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OWNER’S MANUAL

XVS650P(C)
XVS650AP(C)
LIT-11626-15-15

5FB-28199-11

EAU03438

EAU00002

INTRODUCTION

Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha XVS650(C)/XVS650A(C). This
model is the result of Yamaha’s vast experience in the production of fine sporting,
touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic
maintenance of this motorcycle. If you have any questions concerning the operation
or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met
these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the
motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your
Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the recommended maintenance schedules and
operating instructions contained within this manual.

IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS
INVOLVED!
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the
motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the motorcycle.

WARNING

CAUTION:

A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
motorcycle.

NOTE:

A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.

NOTE:
● This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain
with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold.
● Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while
this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing,
there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this manual. If you have
any questions concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
@

@

EAU00003

IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EW000000

WARNING
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL AND THE “YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING
TIPS” BOOKLET CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS MOTORCYCLE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THIS MOTORCYCLE UNTIL YOU HAVE ATTAINED ADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE OF ITS CONTROLS AND OPERATING FEATURES
AND UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES.
REGULAR INSPECTIONS AND CAREFUL MAINTENANCE, ALONG WITH GOOD RIDING
SKILLS, WILL ENSURE THAT YOU SAFELY ENJOY THE CAPABILITIES AND THE RELIABILITY OF THIS MOTORCYCLE.
@

@

IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION

AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE

EAU04247

XVS650P(C)/XVS650AP(C)
OWNER’S MANUAL
© 2001 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
1st edition, April 2001
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
P/N LIT-11626-15-15

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EAU00009

1 SAFETY INFORMATION

1

2 DESCRIPTION

2

3 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS

3

4 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS

4

5 OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS

5

6 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

6

7 MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE

7

8 SPECIFICATIONS

8

9 CONSUMER INFORMATION

9

INDEX

SAFETY INFORMATION
Safe riding .......................................................................................... 1-1
Protective apparel .............................................................................. 1-3
Modifications ...................................................................................... 1-3
Loading and accessories ................................................................... 1-3
Gasoline and exhaust gas.................................................................. 1-5
Location of important labels .............................................................. 1-7

1

SAFETY INFORMATION

EAU03633

1-

1

MOTORCYCLES ARE SINGLE TRACK VEHICLES. THEIR SAFE USE AND OPERATION ARE DEPENDENT UPON THE USE OF PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES AS WELL AS THE EXPERTISE OF
THE OPERATOR. EVERY OPERATOR SHOULD KNOW THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS BEFORE RIDING THIS MOTORCYCLE.
HE OR SHE SHOULD:
1. OBTAIN THOROUGH INSTRUCTIONS FROM A COMPETENT SOURCE ON ALL ASPECTS OF
MOTORCYCLE OPERATION.
2. OBSERVE THE WARNINGS AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS IN THE OWNER’S MANUAL.
3. OBTAIN QUALIFIED TRAINING IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES.
4. OBTAIN PROFESSIONAL TECHNICAL SERVICE AS INDICATED BY THE OWNER’S MANUAL
AND/OR WHEN MADE NECESSARY BY MECHANICAL CONDITIONS.

Safe riding
1. Always make pre-operation checks. Careful checks may help prevent an accident.
2. This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and a passenger.
3. The failure of motorists to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause of
automobile/motorcycle accidents. Many accidents have been caused by an automobile driver who
did not see the motorcycle. Making yourself conspicuous appears to be very effective in reducing
the chance of this type of accident.
Therefore:
a. Wear a brightly colored jacket.
b. Use extra caution when approaching and passing through intersections, since intersections are the
most likely places for motorcycle accidents to occur.
c. Ride where other motorists can see you. Avoid riding in another motorist’s blind spot.

1-1

SAFETY INFORMATION
4. Many motorcycle accidents involve inexperienced operators. In fact, many operators who have
been involved in accidents do not even have a current motorcycle license.
a. Make sure that you are qualified and that you only lend your motorcycle to other qualified operators.
b. Know your skills and limits. Staying within your limits may help you to avoid an accident.
c. We recommend that you practice riding your motorcycle where there is no traffic until you have become thoroughly familiar with the motorcycle and all of its controls.
5. Many motorcycle accidents have been caused by error of the motorcycle operator. A typical error
made by the operator is veering wide on a turn due to EXCESSIVE SPEED or undercornering (insufficient lean angle for the speed).
a. Always obey the speed limit and never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
b. Always signal before turning or changing lanes. Make sure that other motorists can see you.
6. The posture of the operator and passenger is important for proper control.
a. The operator should keep both hands on the handlebar and both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the motorcycle.
b. The passenger should always hold onto the operator, seat strap, or grab bar, if equipped, with both
hands and keep both feet on the passenger footrests.
c. Never carry a passenger unless he or she can firmly place both feet on the passenger footrests.
7. Never ride under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
8. This motorcycle is designed for on-road use only, therefore, it is not suitable for off-road use.

1-2

1

SAFETY INFORMATION
Protective apparel
1

The majority of fatalities from motorcycle accidents are the result of head injuries. The use of a safety
helmet is the single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
1. Always wear an approved helmet.
2. Wear a face shield or goggles. Wind in your unprotected eyes could contribute to an impairment of
vision which could delay seeing a hazard.
3. The use of a jacket, heavy boots, trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing abrasions or lacerations.
4. Never wear loose-fitting clothes, otherwise they could catch on the control levers, footrests, or
wheels and cause injury or an accident.
5. Never touch the engine or exhaust system during or after operation. They become very hot and can
cause burns. Always wear protective clothing that covers your legs, ankles, and feet.
6. Passengers should also observe the precautions mentioned above.

Modifications
Modifications made to this motorcycle not approved by Yamaha, or the removal of original equipment,
may render the motorcycle unsafe for use and may cause severe personal injury. Modifications may also
make your motorcycle illegal to use.

Loading and accessories
Adding accessories or cargo to your motorcycle can adversely affect stability and handling if the weight
distribution of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid the possibility of an accident, use extreme caution
when adding cargo or accessories to your motorcycle. Use extra care when riding a motorcycle that has
added cargo or accessories. Here are some general guidelines to follow if loading cargo or adding accessories to your motorcycle:
1-3

SAFETY INFORMATION
Loading
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must not exceed the maximum load
limit of XVS650(C): 397 lb (180 kg)/XVS650A(C): 441 lb (200 kg). When loading within this weight limit,
keep the following in mind:
1. Cargo and accessory weight should be kept as low and close to the motorcycle as possible. Make
sure to distribute the weight as evenly as possible on both sides of the motorcycle to minimize imbalance or instability.
2. Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are securely attached to the motorcycle before riding. Check accessory mounts and cargo restraints frequently.
3. Never attach any large or heavy items to the handlebar, front fork, or front fender. These items, including such cargo as sleeping bags, duffel bags, or tents, can create unstable handling or slow
steering response.
Accessories
Genuine Yamaha accessories have been specifically designed for use on this motorcycle. Since
Yamaha cannot test all other accessories that may be available, you must personally be responsible for
the proper selection, installation and use of non-Yamaha accessories. Use extreme caution when selecting and installing any accessories.
Keep the following guidelines in mind, as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting accessories.
1. Never install accessories or carry cargo that would impair the performance of your motorcycle.
Carefully inspect the accessory before using it to make sure that it does not in any way reduce
ground clearance or cornering clearance, limit suspension travel, steering travel or control operation, or obscure lights or reflectors.

1-4

1

SAFETY INFORMATION

1

a. Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can create instability due to improper
weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories are added to the handlebar or front fork
area, they must be as lightweight as possible and should be kept to a minimum.
b. Bulky or large accessories may seriously affect the stability of the motorcycle due to aerodynamic
effects. Wind may attempt to lift the motorcycle, or the motorcycle may become unstable in cross
winds. These accessories may also cause instability when passing or being passed by large vehicles.
c. Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or her normal riding position. This improper
position limits the freedom of movement of the operator and may limit control ability, therefore, such
accessories are not recommended.
2. Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of the
motorcycle’s electrical system, an electric failure could result, which could cause a dangerous loss
of lights or engine power.

Gasoline and exhaust gas
1.
a.
b.
c.
2.

GASOLINE IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE:
Always turn the engine off when refueling.
Take care not to spill any gasoline on the engine or exhaust system when refueling.
Never refuel while smoking or in the vicinity of an open flame.
Never start the engine or let it run for any length of time in a closed area. The exhaust fumes are poisonous and may cause loss of consciousness and death within a short time. Always operate your
motorcycle in an area that has adequate ventilation.
3. Always turn the engine off before leaving the motorcycle unattended and remove the key from the
main switch. When parking the motorcycle, note the following:

1-5

SAFETY INFORMATION
a. The engine and exhaust system may be hot, therefore, park the motorcycle in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch these hot areas.
b. Do not park the motorcycle on a slope or soft ground, otherwise it may fall over.
c. Do not park the motorcycle near a flammable source (e.g. a kerosene heater, or near an open
flame), otherwise it could catch fire.
4. When transporting the motorcycle in another vehicle, make sure that it is kept upright and that the
fuel cock is turned to “ON” or “RES” (for vacuum type) / “OFF” (for manual type). If it should lean
over, gasoline may leak out of the carburetor or fuel tank.
5. If you should swallow any gasoline, inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or allow gasoline to get into your
eyes, see your doctor immediately. If any gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash
the affected area with soap and water and change your clothes.

1-6

1

SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU02977

Location of important labels
Please read the following important labels carefully before operating this motorcycle.
1

1-7

SAFETY INFORMATION
1

3 XVS650A
1

2

4

3 XVS650

1-8

SAFETY INFORMATION
5
1

6 California only

1-9

DESCRIPTION
Left view (XVS650) ............................................................................ 2-1
Right view (XVS650) .......................................................................... 2-2
Left view (XVS650A) .......................................................................... 2-3
Right view (XVS650A)........................................................................ 2-4
Controls and instruments (XVS650/XVS650A) .................................. 2-5

2

DESCRIPTION

EAU00026

2-

Left view (XVS650)

2

1. Shift pedal
2. Fuel cock
3. Starter (choke) knob
4. Shock absorber assembly spring
preload adjusting ring

5. Helmet holder
6. Storage compartment
7. Owner’s tool kit

(page 3-4)
(page 3-8)
(page 3-9)
(page 3-14)

2-1

(page 3-12)
(page 3-13)
(page 6-1)

DESCRIPTION
Right view (XVS650)

2

8. Engine oil filter element
9. Battery
10. Fuses

(page 6-11)
(page 6-31)
(page 6-33)

11. Main switch/steering lock
12. Air filter element
13. Brake pedal

2-2

(page 3-1)
(page 6-15)
(page 3-5)

DESCRIPTION
Left view (XVS650A)

2

1. Shift pedal
2. Fuel cock
3. Starter (choke) knob
4. Shock absorber assembly spring
preload adjusting ring

5. Helmet holder
6. Storage compartment
7. Owner’s tool kit

(page 3-4)
(page 3-8)
(page 3-9)
(page 3-14)

2-3

(page 3-12)
(page 3-13)
(page 6-1)

DESCRIPTION
Right view (XVS650A)

