1Click the Red Hat button (located on the bottom left corner), select System
Setting and click Network.
Figure 104 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: Devices
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2Double-click on the profile of the network card you wish to configure. The
Ethernet Device General screen displays as shown.
Figure 105 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Ethernet Device: General
If you have a dynamic IP address click Automatically obtain IP address
settings with and select dhcp from the drop down list.
If you have a static IP address click Statically set IP Addresses and fill in
the Address, Subnet mask, and Default Gateway Address fields.
3Click OK to save the changes and close the Ethernet Device General screen.
4If you know your DNS server IP address(es), click the DNS tab in the Network
Configuration screen. Enter the DNS server information in the fields provided.
Figure 106 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: DNS
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5Click the Devices tab.
6Click the Activate button to apply the changes. The following screen displays.
Click Yes to save the changes in all screens.
Figure 107 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: Activate
7After the network card restart process is complete, make sure the Status is
Active in the Network Configuration screen.
Using Configuration Files
Follow the steps below to edit the network configuration files and set your
computer IP address.
1Assuming that you have only one network card on the computer, locate the
ifconfig-eth0 configuration file (where eth0 is the name of the Ethernet card).
Open the configuration file with any plain text editor.
If you have a dynamic IP address, enter dhcp in the BOOTPROTO= field. The
following figure shows an example.
Figure 108 Red Hat 9.0: Dynamic IP Address Setting in ifconfig-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=dhcp
USERCTL=no
PEERDNS=yes
TYPE=Ethernet
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If you have a static IP address, enter static in the BOOTPROTO= field. Type
IPADDR= followed by the IP address (in dotted decimal notation) and type
NETMASK= followed by the subnet mask. The following example shows an
example where the static IP address is 192.168.1.10 and the subnet mask is
255.255.255.0.
Figure 109 Red Hat 9.0: Static IP Address Setting in ifconfig-eth0
2If you know your DNS server IP address(es), enter the DNS server information in
the resolv.conf file in the /etc directory. The following figure shows an example
where two DNS server IP addresses are specified.
Figure 110 Red Hat 9.0: DNS Settings in resolv.conf
3After you edit and save the configuration files, you must restart the network card.
Enter./network restart in the /etc/rc.d/init.d directory. The following figure
shows an example.
Figure 111 Red Hat 9.0: Restart Ethernet Card
DEVICE=eth0
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.1.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
USERCTL=no
PEERDNS=yes
TYPE=Ethernet
nameserver 172.23.5.1
nameserver 172.23.5.2
[[email protected] init.d]# network restart
Shutting down interface eth0: [OK]
Shutting down loopback interface: [OK]
Setting network parameters: [OK]
Bringing up loopback interface: [OK]
Bringing up interface eth0: [OK]
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Verifying Settings
Enter ifconfig in a terminal screen to check your TCP/IP properties.
Figure 112 Red Hat 9.0: Checking TCP/IP Properties
[[email protected]]# ifconfig
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:BA:72:5B:44
inet addr:172.23.19.129 Bcast:172.23.19.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:717 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:13 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:100
RX bytes:730412 (713.2 Kb) TX bytes:1570 (1.5 Kb)
Interrupt:10 Base address:0x1000
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APPENDIX D
Wireless LANs
Wireless LAN Topologies
This section discusses ad-hoc and infrastructure wireless LAN topologies.
Ad-hoc Wireless LAN Configuration
The simplest WLAN configuration is an independent (Ad-hoc) WLAN that connects
a set of computers with wireless stations (A, B, C). Any time two or more wireless
adapters are within range of each other, they can set up an independent network,
which is commonly referred to as an Ad-hoc network or Independent Basic Service
Set (IBSS). The following diagram shows an example of notebook computers
using wireless adapters to form an Ad-hoc wireless LAN.
Figure 113 Peer-to-Peer Communication in an Ad-hoc Network
BSS
A Basic Service Set (BSS) exists when all communications between wireless
stations or between a wireless station and a wired network client go through one
access point (AP).
Intra-BSS traffic is traffic between wireless stations in the BSS. When Intra-BSS is
enabled, wireless station A and B can access the wired network and communicate
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with each other. When Intra-BSS is disabled, wireless station A and B can still
access the wired network but cannot communicate with each other.