2

8. Engine oil filter element
9. Battery
10. Fuses

(page 6-11)
(page 6-31)
(page 6-33)

11. Main switch/steering lock
12. Air filter element
13. Brake pedal

2-4

(page 3-1)
(page 6-15)
(page 3-5)

DESCRIPTION
Controls and instruments (XVS650/XVS650A)

2

1. Clutch lever
2. Left handlebar switches
3. Speedometer unit
4. Fuel tank cap
5. Right handlebar switches
6. Throttle grip
7. Brake lever

(page 3-4)
(page 3-3)
(page 3-2)
(page 3-6)
(page 3-3)
(page 6-17)
(page 3-5)

2-5

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Main switch/steering lock .................................................................. 3-1
Indicator and warning lights ............................................................. 3-2
Speedometer unit .............................................................................. 3-2
Handlebar switches ........................................................................... 3-3
Clutch lever ....................................................................................... 3-4
Shift pedal (XVS650).......................................................................... 3-4
Shift pedal (XVS650A) ....................................................................... 3-4
Brake lever ........................................................................................ 3-5
Brake pedal ....................................................................................... 3-5
Fuel tank cap ..................................................................................... 3-6
Fuel ................................................................................................... 3-7
Fuel cock ........................................................................................... 3-8
Starter (choke) knob........................................................................... 3-9
Seats (XVS650) ................................................................................. 3-9
Seats (XVS650A) ............................................................................. 3-11
Helmet holder .................................................................................. 3-12
Storage compartment ..................................................................... 3-13
Adjusting the shock absorber assembly .......................................... 3-14
Luggage strap holders .................................................................... 3-15
Sidestand ........................................................................................ 3-15
Ignition circuit cut-off system ........................................................... 3-16

3

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS

EAU00027

3-

3

EAU00029

Main switch/steering lock
The main switch/steering lock controls
the ignition and lighting systems, and is
used to lock the steering. The various
positions are described below.
EAU00032

ON
All electrical systems are supplied with
power, the headlight, meter lighting,
taillight and front position lights come
on, and the engine can be started. The
key cannot be removed.

EAU00040

LOCK
The steering is locked, and all electrical
systems are off. The key can be removed.
To lock the steering
1. Turn the handlebars all the way to
the left.
2. Push the key in from the “OFF” position, and then turn it to “LOCK”
while still pushing it.
3. Remove the key.

EAU00038

OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.

To unlock the steering
Push the key in, and then turn it to
“OFF” while still pushing it.
3-1

1. Push.
2. Turn.
EW000016

WARNING
Never turn the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK” while the motorcycle is
moving, otherwise the electrical
systems will be switched off, which
may result in loss of control or an
accident. Make sure that the motorcycle is stopped before turning the
key to “OFF” or “LOCK”.
@

@

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00061

Neutral indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
transmission is in the neutral position.
EAU04238

1.
2.
3.
4.

Engine trouble warning light “
”
This warning light comes on or flashes
when an electrical circuit monitoring
the engine is defective. When this occurs, have a Yamaha dealer check the
self-diagnosis system.

High beam indicator light “
”
Turn signal indicator light “
”
Neutral indicator light “ ”
Engine trouble warning light “
”
EAU03034

Indicator and warning lights
EAU00063

High beam indicator light “
”
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.

NOTE:
This warning light comes on for a few
seconds when the key is turned to
“ON”, but this does not indicate a malfunction.

3
1.
2.
3.
4.

Tripmeter reset knob
Speedometer
Odometer
Tripmeter
EAU00095

_

_

EAU00057

Turn signal indicator light “
”
This indicator light flashes when the
turn signal switch is pushed to the left
or right.

3-2

Speedometer unit
The speedometer unit is equipped with
a speedometer, an odometer and a
tripmeter. The speedometer shows
riding speed. The odometer shows the
total distance traveled. The tripmeter
shows the distance traveled since it
was last set to zero with the reset knob.
The tripmeter can be used to estimate
the distance that can be traveled with a
full tank of fuel. This information will enable you to plan future fuel stops.

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Since this model is equipped with a
self-canceling system, the turn signal
lights will self-cancel after the motorcycle has traveled both about 150 m
(490 ft) and for approximately 15 seconds. However, the turn signal lights
can also be canceled manually by
pushing the switch in after it has returned to the center position.

3
1. Dimmer switch “
/
2. Turn signal switch “
3. Horn switch “
”

”
/

”

NOTE:
The self-canceling system only operates when the motorcycle is moving, so
that the turn signal lights will not selfcancel while you are stopped at an intersection.

1. Engine stop switch “
2. Start switch “
”

/

”

_

EAU00118

Handlebar switches
EAU03888

Dimmer switch “
/
”
Set this switch to “
” for the high
beam and to “
” for the low beam.
EAU04218

Turn signal switch “
/
”
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “
”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to “
”. When
released, the switch returns to the center position.

_

EAU00129

Horn switch “
”
Press this switch to sound the horn.

EAU03890

Engine stop switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” before starting
the engine. Set this switch to “ ” to
stop the engine in case of an emergency, such as when the motorcycle overturns or when the throttle cable is
stuck.
EAU00143

Start switch “ ”
Push this switch to crank the engine
with the starter.
EC000005

CAUTION:
See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
@

@

3-3

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
XVS650

XVS650A

3
1. Clutch lever

1. Shift pedal

1. Shift pedal

EAU00152

EAU00157

EAU01215

Clutch lever

Shift pedal (XVS650)

Shift pedal (XVS650A)

The clutch lever is located at the left
handlebar grip. To disengage the
clutch, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip. To engage the clutch, release
the lever. The lever should be pulled
rapidly and released slowly for smooth
clutch operation.
The clutch lever is equipped with a
clutch switch, which is part of the ignition
circuit cut-off system. (See page 3-16
for an explanation of the ignition circuit
cut-off system.)

The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch lever when
shifting the gears of the 5-speed constant-mesh transmission equipped on
this motorcycle.

The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch lever when
shifting the gears of the 5-speed constant-mesh transmission equipped on
this motorcycle.
NOTE:
Use your toes or heel to shift up and
your toes to shift down.
_

_

3-4

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
XVS650

XVS650A

3
1. Brake lever

1. Brake pedal

1. Brake pedal

EAU00158

EAU00162

Brake lever

Brake pedal

The brake lever is located at the right
handlebar grip. To apply the front
brake, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip.

The brake pedal is on the right side of
the motorcycle. To apply the rear
brake, press down on the brake pedal.

3-5

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
2. Turn the key counterclockwise to
the original position, remove it,
and then close the lock cover.
NOTE:
The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
the key cannot be removed if the cap is
not properly installed and locked.
_

_

EW000024
EAU03447

Fuel tank cap
To remove the fuel tank cap
Slide the lock cover open, insert the
key into the lock, and then turn it 1/4
turn clockwise. The lock will be released and the fuel tank cap can be removed.

WARNING
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly installed before riding.
_

_

To install the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the
tank opening with the key inserted
in the lock and with the marks on
the cap and tank aligned.

3-6

3

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00185

CAUTION:
Immediately wipe off spilled fuel
with a clean, dry, soft cloth, since
fuel may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts.
@

@

EAU04194

3
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
Total amount:
16 L (3.5 Imp gal, 4.2 US gal)
Reserve amount:
3 L (0.7 Imp gal, 0.8 US gal)

1. Fuel tank filler tube
2. Fuel level
EAU03753

Fuel
Make sure that there is sufficient fuel in
the tank. Fill the fuel tank to the bottom
of the filler tube as shown.
EW000130

_

_

WARNING
● Do not overfill the fuel tank, otherwise it may overflow when the
fuel warms up and expands.
● Avoid spilling fuel on the hot
engine.

ECA00102

CAUTION:
Use only unleaded gasoline. The
use of leaded gasoline will cause severe damage to internal engine
parts such as the valves and piston
rings, as well as to the exhaust system.
_

_

3-7

Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number
[(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a research
octane number of 91 or higher. If
knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a
gasoline of a different brand or premium unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel
will extend spark plug life and reduce
maintenance costs.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol
containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it can
cause damage to the fuel system or vehicle performance problems.

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
OFF: closed position

ON: normal position

RES: reserve position

3
1. Arrow mark positioned over “OFF”
EAU02969

Fuel cock
The fuel cock supplies fuel from the
tank to the carburetors while also filtering it.
The fuel cock lever positions are explained as follows and shown in the illustrations.

1. Arrow mark positioned over “ON”

1. Arrow mark positioned over “RES”

ON
With the fuel cock lever in this position,
fuel flows to the carburetors. Turn the
fuel cock lever to this position when
starting the engine and riding.

RES
This indicates reserve. With the fuel
cock lever in this position, the fuel reserve is made available. Turn the fuel
cock lever to this position if you run out
of fuel while riding. When this occurs,
refuel as soon as possible and be sure
to turn the fuel cock lever back to “ON”!

OFF
With the fuel cock lever in this position,
fuel will not flow. Always turn the fuel
cock lever to this position when the engine is not running.

3-8

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA00038

CAUTION:
Do not use the starter (choke) for
more than 3 minutes as the exhaust
pipe may discolor from excessive
heat. In addition, extended use of
the starter (choke) will cause afterburning. If this occurs, turn off the
starter (choke).

XVS650

_

3
1. Starter (choke) knob “

”

_

1. Nut

EAU03031

Starter (choke) knob “

EAU01889

”

Seats (XVS650)

Starting a cold engine requires a richer
air-fuel mixture, which is supplied by
the starter (choke).
Move the knob in direction a to turn on
the starter (choke).
Move the knob in direction b to turn off
the starter (choke).

Passenger seat
To remove the passenger seat
Remove the nut, and then pull the passenger seat up.

3-9

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
XVS650

NOTE:
Make sure that the seats are properly
secured before riding.

XVS650

@

@

3
1. Bolt (× 2)
2. Seat holder
3. Projection

To install the passenger seat
Insert the projection on the front of the
passenger seat into the seat holder as
shown, place the seat in the original
position, and then install the nut.

1. Seat holder
2. Projection

Rider seat
To remove the rider seat
1. Remove the passenger seat.
2. Remove the bolts, and then pull
the seat up.
To install the rider seat
1. Insert the projection on the front of
the rider seat into the seat holder
as shown, place the seat in the
original position, and then install
the bolts.
2. Install the passenger seat.

3-10

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
XVS650A

XVS650A

XVS650A

3
1. Bolt
EAU04188

Seats (XVS650A)
Passenger seat
To remove the passenger seat
Remove the bolt, and then pull the passenger seat up.

1. Seat holder (× 2)
2. Projection (× 2)

1. Bolt

To install the passenger seat
Insert the projections on the front of the
passenger seat into the holders as
shown, place the seat in the original
position, and then install the bolt.

3-11

Rider seat
To remove the rider seat
1. Remove the passenger seat.
2. Remove the bolt, and then pull the
rider seat up.

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
XVS650A

3
1. Seat holder
2. Projection

To install the rider seat
1. Insert the projection on the front of
the rider seat into the holder as
shown, place the seat in the original position, and then install the
bolt.
2. Install the passenger seat.
NOTE:
Make sure that the seats are properly
secured before riding.