Figure 114 Basic Service Set
ESS
An Extended Service Set (ESS) consists of a series of overlapping BSSs, each
containing an access point, with each access point connected together by a wired
network. This wired connection between APs is called a Distribution System (DS).
This type of wireless LAN topology is called an Infrastructure WLAN. The Access
Points not only provide communication with the wired network but also mediate
wireless network traffic in the immediate neighborhood.
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An ESSID (ESS IDentification) uniquely identifies each ESS. All access points and
their associated wireless stations within the same ESS must have the same ESSID
in order to communicate.
Figure 115 Infrastructure WLAN
Channel
A channel is the radio frequency(ies) used by IEEE 802.11a/b/g wireless devices.
Channels available depend on your geographical area. You may have a choice of
channels (for your region) so you should use a different channel than an adjacent
AP (access point) to reduce interference. Interference occurs when radio signals
from different access points overlap causing interference and degrading
performance.
Adjacent channels partially overlap however. To avoid interference due to overlap,
your AP should be on a channel at least five channels away from a channel that an
adjacent AP is using. For example, if your region has 11 channels and an adjacent
AP is using channel 1, then you need to select a channel between 6 or 11.
RTS/CTS
A hidden node occurs when two stations are within range of the same access
point, but are not within range of each other. The following figure illustrates a
hidden node. Both stations (STA) are within range of the access point (AP) or
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wireless gateway, but out-of-range of each other, so they cannot "hear" each
other, that is they do not know if the channel is currently being used. Therefore,
they are considered hidden from each other.
Figure 116 RTS/CTS
When station A sends data to the AP, it might not know that the station B is
already using the channel. If these two stations send data at the same time,
collisions may occur when both sets of data arrive at the AP at the same time,
resulting in a loss of messages for both stations.
RTS/CTS is designed to prevent collisions due to hidden nodes. An RTS/CTS
defines the biggest size data frame you can send before an RTS (Request To
Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake is invoked.
When a data frame exceeds the RTS/CTS value you set (between 0 to 2432
bytes), the station that wants to transmit this frame must first send an RTS
(Request To Send) message to the AP for permission to send it. The AP then
responds with a CTS (Clear to Send) message to all other stations within its range
to notify them to defer their transmission. It also reserves and confirms with the
requesting station the time frame for the requested transmission.
Stations can send frames smaller than the specified RTS/CTS directly to the AP
without the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake.
You should only configure RTS/CTS if the possibility of hidden nodes exists on
your network and the "cost" of resending large frames is more than the extra
network overhead involved in the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send)
handshake.
If the RTS/CTS value is greater than the Fragmentation Threshold value (see
next), then the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake will never
occur as data frames will be fragmented before they reach RTS/CTS size.
Note: Enabling the RTS Threshold causes redundant network overhead that could
negatively affect the throughput performance instead of providing a remedy.
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Fragmentation Threshold
A Fragmentation Threshold is the maximum data fragment size (between 256
and 2432 bytes) that can be sent in the wireless network before the AP will
fragment the packet into smaller data frames.
A large Fragmentation Threshold is recommended for networks not prone to
interference while you should set a smaller threshold for busy networks or
networks that are prone to interference.
If the Fragmentation Threshold value is smaller than the RTS/CTS value (see
previously) you set then the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send)
handshake will never occur as data frames will be fragmented before they reach
RTS/CTS size.
Preamble Type
A preamble is used to synchronize the transmission timing in your wireless
network. There are two preamble modes: Long and Short.
Short preamble takes less time to process and minimizes overhead, so it should
be used in a good wireless network environment when all wireless stations
support it.
Select Long if you have a ‘noisy’ network or are unsure of what preamble mode
your wireless stations support as all IEEE 802.11b compliant wireless adapters
must support long preamble. However, not all wireless adapters support short
preamble. Use long preamble if you are unsure what preamble mode the wireless
adapters support, to ensure interpretability between the AP and the wireless
stations and to provide more reliable communication in ‘noisy’ networks.
Select Dynamic to have the AP automatically use short preamble when all
wireless stations support it, otherwise the AP uses long preamble.
Note: The AP and the wireless stations MUST use the same preamble mode in order
to communicate.
IEEE 802.11g Wireless LAN
IEEE 802.11g is fully compatible with the IEEE 802.11b standard. This means an
IEEE 802.11b adapter can interface directly with an IEEE 802.11g access point
(and vice versa) at 11 Mbps or lower depending on range. IEEE 802.11g has
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WAP3205 User’s Guide
172
several intermediate rate steps between the maximum and minimum data rates.
The IEEE 802.11g data rate and modulation are as follows:
IEEE 802.1x
In June 2001, the IEEE 802.1x standard was designed to extend the features of
IEEE 802.11 to support extended authentication as well as providing additional
accounting and control features. It is supported by Windows XP and a number of
network devices. Some advantages of IEEE 802.1x are:
User based identification that allows for roaming.
Support for RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service, RFC 2138,
2139) for centralized user profile and accounting management on a network
RADIUS server.
Support for EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol, RFC 2486) that allows
additional authentication methods to be deployed with no changes to the access
point or the wireless stations.
RADIUS
RADIUS is based on a client-server model that supports authentication,
authorization and accounting. The access point is the client and the server is the
RADIUS server. The RADIUS server handles the following tasks:
Authentication
Determines the identity of the users.
• Authorization
Determines the network services available to authenticated users once they are
connected to the network.
•Accounting
Keeps track of the client’s network activity.
RADIUS is a simple package exchange in which your AP acts as a message relay
between the wireless station and the network RADIUS server.
Table 63 IEEE 802.11g
DATA RATE
(MBPS) MODULATION
1 DBPSK (Differential Binary Phase Shift Keyed)
2 DQPSK (Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying)
5.5 / 11 CCK (Complementary Code Keying)
6/9/12/18/24/36/
48/54 OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing)
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WAP3205 User’s Guide 173
Types of RADIUS Messages
The following types of RADIUS messages are exchanged between the access point
and the RADIUS server for user authentication:
• Access-Request
Sent by an access point requesting authentication.
• Access-Reject
Sent by a RADIUS server rejecting access.
• Access-Accept
Sent by a RADIUS server allowing access.
• Access-Challenge
Sent by a RADIUS server requesting more information in order to allow access.
The access point sends a proper response from the user and then sends another
Access-Request message.
The following types of RADIUS messages are exchanged between the access point
and the RADIUS server for user accounting:
•Accounting-Request
Sent by the access point requesting accounting.
• Accounting-Response
Sent by the RADIUS server to indicate that it has started or stopped accounting.
In order to ensure network security, the access point and the RADIUS server use a
shared secret key, which is a password, they both know. The key is not sent over
the network. In addition to the shared key, password information exchanged is
also encrypted to protect the network from unauthorized access.
Types of Authentication
This appendix discusses some popular authentication types: EAP-MD5, EAP-TLS,
EAP-TTLS, PEAP and LEAP.
The type of authentication you use depends on the RADIUS server or the AP.
Consult your network administrator for more information.
EAP-MD5 (Message-Digest Algorithm 5)
MD5 authentication is the simplest one-way authentication method. The
authentication server sends a challenge to the wireless station. The wireless
station ‘proves’ that it knows the password by encrypting the password with the
challenge and sends back the information. Password is not sent in plain text.
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WAP3205 User’s Guide
174
However, MD5 authentication has some weaknesses. Since the authentication
server needs to get the plaintext passwords, the passwords must be stored. Thus
someone other than the authentication server may access the password file. In
addition, it is possible to impersonate an authentication server as MD5
authentication method does not perform mutual authentication. Finally, MD5
authentication method does not support data encryption with dynamic session
key. You must configure WEP encryption keys for data encryption.
EAP-TLS (Transport Layer Security)
With EAP-TLS, digital certifications are needed by both the server and the wireless
stations for mutual authentication. The server presents a certificate to the client.
After validating the identity of the server, the client sends a different certificate to
the server. The exchange of certificates is done in the open before a secured
tunnel is created. This makes user identity vulnerable to passive attacks. A digital
certificate is an electronic ID card that authenticates the sender’s identity.
However, to implement EAP-TLS, you need a Certificate Authority (CA) to handle
certificates, which imposes a management overhead.
EAP-TTLS (Tunneled Transport Layer Service)
EAP-TTLS is an extension of the EAP-TLS authentication that uses certificates for
only the server-side authentications to establish a secure connection. Client
authentication is then done by sending username and password through the
secure connection, thus client identity is protected. For client authentication, EAP-
TTLS supports EAP methods and legacy authentication methods such as PAP,
CHAP, MS-CHAP and MS-CHAP v2.