1. Helmet holder
2. Unlock.
EAU00260

Helmet holder
To open the helmet holder, insert the
key into the lock, and then turn the key
as shown.
To lock the helmet holder, place it in
the original position, and then remove
the key.
EW000030

_

_

WARNING
Never ride with a helmet attached to
the helmet holder, since the helmet
may hit objects, causing loss of
control and possibly an accident.
@

@

3-12

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS

3
1. Storage compartment cover
2. Storage compartment lock cover
3. Storage compartment lock
EAU01869

Storage compartment
The storage compartment is located on
the left side of the motorcycle.

To open the storage compartment
1. Slide the lock cover open, insert
the key into the lock, and then turn
it clockwise.
2. Pull the storage compartment cover out as shown.

3-13

1. Storage compartment
2. Storage compartment cover

To close the storage compartment
1. Place the storage compartment
cover in its original position as
shown.
2. Turn the key counterclockwise, remove it, and then close the lock
cover.

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00299

NOTE:
● Align the appropriate notch in the
adjusting ring with the position indicator on the shock absorber.
● Use the special wrench and extension bar included in the owner’s
tool kit to make the adjustment.

Adjusting the shock absorber
assembly

@

This shock absorber assembly is
equipped with a spring preload adjusting ring.
EC000015

CAUTION:
Never attempt to turn an adjusting
mechanism beyond the maximum
or minimum settings.

@

@

3

CI-10E

@

Setting
1.
2.
3.
4.

Position indicator
Spring preload adjusting ring
Extension bar
Special wrench

Adjust the spring preload as follows.
1. Remove the passenger and rider
seats. (See page 3-9 [XVS650] or
3-11 [XVS650A] for removal and
installation procedures.)
2. To increase the spring preload
and thereby harden the suspension, turn the adjusting ring in direction a. To decrease the spring
preload and thereby soften the
suspension, turn the adjusting ring
in direction b.

3-14

Minimum (soft)

1

Standard

3

Maximum (hard)

7

3. Install the passenger and rider
seats.

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00315

WARNING
This shock absorber contains highly pressurized nitrogen gas. For
proper handling, read and understand the following information before handling the shock absorber.
The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for property damage or
personal injury that may result from
improper handling.
● Do not tamper with or attempt to
open the gas cylinder.
● Do not subject the shock absorber to an open flame or other
high heat sources, otherwise it
may explode due to excessive
gas pressure.
● Do not deform or damage the
gas cylinder in any way, as this
will result in poor damping performance.
● Always have a Yamaha dealer
service the shock absorber.

EAU00330

Sidestand

@

3

The sidestand is located on the left side
of the frame. Raise the sidestand or
lower it with your foot while holding the
motorcycle upright.
NOTE:
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which
cuts the ignition in certain situations.
(See further down for an explanation of
the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
@

1. Luggage strap holder (× 2)
EAU01172

Luggage strap holders
There is a luggage strap holder on
each passenger footrest.

@

3-15

@

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EW000044

WARNING
The motorcycle must not be ridden
with the sidestand down, or if the
sidestand cannot be properly
moved up (or does not stay up), otherwise the sidestand could contact
the ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of
control. Yamaha’s ignition circuit
cut-off system has been designed to
assist the operator in fulfilling the
responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting off. Therefore,
check this system regularly as described below and have a Yamaha
dealer repair it if it does not function
properly.
@

@

EAU03720

Ignition circuit cut-off system
The ignition circuit cut-off system (comprising the sidestand switch, clutch
switch and neutral switch) has the following functions.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the sidestand is up, but the clutch lever is
not pulled.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the clutch
lever is pulled, but the sidestand is
still down.
● It cuts the running engine when
the transmission is in gear and the
sidestand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according
to the following procedure.
EW000045

WARNING
If a malfunction is noted, have a
Yamaha dealer check the system
before riding.
_

_

3-16

3

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
CD-01E

With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is set to “
3. Turn the key to “ON”.
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?

3

YES

NOTE:
This check is most reliable if performed with
a warmed-up engine.

”.

NO

The neutral switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.

NO

The sidestand switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.

NO

The clutch switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.

With the engine still running:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?

YES
After the engine has stalled:
10. Move the sidestand up.
11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?

YES

The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.

3-17

PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
Pre-operation check list ..................................................................... 4-1

4

PRE-OPERATION CHECKS

EAU01114

4-

The condition of a vehicle is the owner’s responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly,
even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss
of tire air pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, to check the following points before each ride.
EAU03439

Pre-operation check list
CO-01E

ITEM

4

CHECKS

PAGE

Fuel

• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.

3-7

Engine oil

• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.

6-11

Final gear oil

• Check vehicle for oil leakage.

6-14

Front brake

•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Rear brake

• Check operation.
• Check pedal free play.
• Adjust if necessary.

6-23–6-26

Clutch

•
•
•
•

6-21, 6-28

Throttle grip

• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Check free play.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer make adjustment or lubricate.

Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.

Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.

4-1

6-22, 6-25–6-26

6-17, 6-27–6-28

PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
Control cables

CHECKS
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate if necessary.
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.

PAGE
6-27

Wheels and tires

•
•
•
•

Brake and shift pedals

• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary.

6-28

Brake and clutch levers

• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.

6-28

Sidestand

• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivot if necessary.

6-29

Chassis fasteners

• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.

—

Instruments, lights, signals
and switches

• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.

—

Sidestand switch

• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
• If system is defective, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.

6-17–6-19

4

3-15

NOTE:
Pre-operation checks should be made each time the motorcycle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a very
short time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
@

@

EWA00033

WARNING
If any item in the Pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating
the motorcycle.
@

@

4-2

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
Starting and warming up a cold engine ............................................. 5-1
Starting a warm engine ..................................................................... 5-3
Shifting .............................................................................................. 5-3
Engine break-in ................................................................................. 5-5
Parking .............................................................................................. 5-6

5

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS

EAU00372

5-

EAU00373

@

WARNING
Become thoroughly familiar
with all operating controls and
their functions before riding.
Consult a Yamaha dealer regarding any control or function
that you do not thoroughly understand.
● Never start the engine or operate it in a closed area for any
length of time. Exhaust fumes
are poisonous, and inhaling
them can cause loss of consciousness and death within a
short time. Always make sure
that there is adequate ventilation.
● Before starting out, make sure
that the sidestand is up. If the
sidestand is not raised completely, it could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss
of control.

EAU00376

@

●

5

CAUTION:
● Make sure not to store personal
items near the air cleaner intake, otherwise air intake will be
blocked and performance will
suffer.
● Make sure not to put anything
near the battery and its terminals, otherwise electrical failure
and acid corrosion may result.

EAU04219*

Starting and warming up a
cold engine
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system to enable starting, one of the
following conditions must be met:
● The transmission is in the neutral
position.
● The transmission is in gear with
the clutch lever pulled and the
sidestand up.
EW000054

@

_

WARNING
Before starting the engine,
check the function of the ignition circuit cut-off system according to the procedure
described on page 3-17.
● Never ride with the sidestand
down.
●

_

@

5-1

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
ECA00101

CAUTION:
The engine trouble warning light
should come on when the key is
turned to “ON”, and then go off after
a few seconds. If the engine trouble
warning light comes on or flashes
after starting, immediately stop the
engine, and have a Yamaha dealer
check the self-diagnosis system.
_

1. Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”.
2. Turn the key to “ON” and make
sure that the engine stop switch is
set to “ ”.
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.

4. Turn the starter (choke) on and
completely close the throttle. (See
page 3-9 for starter (choke) operation.)
5. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch.

NOTE:
When the transmission is in the neutral
position, the neutral indicator light
should be on, otherwise have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.

NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the
start switch, wait a few seconds, and
then try again. Each starting attempt
should be as short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not crank the engine more than 10 seconds on any one
attempt.

_

_

_

_

5-2

_

6. After starting the engine, move the
starter (choke) knob back halfway.
ECA00055

CAUTION:
For maximum engine life, always
warm the engine up before starting
off. Never accelerate hard when the
engine is cold!
_

_

7. When the engine is warm, turn the
starter (choke) off.

5

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
NOTE:
The engine is warm when it responds
normally to the throttle with the starter
(choke) turned off. To avoid the possibility of excessive exhaust emissions,
never leave the starter (choke) on longer than necessary. The time necessary
for starter (choke) use depends upon
the ambient temperature. Temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) require about
7 seconds of starter (choke) use and
temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) require about 35 seconds with the starter
(choke) turned on, then about 2.5 minutes with the starter (choke) in the halfway position.
_

5

EAU01258

XVS650

Starting a warm engine
Follow the same procedure as for starting a cold engine with the exception
that the starter (choke) is not required
when the engine is warm.

1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral position
EAU00423

Shifting
Shifting gears lets you control the
amount of engine power available for
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills,
etc.
The gear positions are shown in the illustration.

_

NOTE:
To shift the transmission into the neutral position, press the shift pedal down
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its
travel, and then slightly raise it.
@

@

5-3

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EC000048

XVS650A
@

1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral position

CAUTION:
● Even with the transmission in
the neutral position, do not
coast for long periods of time
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle for long distances. The transmission is
properly lubricated only when
the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may damage
the transmission.
● Always use the clutch while
changing gears to avoid damaging the engine, transmission,
and drive train, which are not
designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting.

@

EAU02988

To start out and accelerate
1. Pull the clutch lever to disengage
the clutch.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear. The neutral indicator light
should go out.
3. Open the throttle gradually, and at
the same time, release the clutch
lever slowly.
4. At the recommended shift points
shown in the table on page 5-5,
close the throttle, and at the same
time, quickly pull the clutch lever
in.
5. Shift the transmission into second
gear. (Make sure not to shift the
transmission into the neutral position.)
6. Open the throttle part way and
gradually release the clutch lever.
7. Follow the same procedure when
shifting to the next higher gear.
NOTE:
Always shift gears at the recommended shift points.
@

@

5-4

5

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS

5

EAU00427

EAU02974

To decelerate
1. Apply both the front and the rear
brakes to slow the motorcycle.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear when the motorcycle reaches
15.5 mi/h (25 km/h). If the engine
is about to stall or runs very roughly, pull the clutch lever in and use
the brakes to stop the motorcycle.
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position when the motorcycle
is almost completely stopped. The
neutral indicator light should come
on.

Recommended shift points
The recommended shift points during
acceleration and deceleration are
shown in the table below.
CF-04E

1st
2nd
3rd
4th

→
→
→
→

2nd
3rd
4th
5th

Acceleration
shift point
km/h (mi/h)

Deceleration
shift point
km/h (mi/h)

16 (9.9)
24 (14.9)
32 (19.9)
40 (24.9)

25 (15.5)
25 (15.5)
25 (15.5)
25 (15.5)

5-5

EAU01128

Engine break-in
There is never a more important period
in the life of your engine than the period
between 0 and 1,000 mi (1,600 km).
For this reason, you should read the
following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1,000 mi (1,600 km). The various parts
in the engine wear and polish themselves to the correct operating clearances. During this period, prolonged
full-throttle operation or any condition
that might result in engine overheating
must be avoided.

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU01171*

0–600 mi (0–1,000 km)
Avoid prolonged operation
1/3 throttle.

EAU00457

Parking
above

600–1,000 mi (1,000–1,600 km)
Avoid prolonged operation above
1/2 throttle.

When parking, stop the engine, remove the key from the main switch,
and then turn the fuel cock lever to
“OFF”.
EW000058

@

EC000056*

CAUTION:
After 600 mi (1,000 km) of operation,
the engine oil and final gear oil must
be changed, and the oil filter element replaced.
@

@

1,000 mi (1,600 km) and beyond
The vehicle can now be operated
normally.

WARNING
● Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch them.
● Do not park on a slope or on
soft ground, otherwise the
motorcycle may overturn.

@

EC000049

CAUTION:
If any engine trouble should occur
during the engine break-in period,
immediately have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
@

@

5-6

5

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Periodic maintenance ..........................................6-1
Owner’s tool kit ....................................................6-1
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission
control system ...................................................6-3
General maintenance and lubrication chart .........6-4
Removing and installing panels ...........................6-7
Checking the spark plugs ....................................6-9
Canister (for California only) ..............................6-11
Engine oil and oil filter element ..........................6-11
Final gear oil ......................................................6-14
Cleaning the air filter element ............................6-15
Adjusting the carburetors ...................................6-16
Adjusting the throttle cable free play ..................6-17
Adjusting the valve clearance ............................6-17
Tires ...................................................................6-17
Spoke wheels ....................................................6-19
Accessories and replacement parts ..................6-20
Adjusting the clutch lever free play ....................6-21
Adjusting the brake lever free play .....................6-22
Adjusting the brake pedal position and
free play ...........................................................6-23
Adjusting the rear brake light switch ..................6-24
Checking the front brake pads and
rear brake shoes ..............................................6-25

Checking the brake fluid level ............................ 6-26
Changing the brake fluid ................................... 6-27
Checking and lubricating the cables ................. 6-27
Checking and lubricating the throttle
grip and cable ................................................. 6-27
Checking and lubricating the brake and
shift pedals ...................................................... 6-28
Checking and lubricating the brake and
clutch levers .................................................... 6-28
Checking and lubricating the sidestand ............ 6-29
Checking the front fork ...................................... 6-29
Checking the steering ....................................... 6-30
Checking the wheel bearings ............................ 6-31
Battery ............................................................... 6-31
Replacing the fuses .......................................... 6-33
Replacing the headlight bulb ............................. 6-34
Replacing a turn signal light bulb or the tail/
brake light bulb ................................................ 6-35
Supporting the motorcycle ................................ 6-36
Front wheel ....................................................... 6-37
Rear wheel ........................................................ 6-38
Troubleshooting ................................................. 6-40
Troubleshooting chart ........................................ 6-41

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

EAU00462

6-

EAU01790

Safety is an obligation of the owner.
Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the
safest and most efficient condition possible. The most important points of
motorcycle inspection, adjustment, and
lubrication are explained on the following pages.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair
of the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
repair establishment or individual
that is certified (if applicable).
EW000060

6

WARNING
If you are not familiar with motorcycle maintenance work, have a
Yamaha dealer do it for you.
@

@

EAU00467

EAU04220

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

Owner’s tool kit

PROPER PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
OF YOUR MOTORCYCLE IS IMPORTANT IN ORDER TO ENJOY LONG,
PLEASURABLE SERVICE. ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT ARE THE
MAINTENANCE SERVICES RELATED TO EMISSIONS CONTROL.
THESE CONTROLS NOT ONLY
FUNCTION TO ENSURE CLEANER
AIR, BUT ARE ALSO VITAL TO
PROPER ENGINE OPERATION AND
MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE. IN THE
FOLLOWING PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHARTS, THE SERVICES
RELATED TO EMISSIONS CONTROL ARE GROUPED SEPARATELY. THESE SERVICES REQUIRE
SPECIALIZED DATA, KNOWLEDGE,
AND EQUIPMENT. YAMAHA DEALERS ARE TRAINED AND EQUIPPED
TO PERFORM THESE PARTICULAR
SERVICES.

The owner’s tool kit is located inside
the storage compartment. (See page
3-13 for storage compartment opening
procedures.)
The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. However, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.

6-1

NOTE:
If you do not have the tools or experience required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
_

_

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000062

WARNING
Modifications not approved by
Yamaha may cause loss of performance, excessive emissions, and
render the vehicle unsafe for use.
Consult a Yamaha dealer before attempting any changes.
_

_

6

6-2

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00471

Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
INITIAL
No.

ROUTINE

4,000 mi
(7,000 km)
or
6 months

8,000 mi
(13,000 km)
or
12 months

12,000 mi
(19,000 km)
or
18 months

16,000 mi
(25,000 km)
or
24 months

20,000 mi
(31,000 km)
or
30 months

√

√

√

√

√

√

Valve clearance

• Check and adjust valve clearance
when engine is cold.

2

Spark plugs

• Check condition.
• Adjust gap and clean.
• Replace at 8,000 mi (13,000 km) or
12 months.

√

Replace.

√

Replace.

√

3 *

Crankcase
ventilation system

• Check ventilation hose for cracks or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.

√

√

√

√

√

4 *

Fuel line

• Check fuel hoses for cracks or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.

√

√

√

√

√

5 *

Fuel filter

• Replace.

6 *

Exhaust system

• Check for leakage.
• Tighten if necessary.
• Replace gasket(s) if necessary.

7 *

Carburetor
synchronization

• Adjust synchronization of carburetors.

8 *

Idle speed

• Check and adjust engine idle speed.
• Adjust cable free play.

9 *

Evaporative
emission control
system (For
California only)

• Check control system for damage.
• Replace if necessary.

1 *

6

ITEM

ODOMETER READINGS

600 mi
(1,000 km)
or
1 month

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
6-3

√

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00472

General maintenance and lubrication chart
INITIAL
No.

ITEM

ROUTINE

ODOMETER READINGS

600 mi
(1,000 km)
or
1 month

4,000 mi
(7,000 km)
or
6 months

8,000 mi
(13,000 km)
or
12 months

12,000 mi
(19,000 km)
or
18 months

16,000 mi
(25,000 km)
or
24 months

20,000 mi
(31,000 km)
or
30 months

√

√

√

√

√

1

Engine oil

• Replace (warm engine before draining).
(See NOTE on page 8-1.)

√

2

Engine oil filter
element

• Replace at initial 600 mi (1,000 km) or
1 month, and thereafter every 8,000 mi
(13,000 km) or 12 months.

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

5 * Front brake

• Check operation, fluid level, and for fluid
leakage. (See NOTE on page 6-6.)
• Correct accordingly.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.

√

√

√

√

√

√

6 * Rear brake

• Check operation.
• Adjust cable and replace brake shoes if
necessary.

√

√

√

√

√

√

7

• Check oil level and for oil leakage.
• Replace at initial 600 mi (1,000 km) or
1 month, and thereafter every 15,000 mi
(24,000 km) or 24 months. #4

Replace.

√

√

√

Replace.

√

8 * Wheels

• Check balance, runout, spoke tightness
and for damage.
• Tighten spokes and rebalance or
replace if necessary.

√

√

√

√

√

9 * Tires

• Check tire tread wear and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.

√

√

√

√

√

3 * Air filter element

• Clean or replace if necessary.

4 * Clutch

• Check operation.
• Adjust or replace cable.

Final gear oil

6-4

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
INITIAL
No.

ITEM

ROUTINE

600 mi
(1,000 km)
or
1 month

ODOMETER READINGS
4,000 mi
(7,000 km)
or
6 months

8,000 mi
(13,000 km)
or
12 months

12,000 mi
(19,000 km)
or
18 months

16,000 mi
(25,000 km)
or
24 months

20,000 mi
(31,000 km)
or
30 months

√

√

√

√

√

10 * Wheel bearings

• Check bearings for looseness or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.

11 * Swingarm

• Check swing arm pivot for play.
• Correct if necessary.
• Moderately repack every 15,000 mi
(24,000 km) or 24 months. #2

12 * Steering bearings

• Check bearing play and steering for
smooth operation.
• Correct if necessary.
• Moderately repack every 15,000 mi
(24,000 km) or 24 months. #3

√

13 * Chassis fasteners

• Check all nuts, bolts and screws for
tightness.
• Tighten if necessary.

√

√

√

14

• Check operation.
• Lubricate pivot and contact surfaces
with chain lube lightly. #1
• Repair if necessary.

√

√

15 * Sidestand switch

• Check operation.
• Replace if necessary.

√

16 * Front fork

6

Sidestand

√

Repack.

√

Repack.

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Repair if necessary.

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

√

17 *

Rear shock
absorber

• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.

18 *

Control and
meter cable

• Apply chain lube thoroughly. #1

√

6-5

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
INITIAL
No.

ITEM

ROUTINE

600 mi
(1,000 km)
or
1 month

ODOMETER READINGS
4,000 mi
(7,000 km)
or
6 months

8,000 mi
(13,000 km)
or
12 months

12,000 mi
(19,000 km)
or
18 months

16,000 mi
(25,000 km)
or
24 months

20,000 mi
(31,000 km)
or
30 months

19

Brake and clutch
lever pivot shaft

• Apply chain lube lightly. #1

√

√

√

√

√

20

Brake pedal and
shift pedal shaft

• Apply chain lube lightly. #1

√

√

√

√

√

* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
#1 Yamaha chain and cable lube or SAE10W30 motor oil
#2 Molybdenum disulfide grease
#3 Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease)
#4 SAE80 API “GL-4” hypoid gear oil
EAU03907

NOTE:
From 24,000 mi (37,000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 4,000 mi (7,000 km) or 6 months.
_

_

EAU03234

NOTE:
● The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
● Hydraulic brake service
• Regularly check and, if necessary, correct the brake fluid level.
• Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinder and caliper, and change the brake fluid.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years and if cracked or damaged.
● Engine oil type
• Yamalube 4 (20W-40) or engine oil SAE 20W-40 (API SE) for temperatures of 5 °C (40 °F) or above.
• Yamalube 4 (10W-30) or engine oil SAE 10W-30 (API SE) for temperatures of 15 °C (60 °F) or below.
_

_

6-6

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
XVS650

XVS650A

1. Panel A

1. Panel A

1. Panel B

EAU01122

Removing and installing
panels
6

The panels shown above need to be
removed to perform some of the maintenance jobs described in this chapter.
Refer to this section each time a panel
needs to be removed and installed.

6-7

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
XVS650

XVS650A

1. Bolt (× 4)

1. Bolt (× 4)

1. Bolt

EAU01573

EAU00491

Panel A
To remove the panel
Remove the bolts, and then take the
panel off.

Panel B
To remove the panel
Remove the bolt, and then pull the panel off as shown.

To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the bolts.

6-8

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

1. Spark plug cap

To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the bolt.
6

1. Spark plug wrench
EAU03329

Checking the spark plugs
The spark plugs are important engine
components, which are easy to check.
Since heat and deposits will cause any
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark
plugs should be removed and checked
in accordance with the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
the condition of the spark plugs can reveal the condition of the engine.
To remove a spark plug
1. Remove the spark plug cap.