PEAP (Protected EAP)
Like EAP-TTLS, server-side certificate authentication is used to establish a secure
connection, then use simple username and password methods through the
secured connection to authenticate the clients, thus hiding client identity.
However, PEAP only supports EAP methods, such as EAP-MD5, EAP-MSCHAPv2
and EAP-GTC (EAP-Generic Token Card), for client authentication. EAP-GTC is
implemented only by Cisco.
LEAP
LEAP (Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol) is a Cisco implementation of
IEEE 802.1x.
Dynamic WEP Key Exchange
The AP maps a unique key that is generated with the RADIUS server. This key
expires when the wireless connection times out, disconnects or reauthentication
times out. A new WEP key is generated each time reauthentication is performed.
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WAP3205 User’s Guide 175
If this feature is enabled, it is not necessary to configure a default encryption key
in the Wireless screen. You may still configure and store keys here, but they will
not be used while Dynamic WEP is enabled.
Note: EAP-MD5 cannot be used with dynamic WEP key exchange
For added security, certificate-based authentications (EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and
PEAP) use dynamic keys for data encryption. They are often deployed in corporate
environments, but for public deployment, a simple user name and password pair
is more practical. The following table is a comparison of the features of
authentication types.
WPA(2)
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a subset of the IEEE 802.11i standard. WPA2
(IEEE 802.11i) is a wireless security standard that defines stronger encryption,
authentication and key management than WPA.
Key differences between WPA(2) and WEP are improved data encryption and user
authentication.
Encryption
Both WPA and WPA2 improve data encryption by using Temporal Key Integrity
Protocol (TKIP), Message Integrity Check (MIC) and IEEE 802.1x. In addition to
TKIP, WPA2 also uses Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in the Counter mode
with Cipher block chaining Message authentication code Protocol (CCMP) to offer
stronger encryption.
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) uses 128-bit keys that are dynamically
generated and distributed by the authentication server. It includes a per-packet
key mixing function, a Message Integrity Check (MIC) named Michael, an
extended initialization vector (IV) with sequencing rules, and a re-keying
mechanism.
Table 64 Comparison of EAP Authentication Types
EAP-MD5 EAP-TLS EAP-TTLS PEAP LEAP
Mutual Authentication No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Certificate – Client No Yes Optional Optional No
Certificate – Server No Yes Yes Yes No
Dynamic Key Exchange No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Credential Integrity None Strong Strong Strong Moderate
Deployment Difficulty Easy Hard Moderate Moderate Moderate
Client Identity
Protection No No Yes Yes No
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WAP3205 User’s Guide
176
TKIP regularly changes and rotates the encryption keys so that the same
encryption key is never used twice. The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise
Master Key (PMK) key to the AP that then sets up a key hierarchy and
management system, using the pair-wise key to dynamically generate unique data
encryption keys to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly communicated
between the AP and the wireless clients. This all happens in the background
automatically.
WPA2 AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is a block cipher that uses a 256-bit
mathematical algorithm called Rijndael.
The Message Integrity Check (MIC) is designed to prevent an attacker from
capturing data packets, altering them and resending them. The MIC provides a
strong mathematical function in which the receiver and the transmitter each
compute and then compare the MIC. If they do not match, it is assumed that the
data has been tampered with and the packet is dropped.
By generating unique data encryption keys for every data packet and by creating
an integrity checking mechanism (MIC), TKIP makes it much more difficult to
decode data on a Wi-Fi network than WEP, making it difficult for an intruder to
break into the network.
The encryption mechanisms used for WPA and WPA-PSK are the same. The only
difference between the two is that WPA-PSK uses a simple common password,
instead of user-specific credentials. The common-password approach makes WPA-
PSK susceptible to brute-force password-guessing attacks but it's still an
improvement over WEP as it employs an easier-to-use, consistent, single,
alphanumeric password.
User Authentication
WPA or WPA2 applies IEEE 802.1x and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) to
authenticate wireless clients using an external RADIUS database.