6-9

2. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench included in the owner’s tool kit.
To check the spark plugs
1. Check that the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode on
each spark plug is a medium-tolight tan (the ideal color when the
motorcycle is ridden normally).
2. Check that all spark plugs installed
in the engine have the same color.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
If any spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be defective. Do not attempt to diagnose such
problems yourself. Instead, have a
Yamaha dealer check the motorcycle.

Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
18 Nm (1.8 m·kgf, 13 ft·lb)

@

@

@

3. Check each spark plug for electrode erosion and excessive carbon or other deposits, and replace
it if necessary.
Specified spark plug:
DPR7EA-9 (NGK) or
X22EPR-U9 (DENSO)

NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4–1/2 turn
past finger tight. However, the spark
plug should be tightened to the specified torque as soon as possible.

a. Spark plug gap

To install a spark plug
1. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to specification.
Spark plug gap:
0.8–0.9 mm (0.03–0.04 in)
2. Clean the surface of the spark
plug gasket and its mating surface, and then wipe off any grime
from the spark plug threads.
3. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
6-10

@

4. Install the spark plug cap.
6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03835*

Left side

Engine oil and oil filter
element
The engine oil level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the oil
must be changed and the oil filter element replaced at the intervals specified
in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.

1.
2.
3.
4.

3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles, and then check the oil level
through the check window located
at the bottom-left side of the crankcase.

6
NOTE:
Make sure that the motorcycle is positioned straight up when checking the oil
level. A slight tilt to the side can result in
a false reading.
_

EAU01796

Canister (for California only)
This model is equipped with a canister
to prevent the discharging of fuel vapor
into the atmosphere.
● Check each hose connection.
● Check each hose and canister for
cracks or damage. Replace if
damaged.
● Make sure the vent hose is not
blocked. Clean it if necessary.

_

2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.

6-11

Engine oil level check window
Maximum level mark
Minimum level mark
Engine oil filler cap

NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
_

_

4. If the engine oil is below the minimum level mark, add sufficient oil
of the recommended type to raise
it to the correct level.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Right side

1. Engine oil drain bolt
2. Oil pan

1. Oil filter element outer cover
2. Bolt (× 3)

To change the engine oil (with or
without oil filter element replacement)
1. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
2. Place an oil pan under the engine
to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and drain bolt to drain the oil from
the crankcase.

NOTE:
Skip steps 4–7 if the oil filter element is
not being replaced.

1. Oil filter element inner cover
2. Bolt (× 5)

_

_

4. Remove the outer and inner oil filter element covers by removing
the bolts.

6-12

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
9. Add the specified amount of the
recommended oil, and then install
and tighten the oil filler cap.

1. Oil filter element
2. O-ring

6

5. Remove the oil filter element and
O-ring.
6. Install a new oil filter element and
the O-ring.
7. Install the oil filter element covers
by installing the bolts.
8. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and
then tighten it to the specified
torque.

Recommended engine oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
Without oil filter element
replacement:
2.6 L (2.3 Imp qt, 2.8 US qt)
With oil filter element
replacement:
2.8 L (2.5 Imp qt, 3.0 US qt)
Total amount (dry engine):
3.2 L (2.8 Imp qt, 3.4 US qt)

Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
43 Nm (4.3 m·kgf, 31 ft·lb)

6-13

EC000072*

_

CAUTION:
● In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not
mix any chemical additives with
the oil or use oils of a “CD”
grade or higher. In addition, do
not use oils labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II” or higher.
● Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.

_

10. Start the engine, and then let it idle
for several minutes while checking
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking,
immediately turn the engine off
and check for the cause.
11. Turn the engine off, and then
check the oil level and correct it if
necessary.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then
check the oil level in the final gear
case.

EAU04083

Final gear oil
The final gear case must be checked
for oil leakage before each ride. If any
leakage is found, have a Yamaha dealer check and repair the motorcycle. In
addition, the final gear oil level must be
checked and the oil changed as follows
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
EW000066

_

WARNING
● Make sure that no foreign material enters the final gear case.
● Make sure that no oil gets on
the tire or wheel.

NOTE:
The oil level should be at the brim of
the filler hole.
_

_

1. Final gear oil drain bolt
2. Final gear oil filler bolt
3. Correct oil level

To check the final gear oil level
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.

_

NOTE:
● The final gear oil level must be
checked on a cold engine.
● Make sure that the motorcycle is
positioned straight up when
checking the oil level. A slight tilt to
the side can result in a false reading.
_

_

6-14

3. If the oil is below the brim of the filler hole, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the
correct level.
To change the final gear oil
1. Place an oil pan under the final
gear case to collect the used oil.
2. Remove the oil filler bolt and drain
bolt to drain the oil from the final
gear case.
3. Install the final gear oil drain bolt,
and then tighten it to the specified
torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil drain bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lb)

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
4. Add the recommended final gear
oil to the brim of the filler hole.
Recommended final gear oil:
Hypoid gear oil SAE 80 (API GL4)
or multi-grade hypoid gear oil
SAE 80W-90
Oil quantity:
0.19 L (0.17 Imp qt, 0.20 US qt)
NOTE:
GL4 is a quality rating. Hypoid gear oils
rated GL5 or GL6 may also be used.

1. Air filter case cover
2. Screw (× 3)

1. Air filter element

_

_

6

5. Install and tighten the oil filler bolt.
6. Check the final gear case for oil
leakage. If oil is leaking, check for
the cause.

EAU00586*

Cleaning the air filter element
The air filter element should be cleaned
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
Clean the air filter element more frequently if you are riding in unusually
wet or dusty areas.
1. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.
2. Pull the air filter element out.

6-15

3. Lightly tap the air filter element to
remove most of the dust and dirt,
and then blow the remaining dirt
out with compressed air as shown.
If the air filter element is damaged,
replace it.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00628

Adjusting the carburetors

1. Air filter element holder
2. Projection
3. Slot

4. Insert the air filter element into the
air filter case as shown.

The carburetors are important parts of
the engine and emission control system, which require very sophisticated
adjustment. Therefore, all carburetor
adjustments should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the necessary professional knowledge and experience.

1. Match marks
EC000082*

@

CAUTION:
● Make sure that the air filter element is properly seated in the
air filter case.
● The engine should never be operated without the air filter element installed, otherwise the
pistons and/or cylinders may
become excessively worn.

@

5. Install the air filter case cover by
aligning the match marks and installing the screws.

6-16

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00637

Tires

The valve clearance changes with use,
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
and/or engine noise. To prevent this
from occurring, the valve clearance
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.

To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified tires.

a. Throttle cable free play
EAU00635

Adjusting the throttle cable
free play
6

EAU03360

Adjusting the valve clearance

Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be
checked and, if necessary, adjusted
before each ride.
EW000082

@

The throttle cable free play should
measure 4–6 mm (0.16–0.24 in) at the
throttle grip. Periodically check the
throttle cable free play and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.

@

6-17

WARNING
● The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
● The tire air pressure must be
adjusted in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories approved
for this model.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
XVS650

EW000083

Tire air pressure
(measured on cold tires)
Load*

Front

Rear

Up to 90 kg (198 lb)

200 kPa
2.00 kgf/cm2
29 psi

225 kPa
2.25 kgf/cm2
33 psi

90 kg (198 lb)–
maximum

200 kPa
2.00 kgf/cm2
29 psi

250 kPa
2.50 kgf/cm2
36 psi

CE-07E

Maximum load*

180 kg (397 lb)

* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories

XVS650A
Tire air pressure
(measured on cold tires)
Load*

Front

Rear

Up to 90 kg (198 lb)

225 kPa
2.25 kgf/cm2
33 psi

225 kPa
2.25 kgf/cm2
33 psi

90 kg (198 lb)–
maximum

225 kPa
2.25 kgf/cm2
33 psi

250 kPa
2.50 kgf/cm2
36 psi

CE-07E

Maximum load*

WARNING
Proper loading of your motorcycle
is important for several characteristics of your motorcycle, such as
handling, braking, performance and
safety. Do not carry loosely packed
items that can shift. Securely pack
your heaviest items close to the
center of the motorcycle, and distribute the weight evenly from side
to side. Properly adjust the suspension for your load, and check the
condition and pressure of your tires.
NEVER OVERLOAD YOUR MOTORCYCLE. Make sure the total weight
of the cargo, rider, passenger, and
accessories (cowling, saddlebags,
etc. if approved for this model) does
not exceed the maximum load of the
motorcycle. Operation of an overloaded motorcycle could cause tire
damage, an accident, or even injury.
@

200 kg (441 lb)

* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories

@

6-18

1. Tire sidewall
2. Tire wear indicator
a. Tire tread depth

Tire inspection
Always check the tires before operating
the motorcycle. If a tire tread shows
crosswise lines (minimum tread depth),
if the tire has a nail or glass fragments
in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, contact a Yamaha dealer immediately and
have the tire replaced.

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
CE-10E
FRONT
(XVS650)

Size

Model

Bridgestone

100/90-19 M/C 57S

L309

Dunlop

100/90-19 M/C 57S

F24

Manufacturer

Size

Model

Bridgestone

170/80-15M/C 77S

G546

Dunlop

170/80-15M/C 77S

K555

@

CE-10E

FRONT (XVS650A)
Manufacturer

Size

Bridgestone

130/90-16 M/C 67S

G703

Dunlop

130/90-16 M/C 67S

D404F

Model

REAR (XVS650A)
Manufacturer

Size

Bridgestone

170/80-15M/C 77S

G702

Dunlop

170/80-15M/C 77S

D404G

Model

CE-23E

Minimum tire tread depth
(front and rear)

WARNING
It is dangerous to ride with a
worn-out tire. When a tire tread
begins to show crosswise lines,
have a Yamaha dealer replace
the tire immediately.
● The replacement of all wheeland brake-related parts, including the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
necessary professional knowledge and experience.
● It is not recommended to patch
a punctured tube. If unavoidable, however, patch the tube
very carefully and replace it as
soon as possible with a highquality product.
●

REAR (XVS650)

6

EAU00685

EAU00680

Manufacturer

1.0 mm (0.04 in)
@

6-19

Spoke wheels
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified wheels.
● The wheel rims should be checked
for cracks, bends or warpage, and
the spokes for looseness or damage before each ride. If any damage is found, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the wheel. Do not
attempt even the smallest repair to
the wheel. A deformed or cracked
wheel must be replaced.
● The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.
● Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire surface must first be “broken in” for it
to develop its optimal characteristics.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00691

Accessories and replacement
parts
EW000098

ble for any consequences caused
by the use of items which have not
been approved by Yamaha.
@

WARNING
This motorcycle is not designed to
pull a trailer or to be attached to a
sidecar. The accessories or replacement parts you choose for your
motorcycle should be designed specifically for this model, and they
must be securely mounted to maintain the inherent stability of the original design. Genuine Yamaha Parts
and Accessories are designed and
tested to be compatible with your
motorcycle. Please consider Genuine Yamaha Parts and Accessories
before making a purchase. Use of
non-Yamaha-approved accessories
or replacement parts may cause
loss of handling stability and riding
safety. Since Yamaha cannot control the quality of accessories or
parts manufactured by other companies, Yamaha cannot be held [email protected]

6

6-20

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
7. Tighten the locknut at the clutch
lever and the crankcase.

1. Locknut
2. Clutch lever free play adjusting bolt
c. Clutch lever free play

1. Clutch lever free play adjusting nut
2. Locknut
EAU00694*

6

Adjusting the clutch lever free
play
The clutch lever free play should measure 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) [XVS650]
or 5–10 mm (0.20–0.39 in) [XVS650A]
as shown. Periodically check the clutch
lever free play and, if necessary, adjust it
as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the clutch lever.
2. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in direction a. To decrease the clutch
lever free play, turn the adjusting
bolt in direction b.

3. If the specified clutch lever free
play could be obtained as described above, tighten the locknut
and skip the rest of the procedure,
otherwise proceed as follows.
4. Fully turn the adjusting bolt at the
clutch lever in direction a to loosen the clutch cable.
5. Loosen the locknut at the crankcase.
6. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To decrease the clutch
lever free play, turn the adjusting
nut in direction b.
6-21

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000099

@

WARNING
After adjusting the brake lever
free play, check the free play
and make sure that the brake is
working properly.
● A soft or spongy feeling in the
brake lever can indicate the
presence of air in the hydraulic
system. If there is air in the hydraulic system, have a Yamaha
dealer bleed the system before
operating the motorcycle. Air in
the hydraulic system will diminish the braking performance,
which may result in loss of control and an accident.
●

a. Brake lever free play
EAU00696

Adjusting the brake lever free
play
The brake lever free play should measure 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) as
shown. Periodically check the brake lever free play and, if necessary, adjust it
as follows.

1. Locknut
2. Brake lever free play adjusting bolt

1. Loosen the locknut at the brake lever.
2. To increase the brake lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in direction a. To decrease the brake
lever free play, turn the adjusting
bolt in direction b.
3. Tighten the locknut.

6-22

@

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
XVS650

XVS650A

a. Distance between brake pedal and footrest
b. Brake pedal free play
EAU00711*

Adjusting the brake pedal
position and free play
6

EW000104

WARNING
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer make these adjustments.
@

a. Distance between brake pedal and footrest
b. Brake pedal free play

1. Locknut
2. Brake pedal position adjusting bolt

1. Loosen the locknut at the brake
pedal.
2. To raise the brake pedal, turn the
adjusting bolt in direction a. To
lower the brake pedal, turn the adjusting bolt in direction b.
3. Tighten the locknut.

Brake pedal position
The brake pedal should be positioned
approximately 82 mm (3.23 in) [XVS650]
or 108 mm (4.25 in) [XVS650A] above
the top of the footrest as shown. Periodically check the brake pedal position and,
if necessary, adjust it as follows.

@

EWA00044

NOTE:
The brake pedal position should be adjusted before adjusting the brake pedal
free play.

WARNING
After adjusting the brake pedal position, the brake pedal free play must
be adjusted.

@

_

@

_

6-23

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

1. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut

Brake pedal free play
The brake pedal free play should measure 20–30 mm (0.79–1.18 in) at the
brake pedal end. Periodically check the
brake pedal free play and, if necessary,
adjust it as follows.
To increase the brake pedal free play,
turn the adjusting nut at the brake rod
in direction a. To decrease the brake
pedal free play, turn the adjusting nut in
direction b.

1. Rear brake light switch
2. Rear brake light switch adjusting nut
EAU00713

Adjusting the rear brake light
switch
The rear brake light switch, which is activated by the brake pedal, is properly
adjusted when the brake light comes
on just before braking takes effect. If
necessary, adjust the brake light switch
as follows.
Turn the adjusting nut while holding the
rear brake light switch in place. To
make the brake light come on earlier,
turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To
make the brake light come on later,
turn the adjusting nut in direction b.
6-24

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00720

Checking the front brake pads
and rear brake shoes

Front

Rear

The front brake pads and the rear
brake shoes must be checked for wear
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.

1. Brake pad wear indicator groove (× 3)
EAU03938

6

Front brake pads
Each front brake pad is provided with
wear indicator grooves, which allow
you to check the brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake.
To check the brake pad wear, check
the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear
indicator grooves have almost disappeared, have a Yamaha dealer replace
the brake pads as a set.

6-25

1. Brake shoe wear limit line
2. Brake shoe wear indicator
EAU00727

Rear brake shoes
The rear brake is provided with a wear
indicator, which allows you to check the
brake shoe wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the
brake shoe wear, check the position of
the wear indicator while applying the
brake. If a brake shoe has worn to the
point that the wear indicator reaches
the wear limit line, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the brake shoes as a
set.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
●

When checking the fluid level,
make sure that the top of the brake
fluid reservoir is level.
● Use only the recommended quality brake fluid, otherwise the rubber
seals may deteriorate, causing
leakage and poor braking performance.
1. Minimum level mark

●

As the brake pads wear, it is normal for the brake fluid level to
gradually go down. However, if the
brake fluid level goes down suddenly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the cause.

Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
EAU03294

Checking the brake fluid level
Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to
enter the brake system, possibly causing it to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level mark and
replenish if necessary. A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads
and/or brake system leakage. If the
brake level is low, be sure to check the
brake pads for wear and the brake system for leakage.
Observe these precautions:

●

Refill with the same type of brake
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor braking performance.
● Be careful that water does not enter the brake fluid reservoir when
refilling. Water will significantly
lower the boiling point of the fluid
and may result in vapor lock.
● Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.

6-26

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03985

Changing the brake fluid

6

Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the NOTE after the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
have the oil seals of the brake master
cylinder and caliper as well as the
brake hose replaced at the intervals
listed below or whenever they are damaged or leaking.
● Oil seals: Replace every two
years.
● Brake hose: Replace every four
years.

EAU03297

EAU04034

Checking and lubricating the
cables

Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable

The operation of all control cables and
the condition of the cables should be
checked before each ride, and the cables and cable ends should be lubricated if necessary. If a cable is damaged
or does not move smoothly, have a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it.

The operation of the throttle grip should
be checked before each ride. In addition, the cable should be lubricated or
replaced at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance chart.

Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube
or
engine oil SAE 10W-30 (API SE)
EW000111

WARNING
Damage to the outer housing of cables may result in internal rusting
and cause interference with cable
movement. Replace damaged cables as soon as possible to prevent
unsafe conditions.
@

@

6-27

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

EAU03370

EAU03164

Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals

Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers

The operation of the brake and shift
pedals should be checked before each
ride, and the pedal pivots should be lubricated if necessary.

The operation of the brake and clutch
levers should be checked before each
ride, and the lever pivots should be lubricated if necessary.

Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)

Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)

6-28

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02939

Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)

Checking the front fork
The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the condition
EW000115

WARNING
Securely support the motorcycle so
that there is no danger of it falling
over.
@

EAU03165

Checking and lubricating the
sidestand
6

@

The operation of the sidestand should
be checked before each ride, and the
sidestand pivot and metal-to-metal
contact surfaces should be lubricated if
necessary.

Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.

EW000113

WARNING
If the sidestand does not move up
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair it.
@

@

6-29

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00794

Checking the steering

To check the operation
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars several times to check if the
front fork compresses and rebounds smoothly.

Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place a stand under the engine to
raise the front wheel off the
ground.
EW000115

WARNING
Securely support the motorcycle so
that there is no danger of it falling
over.
@

@

EC000098

CAUTION:
If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
@

@

6-30

2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01144

• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
• INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and immediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for
15 minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
● Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
away from the battery and provide sufficient ventilation when
charging it in an enclosed
space.
● KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.

EAU04242

Checking the wheel bearings

Battery

The front and rear wheel bearings must
be checked at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the wheel bearings.

The battery is located behind panel B.
(See page 6-8 for panel removal and
installation procedures.)
This motorcycle is equipped with a
sealed-type (MF) battery, which does
not require any maintenance. There is
no need to check the electrolyte or to
add distilled water.
EC000101

CAUTION:
Never attempt to remove the battery
cell seals, as this would permanently damage the battery.
_

6

_

EW000116

_

●

WARNING
Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes severe
burns. Avoid any contact with
skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the following FIRST AID.
6-31

_

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
To charge the battery
Have a Yamaha dealer charge the battery as soon as possible if it seems to
have discharged. Keep in mind that the
battery tends to discharge more quickly
if the motorcycle is equipped with optional electrical accessories.
To store the battery
1. If the motorcycle will not be used
for more than one month, remove
the battery, fully charge it, and
then place it in a cool, dry place.
2. If the battery will be stored for
more than two months, check it at
least once a month and fully
charge it if necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before installation.
4. After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly connected to the battery terminals.

EC000102

_

CAUTION:
keep the battery
● Always
charged. Storing a discharged
battery can cause permanent
battery damage.
● To charge a sealed-type (MF)
battery, a special (constantvoltage) battery charger is required. Using a conventional
battery charger will damage the
battery. If you do not have access to a sealed-type (MF) battery charger, have a Yamaha
dealer charge your battery.

_

6-32

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000103

CAUTION:
Do not use a fuse of a higher amperage rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive damage to
the electrical system and possibly a
fire.
_

_

1. Fuse box
2. Main fuse
3. Spare main fuse
EAU04190*

Replacing the fuses
6

The main fuse and the fuse box, which
contains the fuses for the individual circuits, are located behind panel B. (See
page 6-8 for panel removal and installation procedures.)
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

3. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
check if the device operates.
4. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.

Ignition fuse
Signaling system fuse
Headlight fuse
Carburetor heater fuse
Spare fuse (× 2)

Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
Headlight fuse:
Signaling system fuse:
Ignition fuse:
Carburetor heater fuse:

6-33

30 A
15 A
10 A
10 A
15 A

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

1. Screw (× 2)
EAU04189

Replacing the headlight bulb
This motorcycle is equipped with a
quartz bulb headlight. If the headlight
bulb burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the headlight unit by removing the screws.

1. Headlight coupler
2. Headlight bulb cover

1. Headlight bulb holder

3. Unhook the headlight bulb holder,
and then remove the defective
bulb.

2. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
and then remove the bulb cover.

EW000119

WARNING
Headlight bulbs get very hot. Therefore, keep flammable products away
from a lit headlight bulb, and do not
touch the bulb until it has cooled
down.
_

_

4. Place a new headlight bulb into
position, and then secure it with
the bulb holder.

6-34

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000105

CAUTION:
Do not touch the glass part of the
headlight bulb to keep it free from
oil, otherwise the transparency of
the glass, the luminosity of the bulb,
and the bulb life will be adversely affected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt
and fingerprints on the headlight
bulb using a cloth moistened with
alcohol or thinner.

XVS650

_

_

6

5. Install the headlight bulb cover,
and then connect the coupler.
6. Install the headlight unit by installing the screws.
7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
headlight beam if necessary.

1. Screw (× 2)

1. Screw (× 2)
EAU00855

Replacing a turn signal light
bulb or the tail/brake light
bulb
1. Remove the lens by removing the
screws.
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.

6-35

3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01579

XVS650A

Supporting the motorcycle

1. Screw (× 3)

4. Install the lens by installing the
screws.

Since this model is not equipped with a
centerstand, follow these precautions
when removing the front and rear
wheel or performing other maintenance requiring the motorcycle to
stand upright. Check that the motorcycle is in a stable and level position
before starting any maintenance. A
strong wooden box can be placed under the engine for added stability.