If both an AP and the wireless clients support WPA2 and you have an external
RADIUS server, use WPA2 for stronger data encryption. If you don't have an
external RADIUS server, you should use WPA2 -PSK (WPA2 -Pre-Shared Key) that
only requires a single (identical) password entered into each access point, wireless
gateway and wireless client. As long as the passwords match, a wireless client will
be granted access to a WLAN.
If the AP or the wireless clients do not support WPA2, just use WPA or WPA-PSK
depending on whether you have an external RADIUS server or not.
Select WEP only when the AP and/or wireless clients do not support WPA or WPA2.
WEP is less secure than WPA or WPA2.
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WAP3205 User’s Guide 177
WPA(2)-PSK Application Example
A WPA(2)-PSK application looks as follows.
1First enter identical passwords into the AP and all wireless clients. The Pre-Shared
Key (PSK) must consist of between 8 and 63 ASCII characters (including spaces
and symbols).
2The AP checks each wireless client's password and (only) allows it to join the
network if the password matches.
3The AP derives and distributes keys to the wireless clients.
4The AP and wireless clients use the TKIP or AES encryption process to encrypt
data exchanged between them.
Figure 117 WPA(2)-PSK Authentication
WPA(2) with RADIUS Application Example
You need the IP address of the RADIUS server, its port number (default is 1812),
and the RADIUS shared secret. A WPA(2) application example with an external
RADIUS server looks as follows. "A" is the RADIUS server. "DS" is the distribution
system.
1The AP passes the wireless client's authentication request to the RADIUS server.
2The RADIUS server then checks the user's identification against its database and
grants or denies network access accordingly.
3The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise Master Key (PMK) key to the AP that
then sets up a key hierarchy and management system, using the pair-wise key to
dynamically generate unique data encryption keys to encrypt every data packet
that is wirelessly communicated between the AP and the wireless clients.
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WAP3205 User’s Guide
178
Security Parameters Summary
Refer to this table to see what other security parameters you should configure for
each Authentication Method/ key management protocol type. MAC address filters
are not dependent on how you configure these security features.
Table 65 Wireless Security Relational Matrix
AUTHENTICATION
METHOD/ KEY
MANAGEMENT
PROTOCOL
ENCRYPTIO
N METHOD ENTER
MANUAL KEY IEEE 802.1X
Open None No Disable
Enable without Dynamic WEP
Key
Open WEP No Enable with Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes Enable without Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes Disable
Shared WEP No Enable with Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes Enable without Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes Disable
WPA TKIP No Enable
WPA-PSK TKIP Yes Enable
WPA2 AES No Enable
WPA2-PSK AES Yes Enable
WAP3205 User’s Guide 179
APPENDIX E
Common Services
The following table lists some commonly-used services and their associated
protocols and port numbers. For a comprehensive list of port numbers, ICMP type/
code numbers and services, visit the IANA (Internet Assigned Number Authority)
web site.
Name: This is a short, descriptive name for the service. You can use this one or
create a different one, if you like.
Protocol: This is the type of IP protocol used by the service. If this is TCP/
UDP, then the service uses the same port number with TCP and UDP. If this is
USER-DEFINED, the Port(s) is the IP protocol number, not the port number.
Port(s): This value depends on the Protocol. Please refer to RFC 1700 for
further information about port numbers.
•If the Protocol is TCP, UDP, or TCP/UDP, this is the IP port number.
•If the Protocol is USER, this is the IP protocol number.
Description: This is a brief explanation of the applications that use this service
or the situations in which this service is used.
Table 66 Commonly Used Services
NAME PROTOCOL PORT(S) DESCRIPTION
AH
(IPSEC_TUNNEL) User-Defined 51 The IPSEC AH (Authentication
Header) tunneling protocol uses this
service.
AIM/New-ICQ TCP 5190 AOL’s Internet Messenger service. It
is also used as a listening port by
ICQ.
AUTH TCP 113 Authentication protocol used by some
servers.
BGP TCP 179 Border Gateway Protocol.
BOOTP_CLIENT UDP 68 DHCP Client.
BOOTP_SERVER UDP 67 DHCP Server.
CU-SEEME TCP
UDP
7648
24032
A popular videoconferencing solution
from White Pines Software.
DNS TCP/UDP 53 Domain Name Server, a service that
matches web names (for example
www.zyxel.com) to IP numbers.