To service the rear wheel
Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
using a motorcycle stand or, if a motorcycle stand is not available, by placing
a jack either under each side of the
frame in front of the rear wheel or under
each side of the swingarm.

EC000108

CAUTION:
Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise the lens may break.
@

@

To service the front wheel
1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle
by using a motorcycle stand or, if
an additional motorcycle stand is
not available, by placing a jack under the frame in front of the rear
wheel.
2. Raise the front wheel off the
ground by using a motorcycle
stand.

6-36

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

1. Speedometer cable
EAU03737

Front wheel

1. Rubber cap
2. Axle wheel
3. Front wheel axle pinch bolt

EW000122

_

EAU03885

2. Loosen the front wheel axle pinch
bolt.
3. Remove the rubber cap, and then
loosen the wheel axle.
4. Lift the front wheel off the ground
according to the procedure on
page 6-36.
5. Pull the wheel axle out, and then
remove the wheel.

To remove the front wheel
6

1. Speedometer gear unit
2. Speedometer cable

WARNING
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer service the wheel.
● Securely support the motorcycle so that there is no danger
of it falling over.
●

ECA00048

_

1. Disconnect the speedometer cable from the front wheel.

CAUTION:
Do not apply the brake after the
wheel has been removed together
with the brake disc, otherwise the
brake pads will be forced shut.
_

_

6-37

To install the front wheel
1. Install the speedometer gear unit
into the wheel hub so that the projections mesh with the slots.
2. Lift the wheel up between the fork
legs.
NOTE:
Make sure that there is enough space
between the brake pads before inserting the brake disc and that the slot in
the speedometer gear unit fits over the
retainer on the fork leg.
_

_

3. Insert the wheel axle.
4. Lower the front wheel so that it is
on the ground.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
5. Push down hard on the handlebar
several times to check for proper
fork operation.
6. Tighten the wheel axle to the
specified torque, and then install
the rubber cap.
Tightening torque:
Wheel axle:
59 Nm (5.9 m·kgf, 43 ft·lb)

1. Axle nut
EAU01350

7. Tighten the front wheel axle pinch
bolt to the specified torque.

Rear wheel
To remove the rear wheel

Tightening torque:
Front wheel axle pinch bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lb)

EW000122

@

8. Connect the speedometer cable.

WARNING
● It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer service the wheel.
● Securely support the motorcycle so that there is no danger
of it falling over.

@

1. Loosen the axle nut.

6-38

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
Brake camshaft lever
Brake rod
Bolt (shoe plate)
Brake torque rod
Bolt (swingarm)

2. Disconnect the brake torque rod
from the brake shoe plate by removing the bolt.
3. Loosen the brake torque rod bolt
at the swingarm.
4. Remove the brake pedal free play
adjusting nut, and then disconnect
the brake rod from the brake camshaft lever.
5. Remove panel A. (See page 6-8
for panel removal and installation
procedures.)

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
3. Install the brake rod onto the brake
camshaft lever, and then install
the brake pedal free play adjusting
nut onto the brake rod.
4. Install the brake torque rod bolt at
the brake shoe plate, and then
tighten both bolts to the specified
torque.
1. Bolt (× 4)
2. Final gear case

6. Remove the bolts that secure the
final gear case to the swingarm.
7. Lift the rear wheel off the ground
according to the procedure on
page 6-36.
8. While supporting the drive shaft,
pull the rear wheel back to remove
the following parts as an assembly: wheel, wheel axle, final gear
case, and drive shaft.

6

NOTE:
Make sure to support the drive shaft as
it is being pulled out.
@

1. Middle gear universal joint
2. Drive shaft
EAU04191

To install the rear wheel
1. Install the rear wheel, wheel axle,
final gear case, and drive shaft by
pushing the wheel forward and
guiding the drive shaft into the
middle gear universal joint.
2. Install the final gear case bolts,
and then tighten them to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear case bolt:
74 Nm (7.4 m·kgf, 54 ft·lb)

@

6-39

Tightening torque:
Brake torque rod bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lb)
5. Install the panel.
6. Lower the rear wheel so that it is
on the ground.
7. Tighten the axle nut to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
92 Nm (9.2 m·kgf, 67 ft·lb)
8. Adjust the brake pedal free play.
(See page 6-23 for brake pedal
free play adjustment procedures.)

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000103

WARNING
After adjusting the brake pedal free
play, check the operation of the
brake light.
_

_

EAU01008

Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
a thorough inspection before shipment
from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems yourself. However, should your motorcycle
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look
like Yamaha parts, but they are often
inferior, have a shorter service life and
can lead to expensive repair bills.

6-40

6

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01297

Troubleshooting chart
EW000125

WARNING
Keep away open flames and do not smoke while checking or working on the fuel system.
@

@

1. Fuel
There is enough fuel.

Check the compression.

There is no fuel.

Supply fuel.

There is compression.

Check the ignition.

There is no compression.

Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.

Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.

The engine does not start.
Check the compression.

2. Compression
Operate the electric starter.

6

3. Ignition
Wet

Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gaps, or replace the spark plugs.

Open the throttle halfway and operate
the electric starter.

Dry

Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

The engine does not start.
Check the battery.

Remove the spark plugs
and check the electrodes.

4. Battery

The engine turns over
quickly.

The battery is good.

The engine turns over
slowly.

Check the battery lead connections,
and charge the battery if necessary.

Operate the electric starter.

6-41

The engine does not start.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.

MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Care .................................................................................................. 7-1
Storage .............................................................................................. 7-4

7

MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE

EAU03412

7-

Care
While the open design of a motorcycle
reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can develop
even if high-quality components are
used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed on a car, however, it detracts
from the overall appearance of a
motorcycle. Frequent and proper care
does not only comply with the terms of
the warranty, but it will also keep your
motorcycle looking good, extend its life
and optimize its performance.

Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug caps, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such products onto seals, gaskets and
wheel axles. Always rinse the dirt
and degreaser off with water.

7

7-1

Cleaning
ECA00010

@

CAUTION:
● Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a
corrosion protection spray.
● Improper cleaning can damage
windshields, cowlings, panels
and other plastic parts. Use
only a soft, clean cloth or
sponge with mild detergent and
water to clean plastic.

MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
●

Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
cleaning products, solvent or
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
● Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors, instruments, switches and lights), breather hoses
and vents.

●

For motorcycles equipped with
a windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning
compounds for plastic may
leave scratches on the windshield. Test the product on a
small hidden part of the windshield to make sure that it does
not leave any marks. If the windshield is scratched, use a quality plastic polishing compound
after washing.

After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads
during winter are extremely corrosive in
combination with water, carry out the
following steps after each ride in the
rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed
roads.
NOTE:
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
remain well into spring.
@

@

1. Clean the motorcycle with cold
water and a mild detergent, after
the engine has cooled down.

@

ECA00012

After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
and insects will come off more easily if
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
a few minutes before cleaning.

7-2

CAUTION:
Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of the
salt.
@

@

2. After drying the motorcycle, apply
a corrosion protection spray on all
metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion.

7

MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE

7

After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois
or an absorbing cloth.
2. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal,
including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.
4. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
5. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted surfaces.
7. Let the motorcycle dry completely
before storing or covering it.

EWA00031

@

WARNING
Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes or tires.
● If necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild detergent. Before riding at higher
speeds, test the motorcycle’s
braking performance and cornering behavior.

ECA00013

@

●

CAUTION:
● Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off
any excess.
● Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
● Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.

@

NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on
what products to use.

@

@

@

7-3

MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Storage
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a cool,
dry place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover.
ECA00014

@

@

CAUTION:
● Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still
wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust.
● To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.

Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for
several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. For motorcycles equipped with a
fuel cock that has an “OFF” position: Turn the fuel cock lever to
“OFF”.
3. Drain the carburetor float chambers by loosening the drain bolts;
this will prevent fuel deposits from
building up. Pour the drained fuel
into the fuel tank.
4. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
5. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinders, piston rings, etc.
from corrosion.

a. Remove the spark plug caps and
spark plugs.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
into each spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug caps onto the
spark plugs, and then place the
spark plugs on the cylinder head
so that the electrodes are grounded. (This will limit sparking during
the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several times
with the starter. (This will coat the
cylinder walls with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug caps from
the spark plugs, and then install
the spark plugs and the spark plug
caps.
EWA00003

WARNING
To prevent damage or injury from
sparking, make sure to ground the
spark plug electrodes while turning
the engine over.
@

@

7-4

7

MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE

7

6. Lubricate all control cables and
the pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/
centerstand.
7. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
8. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags to prevent moisture from
entering them.
9. Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and charge it once a month.
Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less
than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than
30 °C (90 °F)]. For more information on storing the battery, see
page 6-32.

NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
@

@

7-5

SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications .................................................................................... 8-1

8

SPECIFICATIONS

EAU01038

8-

Specifications
CS-01E

Model

XVS650(C)/XVS650A(C)

Engine
Engine type

Dimensions
XVS650(C)
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height

2,295 mm (90.4 in)
880 mm (34.6 in)
1,070 mm (42.1 in)

Seat height

695 mm (27.4 in)

Wheelbase

1,610 mm (63.4 in)

Ground clearance
Minimum turning radius

140 mm (5.5 in)

Cylinder arrangement

V type 2-cylinder

Displacement

649 cm3

Bore × stroke

81 × 63 mm (3.19 × 2.48 in)

Compression ratio

9:1

Starting system

Electric starter

Lubrication system

Wet sump

Engine oil

3,100 mm (122.0 in)

Type

XVS650A(C)
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height

8

0

1,625 mm (64.0 in)

XVS650A(C)

50

70

90

110 130 ˚F

1,105 mm (43.5 in)

Wheelbase

Basic weight
(with oil and full fuel tank)
XVS650(C)

30

YAMALUBE 4 (10W30)
or SAE 10W30

930 mm (36.6 in)

710 mm (28.0 in)

Minimum turning radius

10

2,450 mm (96.5 in)

Seat height

Ground clearance

Air-cooled 4-stroke, SOHC

YAMALUBE 4 (20W40)
or SAE 20W40
-20 -10

145 mm (5.7 in)
Recommended engine oil
classification

3,400 mm (133.9 in)

233 kg (514 lb)
247 kg (545 lb)

8-1

0

10

20

30

40

API Service SE, SF, SG or
higher

50 ˚C

SPECIFICATIONS
Spark plug
CAUTION:

Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain anti-friction
modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often labeled
“ENERGY CONSERVING II”) contain anti-friction additives
which will cause clutch and/or starter clutch slippage, resulting in reduced component life and poor engine performance.

2.8 L (2.5 lmp qt, 3.0 US qt)

Total amount (dry engine)

3.2 L (2.8 lmp qt, 3.4 US qt)

Final gear oil

0.8– 0.9 mm (0.03–0.04 in)

Hypoid gear oil SAE 80
(API GL4) or multi-grade hypoid
gear oil SAE 80W-90

Final gear case capacity

0.19 L (0.17 lmp qt, 0.20 US qt)

Wet, multiple-disc

Primary reduction system

Spur gear

Primary reduction ratio

1.789

Secondary reduction system

Shaft drive

Secondary reduction ratio

3.070

Transmission type

Constant-mesh 5-speed

Operation

Left foot

Gear ratio

Type

Air filter

Gap

Transmission

2.6 L (2.3 lmp qt, 2.8 US qt)

With oil filter element
replacement

NGK / DPR7EA-9 or
DENSO / X22EPR-U9

Clutch type

Quantity
Without oil filter element
replacement

Manufacturer/model

Dry type element

1st

2.714

2nd

1.900

3rd

1.458

4th

1.166

5th

0.966

8

Chassis

Fuel
Type

UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY

Frame type

Double cradle

Fuel tank capacity

16 L (3.5 lmp gal, 4.2 US gal)

Caster angle

35°

Reserve amount

Trail

3 L (0.7 lmp gal, 0.8 US gal)

Carburetor
Manufacturer

MIKUNI

Model × quantity

BDS28 × 2
8-2

XVS650

153 mm (6.02 in)

XVS650A

145 mm (5.7 in)

SPECIFICATIONS
Tires
XVS650(C)

XVS650A(C)
Front

Front
Type

Tube tire

Size

100/90-19 M/C 57S

Manufacturer/model

Bridgestone / L309

Tube tire

Size

130/90-16 M/C 67S

Manufacturer/model

Bridgestone / G703
Dunlop / D404F

Dunlop / F24

Rear

Rear

Type
Type

Tube tire

Size

170/80-15 M/C 77S

Manufacturer/model

Bridgestone / G546

Maximum load*

Tube tire

Size

170/80-15 M/C 77S

Manufacturer/model

Bridgestone / G702
Dunlop / D404G

Dunlop / K555

Maximum load*

180 kg (397 lb)

200 kg (441 lb)

Tire air pressure (measured
on cold tires)

Tire air pressure (measured
on cold tires)

Up to 90 kg (198 lb)*

Up to 90 kg (198 lb)*

8

Type

Front

200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)

Rear

225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)

Rear

250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)

225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)

Rear

225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)

90 kg (198 lb)– maximum*

90 kg (198 lb)– maximum*
Front

Front

Front

225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)

Rear

250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm2 , 36 psi)

* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories

* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories

8-3

SPECIFICATIONS
Wheels
XVS650(C)

Suspension

Front
Type

Spoke wheel

Size

19 M/C × MT2.50
Spoke wheel

Size

15 M/C × MT3.50

Front
Spoke wheel

Size

16 M/C × MT3.00
Spoke wheel

Size

15 M/C × MT3.50

Swingarm (monocross)

Front

Coil spring / oil damper

Rear

Coil spring / gas-oil damper

Front

140 mm (5.5 in)

Rear

86 mm (3.4 in)

XVS650A(C)

Rear
Type

Rear

Wheel travel
XVS650(C)

XVS650A(C)

Type

Telescopic fork

Spring/shock absorber

Rear
Type

Front

Front

140 mm (5.5 in)

Rear

98 mm (3.9 in)

Electrical systems
Ignition system

Brakes

T.C.I. (digital)

Charging system

Front
Type

Single disc brake

Operation

Right hand

Fluid

DOT 4

Drum brake

Operation

Right foot

A.C. magneto

Standard output

14 V 20 A @ 5,000 r/min

Model

GT12B-4

Voltage, capacity

12 V, 10 Ah

Battery

Rear
Type

Type

Headlight type

8-4

Quartz bulb (halogen)

8

SPECIFICATIONS
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity
Headlight

12 V, 60/55 W × 1

Tail/brake light

12 V, 8/27 W × 1

Front turn signal/
position light

12 V, 27/8 W × 2

Rear turn signal light

12 V, 27 W × 2

Meter lighting

12 V, 1.7 W × 1

Neutral indicator light

12 V, 1.7 W × 1

High beam indicator light

12 V, 1.7 W × 1

Turn signal indicator light

12 V, 1.7 W × 1

Engine trouble warning light

12 V, 1.7 W × 1

Fuses
Main fuse

30 A

Ignition fuse

10 A

Signaling system fuse

10 A

Headlight fuse

15 A

Carburetor heater fuse

15 A

8

8-5

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Identification numbers ....................................................................... 9-1
Key identification number .................................................................. 9-1
Vehicle identification number ............................................................. 9-1
Model label ........................................................................................ 9-2
Reporting safety defects ................................................................... 9-3
Motorcycle noise regulation .............................................................. 9-4
Maintenance record .......................................................................... 9-5
STREET AND ENDURO MOTORCYCLE LIMITED WARRANTY .... 9-7
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.) ......................................... 9-9

9

CONSUMER INFORMATION

EAU01039

9-

EAU02944

Identification numbers
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided below for assistance when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is stolen.
1. Key identification number

1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
CA-02E

2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:

EAU01043

Key identification number

Vehicle identification number

The key identification number is
stamped into the key tag. Record this
number in the space provided and use
it for reference when ordering a new
key.

The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the steering head pipe.
Record this number in the space provided.

CA-02E

9

1. Vehicle identification number
EAU01041

NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcycle with the licensing authority in
your area.
@

3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
CA-01E

@

9-1

CONSUMER INFORMATION

1. Model label
EAU01804

Model label
The model label is affixed to the frame
under the rider seat. (See page 3-9
[XVS650] or 3-11 [XVS650A] for rider
seat removal and installation procedures.) Record the information on this
label in the space provided. This information will be needed when ordering
spare parts from a Yamaha dealer.
9

9-2

CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01051

Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group
of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C.
area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.

9

9-3

CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01053

Motorcycle noise regulation
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other
than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of
the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW”.
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
CL-01E

Exhaust system

Muffler
Exhaust pipe
Silencer

Intake system

Air cleaner case
Air cleaner element
Intake duct

9

9-4

CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01874

Maintenance record
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your motorcycle will be required to document that
maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder
that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work.
CL-04E

Maintenance
interval

Date of
service

Servicing dealer
name and address

Mileage

600 mi
(1,000 km) or
1 month
4,000 mi
( 7,000 km) or
6 months
8,000 mi
(13,000 km) or
12 months
12,000 mi
(19,000 km) or
18 months
16,000 mi
(25,000 km) or
24 months

9

20,000 mi
(31,000 km) or
30 months
24,000 mi
(37,000 km) or
36 months
9-5

Remarks

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Maintenance
interval

Date of
service

Servicing dealer
name and address

Mileage

Remarks

28,000 mi
(43,000 km) or
42 months
32,000 mi
(49,000 km) or
48 months
36,000 mi
(55,000 km) or
54 months
40,000 mi
(61,000 km) or
60 months

9

9-6

CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU02918

YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
STREET AND ENDURO MOTORCYCLE LIMITED WARRANTY

9

9-7

CONSUMER INFORMATION

9

9-8

CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01063

YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)

9

9-9

CONSUMER INFORMATION

9

9-10

INDEX

10-

A

E

M

Accessories and replacement parts .......6-20
Air filter element, cleaning ......................6-15

Engine break-in ....................................... 5-5
Engine oil and oil filter element .............. 6-11
Engine stop switch................................... 3-3
Engine trouble warning light .................... 3-2

Main switch/steering lock .........................3-1
Maintenance and lubrication, periodic ......6-4
Maintenance, emission control system.....6-3
Maintenance, periodic ..............................6-1
Maintenance record .................................9-5
Model label ..............................................9-2

B
Battery ...................................................6-31
Brake and clutch levers, checking and
lubricating ............................................6-28
Brake and shift pedals, checking and
lubricating ............................................6-28
Brake fluid, changing .............................6-27
Brake fluid level, checking......................6-26
Brake lever...............................................3-5
Brake lever free play, adjusting ..............6-22
Brake light switch (rear), adjusting .........6-24
Brake pads and shoes, checking ...........6-25
Brake pedal..............................................3-5
Brake pedal position and free play,
adjusting ..............................................6-23

C
Cables, checking and lubricating............6-27
Canister (for California only)...................6-11
Carburetors, adjusting............................6-16
Care.........................................................7-1
Clutch lever..............................................3-4
Clutch lever free play, adjusting .............6-21

F
Final gear oil.......................................... 6-14
Front fork, checking ............................... 6-29
Fuel ......................................................... 3-7
Fuel cock................................................. 3-8
Fuel tank cap........................................... 3-6
Fuses, replacing .................................... 6-33

H
Handlebar switches ................................. 3-3
Headlight bulb, replacing ....................... 6-34
Helmet holder ........................................ 3-12
High beam indicator light ......................... 3-2
Horn switch ............................................. 3-3

I
Identification numbers ............................. 9-1
Ignition circuit cut-off system.................. 3-16
Indicator and warning lights ..................... 3-2

K
Key identification number ........................ 9-1

D

L

Dimmer switch .........................................3-3

Labels, location ....................................... 1-7
Luggage strap holders........................... 3-15

N
Neutral indicator light ...............................3-2
Noise regulation .......................................9-4

P
Panels, removing and installing................6-7
Parking.....................................................5-6
Part locations ...........................................2-1
Pre-operation check list............................4-1

S
Safety defects, reporting ..........................9-3
Safety information .....................................1-1
Seats (XVS650) .......................................3-9
Passenger seat...................................3-9
Rider seat .........................................3-10
Seats (XVS650A)...................................3-11
Passenger seat.................................3-11
Rider seat .........................................3-11
Shifting.....................................................5-3
Decelerating .......................................5-5
Shift points..........................................5-5
Starting out and accelerating ..............5-4

INDEX
Shift pedal (XVS650) ............................... 3-4
Shift pedal (XVS650A)............................. 3-4
Shock absorber assembly, adjusting ..... 3-14
Sidestand .............................................. 3-15
Sidestand, checking and lubricating....... 6-29
Spark plugs, checking ............................. 6-9
Specifications .......................................... 8-1
Speedometer unit .................................... 3-2
Starter (choke) knob ................................ 3-9
Starting and warming up a cold engine.... 5-1
Starting a warm engine............................ 5-3
Start switch.............................................. 3-3
Steering, checking ................................. 6-30
Storage.................................................... 7-4
Storage compartment ............................ 3-13
Supporting the motorcycle ..................... 6-36

T
Throttle cable free play, adjusting .......... 6-17
Throttle grip and cable, checking and
lubricating............................................ 6-27
Tires ...................................................... 6-17
Tool kit..................................................... 6-1
Troubleshooting..................................... 6-40
Troubleshooting chart............................ 6-41
Turn signal indicator light ......................... 3-2
Turn signal light or tail/brake light bulb,
replacing ............................................. 6-35
Turn signal switch.................................... 3-3

V
Valve clearance, adjusting .................... 6-17
Vehicle identification number................... 9-1

W
Warranty, extended................................. 9-9
Warranty limited ...................................... 9-7
Wheel bearings, checking ..................... 6-31
Wheel (front) ......................................... 6-37
Installing .......................................... 6-37
Removing ........................................ 6-37
Wheel (rear) .......................................... 6-38
Installing .......................................... 6-39
Removing ........................................ 6-38
Wheels.................................................. 6-19

YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.

PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER

PRINTED IN JAPAN
2001 · 5 - 3.0 × 1 CR
(E)



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