Appendix E Common Services
WAP3205 User’s Guide
180
ESP
(IPSEC_TUNNEL) User-Defined 50 The IPSEC ESP (Encapsulation
Security Protocol) tunneling protocol
uses this service.
FINGER TCP 79 Finger is a UNIX or Internet related
command that can be used to find out
if a user is logged on.
FTP TCP
TCP
20
21
File Transfer Program, a program to
enable fast transfer of files, including
large files that may not be possible by
e-mail.
H.323 TCP 1720 NetMeeting uses this protocol.
HTTP TCP 80 Hyper Text Transfer Protocol - a
client/server protocol for the world
wide web.
HTTPS TCP 443 HTTPS is a secured http session often
used in e-commerce.
ICMP User-Defined 1Internet Control Message Protocol is
often used for diagnostic or routing
purposes.
ICQ UDP 4000 This is a popular Internet chat
program.
IGMP
(MULTICAST) User-Defined 2Internet Group Management Protocol
is used when sending packets to a
specific group of hosts.
IKE UDP 500 The Internet Key Exchange algorithm
is used for key distribution and
management.
IRC TCP/UDP 6667 This is another popular Internet chat
program.
MSN Messenger TCP 1863 Microsoft Networks’ messenger
service uses this protocol.
NEW-ICQ TCP 5190 An Internet chat program.
NEWS TCP 144 A protocol for news groups.
NFS UDP 2049 Network File System - NFS is a client/
server distributed file service that
provides transparent file sharing for
network environments.
NNTP TCP 119 Network News Transport Protocol is
the delivery mechanism for the
USENET newsgroup service.
PING User-Defined 1Packet INternet Groper is a protocol
that sends out ICMP echo requests to
test whether or not a remote host is
reachable.
POP3 TCP 110 Post Office Protocol version 3 lets a
client computer get e-mail from a
POP3 server through a temporary
connection (TCP/IP or other).
Table 66 Commonly Used Services (continued)
NAME PROTOCOL PORT(S) DESCRIPTION
Appendix E Common Services
WAP3205 User’s Guide 181
PPTP TCP 1723 Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
enables secure transfer of data over
public networks. This is the control
channel.
PPTP_TUNNEL
(GRE) User-Defined 47 PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling
Protocol) enables secure transfer of
data over public networks. This is the
data channel.
RCMD TCP 512 Remote Command Service.
REAL_AUDIO TCP 7070 A streaming audio service that
enables real time sound over the web.
REXEC TCP 514 Remote Execution Daemon.
RLOGIN TCP 513 Remote Login.
RTELNET TCP 107 Remote Telnet.
RTSP TCP/UDP 554 The Real Time Streaming (media
control) Protocol (RTSP) is a remote
control for multimedia on the
Internet.
SFTP TCP 115 Simple File Transfer Protocol.
SMTP TCP 25 Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is the
message-exchange standard for the
Internet. SMTP enables you to move
messages from one e-mail server to
another.
SNMP TCP/UDP 161 Simple Network Management
Program.
SNMP-TRAPS TCP/UDP 162 Traps for use with the SNMP
(RFC:1215).
SQL-NET TCP 1521 Structured Query Language is an
interface to access data on many
different types of database systems,
including mainframes, midrange
systems, UNIX systems and network
servers.
SSH TCP/UDP 22 Secure Shell Remote Login Program.
STRM WORKS UDP 1558 Stream Works Protocol.
SYSLOG UDP 514 Syslog allows you to send system logs
to a UNIX server.
TACACS UDP 49 Login Host Protocol used for (Terminal
Access Controller Access Control
System).
TELNET TCP 23 Telnet is the login and terminal
emulation protocol common on the
Internet and in UNIX environments. It
operates over TCP/IP networks. Its
primary function is to allow users to
log into remote host systems.
Table 66 Commonly Used Services (continued)
NAME PROTOCOL PORT(S) DESCRIPTION
Appendix E Common Services
WAP3205 User’s Guide
182
TFTP UDP 69 Trivial File Transfer Protocol is an
Internet file transfer protocol similar
to FTP, but uses the UDP (User
Datagram Protocol) rather than TCP
(Transmission Control Protocol).
VDOLIVE TCP 7000 Another videoconferencing solution.
Table 66 Commonly Used Services (continued)
NAME PROTOCOL PORT(S) DESCRIPTION
WAP3205 User’s Guide 183
APPENDIX F
Legal Information
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any part or as a whole,
transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, translated into any language, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic,
optical, chemical, photocopying, manual, or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
Published by ZyXEL Communications Corporation. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer
ZyXEL does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any
products, or software described herein. Neither does it convey any license under
its patent rights nor the patent rights of others. ZyXEL further reserves the right
to make changes in any products described herein without notice. This publication
is subject to change without notice.
Certifications
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Interference Statement
The device complies with Part 15 of FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
This device may not cause harmful interference.
This device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operations.
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This device generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy,
and if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
Appendix F Legal Information
WAP3205 User’s Guide
184
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this device does cause harmful interference to radio/television reception, which
can be determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try
to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
1Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
3Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
4Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any
other antenna or transmitter.
IEEE 802.11b or 802.11g operation of this product in the U.S.A. is firmware-
limited to channels 1 through 11.
To comply with FCC RF exposure compliance requirements, a separation
distance of at least 20 cm must be maintained between the antenna of this
device and all persons.
注意 !
依據 低功率電波輻射性電機管理辦法
第十二條 經型式認證合格之低功率射頻電機,非經許可,公司、商號或使用
者均不得擅自變更頻率、加大功率或變更原設計之特性及功能。
第十四條 低功率射頻電機之使用不得影響飛航安全及干擾合法通信;經發現
有干擾現象時,應立即停用,並改善至無干擾時方得繼續使用。
前項合法通信,指依電信規定作業之無線電信。低功率射頻電機須
受合法通信或工業、科學及醫療用電波輻射性電機設備之干擾。
本機限在不干擾合法電臺與不受被干擾保障條件下於室內使用。
減少電磁波影響,請妥適使用。
Notices
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
Appendix F Legal Information
WAP3205 User’s Guide 185
This device has been designed for the WLAN 2.4 GHz network throughout the EC
region and Switzerland, with restrictions in France.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
Industry Canada Statement
This device complies with RSS-210 of the Industry Canada Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
1this device may not cause interference and
2this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device
This device has been designed to operate with an antenna having a maximum
gain of 2dBi.
Antenna having a higher gain is strictly prohibited per regulations of Industry
Canada. The required antenna impedance is 50 ohms.
To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain
should be so chosen that the EIRP is not more than required for successful
communication.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
IC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with IC radiation exposure limits set forth for an
uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with
minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body.
Viewing Certifications
1Go to http://www.zyxel.com.
2Select your product on the ZyXEL home page to go to that product's page.
3Select the certification you wish to view from this page.
Appendix F Legal Information
WAP3205 User’s Guide
186
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
ZyXEL warrants to the original end user (purchaser) that this product is free from
any defects in materials or workmanship for a period of up to two years from the
date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase, should
the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or
materials, ZyXEL will, at its discretion, repair or replace the defective products or
components without charge for either parts or labor, and to whatever extent it
shall deem necessary to restore the product or components to proper operating
condition. Any replacement will consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally
equivalent product of equal or higher value, and will be solely at the discretion of
ZyXEL. This warranty shall not apply if the product has been modified, misused,
tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal working
conditions.
Note
Repair or replacement, as provided under this warranty, is the exclusive remedy of
the purchaser. This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, express or implied,
including any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular use or
purpose. ZyXEL shall in no event be held liable for indirect or consequential
damages of any kind to the purchaser.
To obtain the services of this warranty, contact your vendor. You may also refer to
the warranty policy for the region in which you bought the device at http://
www.zyxel.com/web/support_warranty_info.php.
Registration
Register your product online to receive e-mail notices of firmware upgrades and
information at www.zyxel.com for global products, or at www.us.zyxel.com for
North American products.
End-User License Agreement for "WAP3205"
WARNING: ZyXEL Communications Corp. IS WILLING TO LICENSE THE
ENCLOSED SOFTWARE TO YOU ONLY UPON THE CONDITION THAT YOU ACCEPT
ALL OF THE TERMS CONTAINED IN THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ
THE TERMS CAREFULLY BEFORE COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION PROCESS AS
INSTALLING THE SOFTWARE WILL INDICATE YOUR ASSENT TO THEM. IF YOU DO
NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS, THEN ZyXEL, INC. IS UNWILLING TO LICENSE THE